1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog

Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog

Nucleoside analogues are molecules that act like nucleosides in DNA synthesis. They include a range of antiviral products used to prevent viral replication in infected cells. Nucleoside analogues can be used against hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, herpes simplex, and HIV. Once they are phosphorylated, they work as antimetabolites by being similar enough to nucleotidesto be incorporated into growing DNA strands. Less selective nucleoside analogues are used as chemotherapy agents to treat cancer, eg gemcitabine and 5-FU. Antimetabolite is a chemical that inhibits the use of a metabolite, which is another chemical that is part of normal metabolism. Such substances are often similar in structure to the metabolite that they interfere with, such as the antifolates that interfere with the use of folic acid. The presence of antimetabolites can have toxic effects on cells, such as halting cell growth and cell division, so these compounds are used as chemotherapy for cancer.

Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Related Products (65):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-90006
    5-Fluorouracil Inhibitor 99.86%
    5-Fluorouracil is a potent antitumor agent that affects pyrimidine synthesis by inhibiting thymidylate synthetase thus depleting intracellular dTTP pools.
  • HY-17026
    Gemcitabine Inhibitor 99.92%
    Gemcitabine (NSC 613327;LY188011) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor which inhibits the growth of BxPC-3, Mia Paca-2, PANC-1, PL-45 and AsPC-1 cells with IC50s of 37.6, 42.9, 92.7, 89.3 and 131.4 nM, respectively.
  • HY-10586
    5-Azacytidine Inhibitor 99.97%
    5-Azacytidine is a nucleoside analogue of cytidine that specifically inhibits DNA methylation by trapping DNA methyltransferases.
  • HY-13605
    Cytarabine 99.99%
    Cytarabine, a nucleoside analog, causes S phase cell cycle arrest and inhibits DNA polymerase. Cytarabine inhibits DNA synthesis with an IC50 of 16 nM.
  • HY-15910
    5-BrdU Inhibitor 99.99%
    5-BrdU is a nucleoside analog that competes with thymidine for incorporation into DNA. 5-BrdU is commonly used in the detection of proliferating cells.
  • HY-128671
    6-​Thioinosine 98.12%
    6-​Thioinosine (6TI) is a purine antimetabolite, acts as an anti-adipogenesis agent, downregulates mRNA levels of PPAR γ and C/EBPα, as well as PPAR γ target protein such as LPL, CD36, aP2, and LXRα.
  • HY-16445B
    CNDAC hydrochloride 99.53%
    CNDAC hydrochloride is a metabolite of the orally active agent sapacitabine, and a nucleoside analog.
  • HY-118047
    CI 972 (anhydrous) Inhibitor
    CI 972 anhydrous is a potent, orally active, and competitive inhibitor of purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) (Ki=0.83 μM) under development as a T cell-selective immunosuppressive agent.
  • HY-B0003
    Gemcitabine Hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.93%
    Gemcitabine (Hydrochloride) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor with IC50s of 37.6, 42.9, 92.7, 89.3 and 131.4 nM in BxPC-3, Mia Paca-2, PANC-1, PL-45 and AsPC-1 cells, respectively.
  • HY-B0016
    Capecitabine Inhibitor 99.97%
    Capecitabine is an oral prodrug that is converted to its active metabolite, 5-FU, by thymidine phosphorylase.
  • HY-16209
    Forodesine hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.86%
    Forodesine hydrochloride (BCX-1777) is a highly potent and specific purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) inhibitor. Forodesine hydrochloride could induce apoptosis in leukemic cells of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients by increasing the dGTP levels.
  • HY-B0069
    Fludarabine Inhibitor 99.28%
    Fludarabine (NSC 118218) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor, which also inhibits phosphorylation of STAT1.
  • HY-B0228
    Adenosine Chemical 99.84%
    Adenosine is a nucleoside composed of a molecule of adenine attached to a ribose sugar molecule (ribofuranose) moiety via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
  • HY-B0078
    Dacarbazine Inhibitor >98.0%
    Dacarbazine(DTIC-Dome; DTIC) is an antineoplastic agent.
  • HY-16478
    Trifluridine/tipiracil hydrochloride mixture Inhibitor 99.72%
    Trifluridine-tipiracil hydrochloride mixture (TAS-102) is a novel oral combination drug that consists of an antineoplastic thymidine-based nucleoside analog, trifluorothymidine, and a potent thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor, tipiracil, in a 1:0.5 molar ratio.
  • HY-B0097
    Floxuridine Inhibitor 99.93%
    Floxuridine (5-fluorodeoxyuridine) is an oncology drug that belongs to the class known as antimetabolites with an GI50 of 5.1 μM for the inhibition of PEPT1.
  • HY-10821
    Raltitrexed Inhibitor 99.21%
    Raltitrexed is an antimetabolite drug used in chemotherapy, acting by inhibiting thymidylate synthase.
  • HY-B0028
    Fludarabine phosphate Inhibitor >99.0%
    Fludarabine (phosphate) is an analogue of adenosine and deoxyadenosine, which is able to compete with dATP for incorporation into DNA and inhibit DNA synthesis.
  • HY-B1468
    8-Azaguanine Chemical >98.0%
    8-Azaguanine is a purine analogue which shows antineoplastic activity.
  • HY-A0061
    Trifluridine 99.69%
    Trifluridine (Trifluorothymidine; 5-Trifluorothymidine; TFT) is an irreversible thymidylate synthase inhibitor, and thereby suppresses DNA synthesis. Trifluridine is an antiviral drug for herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection.
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