1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Lipoxygenase



Lipoxygenases (LOXs) are a family of enzymes that are responsible for the metabolism of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acid and for the formation of several eicosanoids and docosanoids, including leukotrienes, lipoxins and neuroprotectins. Depending on cells' redox state and other milieu conditions, these enzymes are engaged in oxidative stress and cell death mechanisms or in cell protection. Lipoxygenases are lipid peroxidizing enzymes, implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and hyperproliferative diseases, which represent potential targets for pharmacological intervention.

Lipoxygenases are classified on the basis of site of arachidonate oxygenation into 5-, 8-, 9-, 11-, 12- and 15-LOX. The prominent animal LOXs are 5-LOX, 8-LOX, 12-LOX and 15-LOX, while the plant LOXs are mostly 5-LOX and 15-LOX. Among these, 5-LOX is the most predominant isoform associated with the formation of 5-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HpETE) and other bioactive lipid mediators.

Lipoxygenase Isoform Specific Products:

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-13419
    Inhibitor 99.79%
    U-73122 is a phospholipase C (PLC) and 5-LO (5-lipoxygenase) inhibitor with an IC50of 1-2.1 µM for PLC.
  • HY-14164
    Inhibitor 99.86%
    Zileuton is a potent and selective inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase with antiasthmatic properties.
  • HY-N0551
    Inhibitor 99.91%
    Wedelolactone suppresses LPS-induced caspase-11 expression by directly inhibits the IKK Complex. Wedelolactone also inhibits 5-lipoxygenase (5-Lox) with an IC50 of 2.5 μM. Wedelolactone induces caspase-dependent apoptosis in prostate cancer cells via downregulation of PKCε without inhibiting Akt. Wedelolactone can extract from Eclipta alba, and it can be used for the research of cancer.
  • HY-12341
    Inhibitor 98.11%
    ML355 is a potent and selective inhibitor of 12-Lipoxygenase (12-LOX) with an IC50 of 0.34 μM, shows excellent selectivity over related lipoxygenases and cyclooxygenases, and possesses favorable ADME properties.
  • HY-N0198
    Nordihydroguaiaretic acid
    Inhibitor 99.88%
    Nordihydroguaiaretic acid is a 5-lipoxygenase (5LOX) (IC50=8 μM) and tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
  • HY-139196
    Inhibitor 99.97%
    ThioLox is a competitive 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1) inhibitor with a Ki of 3.30 μM. ThioLox shows anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties.
  • HY-118110
    Inhibitor 99.92%
    MLS000545091 is a potent and selective lipoxygenase-2 (LOX-2) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 2.6 μM for h15-LOX-2.
  • HY-124252
    5,8,11-Eicosatriynoic acid
    5,8,11-Eicosatriynoic acid (ETI) is a lipoxygenase inhibitor that blocks LTC4 biosynthesis in mast cell tumor cells.
  • HY-N0172
    Caffeic acid
    Inhibitor 99.33%
    Caffeic acid is an inhibitor of both TRPV1 ion channel and 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO).
  • HY-111310
    Inhibitor 98.19%
    ML351 is a potent and highly specific 15-LOX-1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 200 nM. ML351 shows excellent selectivity (>250-fold) versus the related isozymes, 5-LOX, platelet 12-LOX, 15-LOX-2, ovine COX-1, and human COX-2. ML351 prevents dysglycemia and reduces β-cell oxidative stress in nonobese diabetic mouse model of T1D.
  • HY-N0232
    Inhibitor 99.90%
    Psoralidin is a dual inhibitor of COX-2 and 5-LOX, regulates ionizing radiation (IR)-induced pulmonary inflammation.Anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. Psoralidin significantly downregulates NOTCH1 signaling. Psoralidin also greatly induces ROS generation.
  • HY-19807
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Indirubin-3'-monoxime is a potent GSK-3β inhibitor, and weakly inhibits 5-Lipoxygenase, with IC50s of 22 nM and 7.8-10 µM, respectively; Indirubin-3'-monoxime also shows inhibitory activities against CDK5/p25 and CDK1/cyclin B, with IC50s of 100 and 180 nM.
  • HY-B1452
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Licofelone (ML-3000) is a dual COX/5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) inhibitor (IC50=0.21/0.18 μM, respectively) for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Licofelone exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects. Licofelone induces apoptosis, and decreases the production of proinflammatory leukotrienes and prostaglandins.
  • HY-N1996
    Chebulagic acid
    Inhibitor 99.67%
    Chebulagic acid is a COX-LOX dual inhibitor isolated from the fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz, on angiogenesis. Chebulagic acid is a M2 serine to asparagine 31 mutation (S31N) inhibitor and influenza antiviral. Chebulagic acid also against SARS-CoV-2 viral replication with an EC50 of 9.76 μM.
  • HY-N0493
    Inhibitor 99.59%
    Pectolinarigenin is a dual inhibitor of COX-2/5-LOX. Anti-inflammatory activity. Pectolinarigenin has potent inhibitory activities on melanogenesis.
  • HY-110399
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Cirsiliol is a potent and selective 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor and a competitive low affinity benzodiazepine receptor ligand.
  • HY-N1881
    4',5-Dihydroxyflavone is a soybean LOX-1 and yeast α-Glucosidase inhibitor, with an Ki of 102.6 μM for soybean LOX-1 and an IC50 of 66 μM for yeast α-glucosidase. LOX-1 isshort for Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1.
  • HY-12886
    Inhibitor 99.31%
    Docebenone (AA 861) is a potent, selective and orally active 5-LO (5-lipoxygenase) inhibitor.
  • HY-117048
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    PF-4191834 (PF-04191834) is an orally active, noniron chelating, and non-redox inhibitor of the 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX) (IC50=229 nM), displays ~300-fold selectivity for 5-LOX over 12-LOX and 15-LOX, shows no activity toward the cyclooxygenase enzymes, and is effective in inflammation and pain.
  • HY-138989
    15-LOX-1 inhibitor 1
    Inhibitor 98.60%
    15-LOX-1 inhibitor 1 is a potent inhibitor of 15-LOX-1 (15-lipoxygenase-1) with an IC50 value of 0.19 μM. 15-LOX-1 inhibitor 1 protects macrophages from lipopolysaccharide-induced cytotoxicity. 15-LOX-1 inhibitor 1 inhibits NO formation and lipid peroxidation.

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