1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog

Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog

Nucleoside analogues are molecules that act like nucleosides in DNA synthesis. They include a range of antiviral products used to prevent viral replication in infected cells. Nucleoside analogues can be used against hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, herpes simplex, and HIV. Once they are phosphorylated, they work as antimetabolites by being similar enough to nucleotidesto be incorporated into growing DNA strands. Less selective nucleoside analogues are used as chemotherapy agents to treat cancer, eg gemcitabine and 5-FU. Antimetabolite is a chemical that inhibits the use of a metabolite, which is another chemical that is part of normal metabolism. Such substances are often similar in structure to the metabolite that they interfere with, such as the antifolates that interfere with the use of folic acid. The presence of antimetabolites can have toxic effects on cells, such as halting cell growth and cell division, so these compounds are used as chemotherapy for cancer.

Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Related Products (80):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-90006
    5-Fluorouracil Inhibitor 99.86%
    5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is an analogue of uracil and a potent antitumor agent. 5-Fluorouracil affects pyrimidine synthesis by inhibiting thymidylate synthetase thus depleting intracellular dTTP pools. 5-Fluorouracil induces apoptosis and can be used as a chemical sensitizer. 5-Fluorouracil also inhibits HIV.
  • HY-17026
    Gemcitabine Inhibitor 99.92%
    Gemcitabine (LY 188011) is a pyrimidine nucleoside analog antimetabolite and an antineoplastic agent. Gemcitabine inhibits DNA synthesis and repair, resulting in autophagyand apoptosis.
  • HY-A0004
    Decitabine 99.99%
    Decitabine (NSC 127716) is a deoxycytidine analogue antimetabolite and a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor. Decitabine incorporates into DNA in place of cytosine can covalently trap DNA methyltransferase to DNA causing irreversible inhibition of the enzyme. Decitabine induces cell G2/M arrest and cell apoptosis. Decitabine has potent anticancer activity.
  • HY-10586
    5-Azacytidine 99.40%
    5-Azacytidine (Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin) is a nucleoside analogue of cytidine that specifically inhibits DNA methylation. 5-Azacytidine is incorporated into DNA to covalently trap DNA methyltransferases and contributes to reverse epigenetic changes. 5-Azacytidine induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-13605
    Cytarabine 99.99%
    Cytarabine, a nucleoside analog, causes S phase cell cycle arrest and inhibits DNA polymerase. Cytarabine inhibits DNA synthesis with an IC50 of 16 nM. Cytarabine has antiviral effects against HSV.
  • HY-106934
    Peldesine Inhibitor 98.06%
    Peldesine (BCX 34) is a potent, competitive, reversible and orally active purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) inhibitor with IC50s of 36 nM, 5 nM, and 32 nM for human, rat, and mouse red blood cell (RBC) PNP, respectively. Peldesine is also a T-cell proliferation inhibitor with an IC50 of 800 nM. Peldesine has the potential for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, psoriasis and HIV infection treatment.
  • HY-136650
    Fludarabine triphosphate
    Fludarabine triphosphate (F-ara-ATP), the cytotoxic metabolite of Fludarabine phosphate (HY-B0028), inhibits ribonucleotide reductase and DNA polymerase and ultimately leads to cellular apoptosis.
  • HY-13637A
    Ganciclovir sodium 98.46%
    Ganciclovir (BW 759) sodium, a nucleoside analogue and an orally active antiviral agent, shows activity against CMV. Ganciclovir sodium also has activity in vitro against members of the herpes group and some other DNA viruses. Ganciclovir sodium inhibits the in vitro replication of human herpes viruses (HSV 1 and 2, CMV) and adenovirus serotypes 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 19, 22 and 28. Ganciclovir sodium has an IC50 of 5.2 μM for feline herpesvirus type-1 (FHV-1).
  • HY-15910
    5-BrdU Inhibitor 99.96%
    5-BrdU (BrdU) is a nucleoside analog that competes with thymidine for incorporation into DNA. 5-BrdU is commonly used in the detection of proliferating cells.
  • HY-B0003
    Gemcitabine hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.93%
    Gemcitabine Hydrochloride (LY 188011 hydrochloride) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor which inhibits the growth of BxPC-3, Mia Paca-2, PANC-1, PL-45 and AsPC-1 cells with IC50s of 37.6, 42.9, 92.7, 89.3 and 131.4 nM, respectively.
  • HY-B0016
    Capecitabine Inhibitor 99.97%
    Capecitabine is an oral prodrug that is converted to its active metabolite, 5-FU, by thymidine phosphorylase.
  • HY-B0069
    Fludarabine Inhibitor 99.28%
    Fludarabine (NSC 118218) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor, which also inhibits phosphorylation of STAT1. Fludarabine, a pro-drug, is converted metabolically by dephosphorylation to the antimetabolite, F-ara-A.
  • HY-13637
    Ganciclovir 99.77%
    Ganciclovir (BW 759), a nucleoside analogue, is an orally active antiviral agent with activity against CMV. Ganciclovir also has activity in vitro against members of the herpes group and some other DNA viruses. Ganciclovir inhibits the in vitro replication of human herpes viruses (HSV 1 and 2, CMV) and adenovirus serotypes 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 19, 22 and 28. Ganciclovir has an IC50 of 5.2 μM for feline herpesvirus type-1 (FHV-1).
  • HY-16209
    Forodesine hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.86%
    Forodesine hydrochloride (BCX-1777 hydrochloride) is a highly potent and orally active purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) inhibitor with IC50 values ranging from 0.48 to 1.57 nM for human, mouse, rat, monkey and dog PNP. Forodesine hydrochloride is a potent human lymphocyte proliferation inhibitor. Forodesine hydrochloride could induce apoptosis in leukemic cells by increasing the dGTP levels.
  • HY-B0228
    Adenosine Chemical 99.92%
    Adenosine (Adenine riboside), a ubiquitous endogenous autacoid, acts through the enrollment of four G protein-coupled receptors: A1, A2A, A2B, and A3. Adenosine affects almost all aspects of cellular physiology, including neuronal activity, vascular function, platelet aggregation, and blood cell regulation.
  • HY-B0078
    Dacarbazine Inhibitor >98.0%
    Dacarbazine(DTIC-Dome; DTIC) is an antineoplastic agent.
  • HY-B0097
    Floxuridine Inhibitor 98.89%
    Floxuridine (5-Fluorouracil 2'-deoxyriboside) is a pyrimidine analog and known as an oncology antimetabolite. Floxuridine inhibits Poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase and induces DNA damage by activating the ATM and ATR checkpoint signaling pathways in vitro. Floxuridine is a extreamly potent inhibitor for S. aureus infection and induces cell apoptosis. Floxuridine has antiviral effects against HSV and CMV.
  • HY-16478
    Trifluridine/tipiracil hydrochloride mixture Inhibitor 99.72%
    Trifluridine-tipiracil hydrochloride mixture (TAS-102) is a novel oral combination drug that consists of an antineoplastic thymidine-based nucleoside analog, trifluorothymidine, and a potent thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor, tipiracil, in a 1:0.5 molar ratio.
  • HY-B1468
    8-Azaguanine Chemical >98.0%
    8-Azaguanine is a purine analogue which shows antineoplastic activity.
  • HY-B0028
    Fludarabine phosphate Inhibitor >99.0%
    Fludarabine (phosphate) is an analogue of adenosine and deoxyadenosine, which is able to compete with dATP for incorporation into DNA and inhibit DNA synthesis.
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