1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. PGE synthase

PGE synthase

Prostaglandin E synthase

PGE synthase (Prostaglandin E synthase), which converts cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostaglandin H2 (PGH2) to PGE2, is known to comprise a group of at least three structurally and biologically distinct enzymes. There are membrane-associated PGES (mPGES)-1, mPGES-2, and cytosolic PGES (cPGES).

mPGES-1 is a perinuclear protein that is markedly induced by proinflammatory stimuli and downregulated by anti-inflammatory glucocorticoids as in the case of COX-2. It is functionally coupled with COX-2 in marked preference to COX-1. mPGES-2 is synthesized as a Golgi membrane-associated protein, and the proteolytic removal of the N-terminal hydrophobic domain leads to the formation of a mature cytosolic enzyme. This enzyme is rather constitutively expressed in various cells and tissues and is functionally coupled with both COX-1 and COX-2. cPGES is constitutively expressed in a wide variety of cells and is functionally linked to COX-1 to promote immediate PGE2 production.

PGE synthase Related Products (40):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B1081A
    Oxidopamine hydrobromide
    Inducer 99.95%
    Oxidopamine (6-OHDA) hydrobromide is an antagonist of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Oxidopamine hydrobromide is a widely used neurotoxin and selectively destroys dopaminergic neurons. Oxidopamine hydrobromide promotes COX-2 activation, leading to PGE2 synthesis and pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β secretion. Oxidopamine hydrobromide can be used for the research of Parkinson’s disease (PD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.
  • HY-B1081
    Oxidopamine hydrochloride
    Inducer 99.91%
    Oxidopamine (6-OHDA) hydrochloride is an antagonist of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Oxidopamine hydrochloride is a widely used neurotoxin and selectively destroys dopaminergic neurons. Oxidopamine hydrochloride promotes COX-2 activation, leading to PGE2 synthesis and pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β secretion. Oxidopamine hydrochloride can be used for the research of Parkinson’s disease (PD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.
  • HY-N0297
    Sinensetin
    Inhibitor 99.67%
    Sinensetin is a methylated flavone found in certain citrus fruits.
  • HY-15123
    (S)-Flurbiprofen
    Inhibitor 99.83%
    (S)-Flurbiprofen is an active enantiomer of Flurbiprofen, with IC50 values of 0.48 μM and 0.47 μM for COX-1 and COX-2, respectively.
  • HY-13283
    MF63
    Inhibitor 99.05%
    MF63 is a selective mPGES-1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.9 nM and 1.3 nM for pig mPGES-1 and human mPGES-1 enzyme, respectively.
  • HY-147416
    Vipoglanstat
    Inhibitor
    Vipoglanstat (BI 1029539), a carboxamide, is a potent and selective, non-peptide and orally active small molecular inhibitor of human prostaglandin E synthase 1 (mPGES-1). Vipoglanstat also has anti-inflammatory activity.
  • HY-N8435
    Desoxo-narchinol A
    Inhibitor
    Desoxo-narchinol A is an orally active and potent anti-inflammatory agent. Desoxo-narchinol A can be isolated from the roots and rhizomes of Nardostachys jatamansi. Desoxo-narchinol A can be used for septic shock and inflammatory diseases research.
  • HY-13988
    AT-56
    Inhibitor 98.45%
    AT-56 is a potent, selective and orally active inhibitor of lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS), with an IC50 of 95 μM and Ki of 75 μM. AT-56 could selectively suppress the drowsiness or pain reaction mediated by L-PGDS-catalyzed PGD2.
  • HY-B0683
    Limaprost
    Agonist 99.95%
    Limaprost (OP1206) is a PGE1 analogue and a potent and orally active vasodilator. Limaprost increases blood flow and inhibits platelet aggregation. Limaprost pain relief, has antianginal effects, and can be used for ischaemic symptoms research.
  • HY-N6257
    Cafestol
    Inhibitor 99.91%
    Cafestol, one of the major components of coffee, is a coffee-specific diterpene from. Cafestol is a ERK inhibitor for AP-1-targeted activity against PGE2 production and the mRNA expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in LPS-activated RAW264.7 cells. Cafestol has strong inhibitory activity on PGE2 production by suppressing the NF-kB activation pathway. Cafestol contributes to its beneficial effects through various biological activities such as chemopreventive, antitumorigenic, hepatoprotective, antioxidative and antiinflammatory effects.
  • HY-30235A
    Benzydamine hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 98.02%
    Benzydamine hydrochloride is a locally-acting nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with local anaesthetic and analgesic properties; selectively binds to prostaglandin synthetase and has notable in vitro antibacterial activity.
  • HY-108259
    HQL-79
    Inhibitor 99.87%
    HQL-79, a potent, selective and orally active human hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase (H-PGDS) inhibitor, highly selectively inhibits the synthesis of PGD2, and acts as an anti-allergic agent, with a Kd of 0.8 μM and an IC50 of 6 μM. Shows no obvious effect on COX-1, COX-2, m-PGES, or L-PGDS.
  • HY-N6966
    Ethyl Caffeate
    Inhibitor 98.89%
    Ethyl Caffeate is a natural phenolic compound isolated from Bidens pilosa. Ethyl caffeate suppresses NF-κB activation and its downstream inflammatory mediators, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in vitro or in mouse skin.
  • HY-B0890
    Zomepirac sodium salt
    Inhibitor 99.42%
    Zomepirac sodium salt (McN-2783-21-98) is a potent prostaglandin biosynthesis inhibitor. Zomepirac sodium salt is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Zomepirac sodium salt can cause immune-mediated liver injury.
  • HY-139589
    Zaloglanstat
    Inhibitor 99.73%
    Zaloglanstat (ISC-27864) is the inhibitor of the microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1), and can be used to study asthma, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute or chronic pain and neurodegenerative diseases, etc.
  • HY-B0336
    Pranoprofen
    Inhibitor 99.37%
    Pranoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) for the research of keratitis or other ophthalmology diseases. Pranoprofen inhibit COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes, thus blocking arachidonic acid converted to eicosanoids and reducing prostaglandins synthesis.
  • HY-10439
    HPGDS inhibitor 1
    Inhibitor 99.04%
    HPGDS inhibitor 1 is a potent, selective and orally active Hematopoietic Prostaglandin D Synthase (HPGDS) inhibitor with an IC50s of 0.6 nM and 32 nM in enzyme and cellular assays, respectively. HPGDS inhibitor 1 does not inhibit human L-PGDS, mPGES, COX-1, COX-2, or 5-LOX.
  • HY-B0270
    Suprofen
    Inhibitor 99.11%
    Suprofen (TN-762) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
  • HY-12791
    hPGDS-IN-1
    Inhibitor 99.82%
    hPGDS-IN-1 is a hPGDS inhibitor ,with IC50 of 12 nM in the Fluorescence Polarization Assay or the EIA assay.
  • HY-126134
    HPGDS inhibitor 2
    Inhibitor 99.72%
    HPGDS inhibitor 2 is a highly potent and selective hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase (H-PGDS) inhibitor with an IC50 of 9.9 nM.