1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Vitamin D Related/Nuclear Receptor
  3. Thyroid Hormone Receptor

Thyroid Hormone Receptor

THR

Thyroid hormone receptor is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that shuttles between the cytosol and nucleus. Thyroid hormone receptors are ligand-dependent transcription factors that mediate the biological activities of thyroid hormone (T3). Thyroid hormone receptors are encoded by two genes, one for TRα and another for TRβ, which encode the major isoforms of TR, including TRα1, TRα2, TRβ1, and TRβ2. The thyroid hormone receptors mediate the pleiotropic activities of the thyroid hormone (T3) in growth, development, and differentiation and in maintaining metabolic homeostasis.

Thyroid hormone receptors are zinc finger transcription factors in the erbA superfamily that bind DNA at specific response element sequences (thyroid hormone response elements, TREs) and activate gene expression in response to thyroid hormone (T3). Thyroid hormone receptors have been shown to bind DNA as monomers, homodimers, or heterodimers with another erbA superfamily member, the retinoid X receptor (RXR).

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-A0070A
    Liothyronine
    Activator 99.82%
    Liothyronine is an active form of thyroid hormone. Liothyronine binds to thyroid hormone receptors TRα and TRβ with Kis of 2.33 and 2.29 nM for hTRα and hTRβ, respectively. Liothyronine also binds to PVR and blocks the interaction of TIGIT/PVR.
    Liothyronine
  • HY-12216
    Resmetirom
    Agonist 99.76%
    Resmetirom (MGL-3196) is a highly selective thyroid hormone receptor β (THR-β) agonist with an EC50 value of 0.21 μM.
    Resmetirom
  • HY-A0070
    Liothyronine sodium
    Activator 99.49%
    Liothyronine sodium is an active form of thyroid hormone. Liothyronine sodium is a potent thyroid hormone receptors TRα and TRβ agonist with Kis of 2.33 nM for hTRα and hTRβ, respectively.
    Liothyronine sodium
  • HY-18341
    L-Thyroxine
    99.49%
    L-Thyroxine (Levothyroxine; T4) is a synthetic hormone for the research of hypothyroidism. DIO enzymes convert biologically active thyroid hormone (Triiodothyronine,T3) from L-Thyroxine (T4).
    L-Thyroxine
  • HY-14823
    Sobetirome
    Agonist 99.92%
    Sobetirome (GC-1) is a thyroid hormone receptor β (TRβ)-specific agonist which bind selectively to TRβ-1 with an EC50 of 0.16 μM.
    Sobetirome
  • HY-111288
    MB-07811
    Agonist 99.09%
    MB-07811 (VK-2809) is an orally active HepDirect prodrug of MB07344, a liver-targeted thyroid hormone receptor-β agonist. MB-07811 has cholesterol and triglycerides lowering activity.
    MB-07811
  • HY-W010669
    L-Thyroxine sodium xhydrate
    L-Thyroxine sodium xhydrate (Levothyroxine; T4) is a synthetic hormone in the treatment of hypothyroidism. DIO enzymes convert biologically active hormone (Triiodothyronine,T3) from L-Thyroxine (T4).
    L-Thyroxine sodium xhydrate
  • HY-A0070AR
    Liothyronine (Standard)
    Activator
    Liothyronine (Standard) is the analytical standard of Liothyronine. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Liothyronine is an active form of thyroid hormone. Liothyronine is a potent thyroid hormone receptors TRα and TRβ agonist with Kis of 2.33 nM for hTRα and hTRβ, respectively.
    Liothyronine (Standard)
  • HY-100856
    PCO371
    Agonist 98.82%
    PCO371 is an orally active full agonist of parathyroid hormone receptor 1 (PTHR1), with no effect on PTH type 2 receptor.
    PCO371
  • HY-108742A
    Abaloparatide TFA
    Activator 99.86%
    Abaloparatide TFA (BA 058 TFA) is a parathyroid hormone receptor 1 (PTHR1) analogue. Abaloparatide TFA also is a selective PTHR1 activator. Abaloparatide TFA enhances Gs/cAMP signaling and β-arrestin recruitment. Abaloparatide TFA enhances bone formation and cortical structure in mice. Abaloparatide TFA has the potential for the research of osteoporosis.
    Abaloparatide TFA
  • HY-B0596
    Taltirelin
    Agonist 99.86%
    Taltirelin (TA0910) is a superagonist at thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor (TRH-R) with an IC50 of 910 nM and EC50 of 36 nM for stimulating an increase in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration (Ca2+ release).
    Taltirelin
  • HY-18341B
    L-Thyroxine sodium
    99.50%
    L-Thyroxine sodium (Levothyroxine sodium) is a synthetic hormone for the research of hypothyroidism. DIO enzymes convert biologically active thyroid hormone (Triiodothyronine,T3) from L-Thyroxine (T4).
    L-Thyroxine sodium
  • HY-141513
    NH-3
    Antagonist 98.00%
    NH-3 is an orally active, reversible thyroid hormone receptor (THR) antagonist with an IC50 of 55 nM. NH-3, a derivative of the selective thyromi-metic GC-1, inhibits binding of thyroid hormones to their receptor and that inhibits cofactor recruitment. NH-3 is a click chemistry reagent, it contains an Alkyne group and can undergo copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAc) with molecules containing Azide groups.
    NH-3
  • HY-B1201
    Tiratricol
    99.60%
    Tiratricol is an orally available thyroid hormone analog that inhibits pituitary thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion. Tiratricol is an intracellular toxin neutralizer that inhibits LPS and lipid A cytotoxicity with IC50s of 20 μM and 32 μM, respectively. Tiratricol reduces TNF production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages. Tiratricol also has antiviral activity and is an inhibitor of yellow fever virus (Flavivirus). It can bind to the RdRp domain of the viral NS5 protein to hinder YFV replication..
    Tiratricol
  • HY-111443
    TR antagonist 1
    Antagonist 99.57%
    TR antagonist 1 is a high-affinity thyroid hormone receptor (TR) antagonist with IC50s of 36 and 22 nM for TRα and TRβ, respectively.
    TR antagonist 1
  • HY-P0002A
    Protirelin acetate
    Activator 99.98%
    Protirelin Acetate is a highly conserved neuropeptide that exerts the hormonal control of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels as well as neuromodulatory functions.
    Protirelin acetate
  • HY-18341A
    L-Thyroxine sodium salt pentahydrate
    99.38%
    L-Thyroxine sodium salt pentahydrate (Levothyroxine; T4) is a synthetic hormone for the research of hypothyroidism. DIO enzymes convert biologically active thyroid hormone (Triiodothyronine,T3) from L-Thyroxine (T4).
    L-Thyroxine sodium salt pentahydrate
  • HY-101406
    Thyroxine sulfate
    99.84%
    Thyroxine sulfate is a thyroid hormone metabolite.
    Thyroxine sulfate
  • HY-126236
    3,5-Diiodothyropropionic acid
    Modulator 99.20%
    3,5-Diiodothyropropionic acid is a thyroid hormone analog, induces α-myosin heavy chain mRNA expression, binds to thyroid hormone receptor (TR), with Ka of 2.40 and 4.06 M-1 for TRα1 and TRβ1, respectively.
    3,5-Diiodothyropropionic acid
  • HY-W010696
    Reverse T3
    Agonist
    Reverse T3 is a thyroid hormone that can be generated by deiodination of the prohormone thyroxine. Reverse T3 inhibits the increase of sodium current generated by other thyroid hormone analogs in neonatal rat myocytes.
    Reverse T3
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Application Reactivity