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  2. Saccharides

Saccharides

Saccharides are the most abundant class of organic compounds found in living organisms and a major source of metabolic energy, both for plants and for animals that depend on plants for food. They are represented by a common formula Cm(H2O)n hence, often called carbohydrates. Saccharides are mainly grouped into: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Saccharides perform numerous structural as well as biological roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serves as the reservoir of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. They actively participate in energy storage and transport, signaling, cell-cell communication, pathogenesis, immune response and modulation of protein and lipid function.

Saccharides (154):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-13966
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose 154-17-6 ≥99.0%
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose is a glucose analog that acts as a competitive inhibitor of glucose metabolism, inhibiting glycolysis via its actions on hexokinase.
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose
  • HY-D1056
    Lipopolysaccharides
    Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) is an endotoxin derived from the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consists of an antigen O-specific chain, a core oligosaccharide and lipid A. Lipopolysaccharides is a highly immunogenic antigen which can enhance immune responses. This product is derived from Escherichia coli O55:B5.
    Lipopolysaccharides
  • HY-B0389
    D-Glucose 50-99-7 ≥98.0%
    D-Glucose (Glucose), a monosaccharide, is an important carbohydrate in biology. D-Glucose is a carbohydrate sweetener and critical components of the general metabolism, and serve as critical signaling molecules in relation to both cellular metabolic status and biotic and abiotic stress response.
    D-Glucose
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Galactose is a natural aldohexose and C-4 epimer of glucose.
    D-Galactose
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9
    Hyaluronic acid (corn fermented) is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-N7426
    3-Deoxyglucosone 4084-27-9
    3-Deoxyglucosone (3-Deoxy-D-glucosone) is a reactive intermediate of the Maillard reaction and the polyol pathway. 3-Deoxyglucosone rapidly reacts with protein amino groups to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs), such as imidazolone, it is the most specific AGE for 3-DG. 3-Deoxyglucosone synergizes with low glucose to potentiate GLP-1 secretion and is considered as a biomarker for diabetes.
    3-Deoxyglucosone
  • HY-W127758
    Alginic acid 9005-32-7
    Alginic acid is a natural polysaccharide, which has been widely concerned and applied due to its excellent water solubility, film formation, biodegradability and biocompatibility. Alginic acid induces oxidative stress-mediated hormone secretion disorder, apoptosis and autophagy in mouse granulosa cells and ovaries. Alginic acid has an inhibitory effect on histamine release. Anti-anaphylactic and anti-inflammatory properties.
    Alginic acid
  • HY-N10176
    D-Isofloridoside 23202-76-8
    D-Isofloridoside, one of the polysaccharide precursors, has the activity of scavenging free radicals, inhibiting ROS expression, and inhibiting MMP-2 and MMP-9.
    D-Isofloridoside
  • HY-101916
    Heparan Sulfate 9050-30-0
    Heparan sulfate, a complex and linear polysaccharide, exists as part of glycoproteins named heparan sulfate proteoglycans, which are expressed abundantly on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix.
    Heparan Sulfate
  • HY-I0400
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid 131-48-6 ≥98.0%
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid is a nine-carbon, sialic acid monosaccharide commonly found in glycoproteins on cell membranes and in glycolipids such as gangliosides in mammalian cells.
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid
  • HY-B0089
    Acarbose 56180-94-0 ≥98.0%
    Acarbose (BAY g 5421), antihyperglycemic agent, is an orally active alpha-glucosidase inhibitor (IC50=11 nM). Acarbose can potentiate the hypoglycemic effects of sulfonylureas or insulin.
    Acarbose
  • HY-N1132
    D-(+)-Trehalose 99-20-7 ≥98.0%
    D-(+)-Trehalose, isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, can be used as a food ingredient and pharmaceutical excipient.
    D-(+)-Trehalose
  • HY-113511
    Glycogen, Mussel 9005-79-2 ≥99.0%
    Glycogen is a glycolytic intermediates and high-energy phosphates that can serve as a form of energy storage in humans, animals, fungi, and bacteria.
    Glycogen, Mussel
  • HY-B0400
    D-Sorbitol 50-70-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Sorbitol (Sorbitol) is a six-carbon sugar alcohol and can used as a sugar substitute. D-Sorbitol can be used as a stabilizing excipient and/or isotonicity agent, sweetener, humectant, thickener and dietary supplement.
    D-Sorbitol
  • HY-B2162
    Chondroitin sulfate 9007-28-7
    Chondroitin sulfate, one of five classes of glycosaminoglycans, has been widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Chondroitin sulfate reduces inflammation mediators and the apoptotic process and is able to reduce protein production of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMPs.
    Chondroitin sulfate
  • HY-107201
    β-Cyclodextrin 7585-39-9 ≥98.0%
    β-Cyclodextrin is a cyclic polysaccharide composed of seven units of glucose (α-D-glucopyranose) linked by α-(1,4) type bonds. β-Cyclodextrin has often been used to enhance the solubility of drugs. β-Cyclodextrin has anti-influenza virus H1N1 activities.
    β-Cyclodextrin
  • HY-B0633
    Hyaluronic acid sodium 9067-32-7
    Hyaluronic acid sodium (Sodium hyaluronate) is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid sodium
  • HY-N0379
    D-Mannose 3458-28-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Mannose is a carbohydrate, which plays an important role in human metabolism, especially in the glycosylation of specific proteins.
    D-Mannose
  • HY-N0733
    Glucosamine hydrochloride 66-84-2 ≥98.0%
    Glucosamine hydrochloride (D-Glucosamine hydrochloride) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids, is used as a dietary supplement. Glucosamine hydrochloride also is a natural constituent of glycosaminoglycans in the cartilage matrix and synovial fluid, which when administered exogenously, exerts pharmacological effects on osteoarthritic cartilage and chondrocytes.
    Glucosamine hydrochloride
  • HY-B1779
    Sucrose 57-50-1 ≥98.0%
    Sucrose (D-(+)-Saccharose) is a disaccharide which is composed of two monosaccharides, glucose and fructose. Sucrose can be applied in some animal models, including metabolic disease, obesity, diet on preference, and diabetes, et al.
    Sucrose