1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog

Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog

Nucleoside analogues are molecules that act like nucleosides in DNA synthesis. They include a range of antiviral products used to prevent viral replication in infected cells. Nucleoside analogues can be used against hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, herpes simplex, and HIV. Once they are phosphorylated, they work as antimetabolites by being similar enough to nucleotidesto be incorporated into growing DNA strands. Less selective nucleoside analogues are used as chemotherapy agents to treat cancer, eg gemcitabine and 5-FU. Antimetabolite is a chemical that inhibits the use of a metabolite, which is another chemical that is part of normal metabolism. Such substances are often similar in structure to the metabolite that they interfere with, such as the antifolates that interfere with the use of folic acid. The presence of antimetabolites can have toxic effects on cells, such as halting cell growth and cell division, so these compounds are used as chemotherapy for cancer.

Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Related Products (245):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-90006
    5-Fluorouracil
    Inhibitor 99.86%
    5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is an analogue of uracil and a potent antitumor agent. 5-Fluorouracil affects pyrimidine synthesis by inhibiting thymidylate synthetase thus depleting intracellular dTTP pools. 5-Fluorouracil induces apoptosis and can be used as a chemical sensitizer. 5-Fluorouracil also inhibits HIV.
  • HY-17026
    Gemcitabine
    Inhibitor 99.92%
    Gemcitabine (LY 188011) is a pyrimidine nucleoside analog antimetabolite and an antineoplastic agent. Gemcitabine inhibits DNA synthesis and repair, resulting in autophagyand apoptosis.
  • HY-A0004
    Decitabine
    99.97%
    Decitabine (NSC 127716) is an orally active deoxycytidine analogue antimetabolite and a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor. Decitabine incorporates into DNA in place of cytosine can covalently trap DNA methyltransferase to DNA causing irreversible inhibition of the enzyme. Decitabine induces cell G2/M arrest and cell apoptosis. Decitabine has potent anticancer activity.
  • HY-10586
    5-Azacytidine
    99.79%
    5-Azacytidine (Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin) is a nucleoside analogue of cytidine that specifically inhibits DNA methylation. 5-Azacytidine is incorporated into DNA to covalently trap DNA methyltransferases and contributes to reverse epigenetic changes. 5-Azacytidine induces cell autophagy.
  • HY-15910
    5-BrdU
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    5-BrdU (BrdU) is a nucleoside analog that competes with thymidine for incorporation into DNA. 5-BrdU is commonly used in the detection of proliferating cells.
  • HY-112582C
    N1-Methylpseudouridine-5′-triphosphate trisodium
    ≥98.0%
    N1-Methylpseudouridine-5′-triphosphate (1-Methylpseudouridine-5′-triphosphate) trisodium is a nucleobase-modified nucleotide, used for synthesizing mRNA with reduced immunogenicity and improved stability.
  • HY-W091784
    3'-O-Methylguanosine
    99.02%
    3'-O-Methylguanosine is a methylated nucleoside analogs and a RNA chain terminator. 3'-O-methylguanosine can inhibit early virus-specific RNA synthesis.
  • HY-136650A
    Fludarabine triphosphate trisodium
    Fludarabine triphosphate (F-ara-ATP) trisodium, the active metabolite of Fludarabine (HY-B0069), is a potent, noncompetitive and specific inhibitor of DNA primase, with an IC50 of 2.3 μM and a Ki of 6.1 μM. Fludarabine triphosphate trisodium inhibits DNA synthesis by blocking DNA primase and primer RNA formation. Fludarabine triphosphate trisodium inhibits ribonucleotide reductase and DNA polymerase and ultimately leads to cellular apoptosis.
  • HY-13605
    Cytarabine
    99.96%
    Cytarabine, a nucleoside analog, causes S phase cell cycle arrest and inhibits DNA polymerase. Cytarabine inhibits DNA synthesis with an IC50 of 16 nM. Cytarabine has antiviral effects against HSV. Cytarabine shows anti-orthopoxvirus activity.
  • HY-B0069
    Fludarabine
    Inhibitor 99.91%
    Fludarabine (NSC 118218) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor and a fluorinated purine analogue with antineoplastic activity in lymphoproliferative malignancies. Fludarabine inhibits the cytokine-induced activation of STAT1 and STAT1-dependent gene transcription in normal resting or activated lymphocytes.
  • HY-B0003
    Gemcitabine hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.93%
    Gemcitabine Hydrochloride (LY 188011 Hydrochloride) is a pyrimidine nucleoside analog antimetabolite and an antineoplastic agent. Gemcitabine Hydrochloride inhibits DNA synthesis and repair, resulting in autophagyand apoptosis.
  • HY-B0016
    Capecitabine
    Inhibitor 99.48%
    Capecitabine is an oral prodrug that is converted to its active metabolite, 5-FU, by thymidine phosphorylase.
  • HY-B0228
    Adenosine
    Chemical 99.92%
    Adenosine (Adenine riboside), a ubiquitous endogenous autacoid, acts through the enrollment of four G protein-coupled receptors: A1, A2A, A2B, and A3. Adenosine affects almost all aspects of cellular physiology, including neuronal activity, vascular function, platelet aggregation, and blood cell regulation.
  • HY-13637
    Ganciclovir
    99.77%
    Ganciclovir (BW 759), a nucleoside analogue, is an orally active antiviral agent with activity against CMV. Ganciclovir also has activity in vitro against members of the herpes group and some other DNA viruses. Ganciclovir inhibits the in vitro replication of human herpes viruses (HSV 1 and 2, CMV) and adenovirus serotypes 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 19, 22 and 28. Ganciclovir has an IC50 of 5.2 μM for feline herpesvirus type-1 (FHV-1) and can diffuse into the brain.
  • HY-B1449
    Uridine
    99.99%
    Uridine (β-Uridine) is a glycosylated pyrimidine-analog containing uracil attached to a ribose ring (or more specifically, aribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond.
  • HY-B0097
    Floxuridine
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Floxuridine (5-Fluorouracil 2'-deoxyriboside) is a pyrimidine analog and known as an oncology antimetabolite. Floxuridine inhibits Poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase and induces DNA damage by activating the ATM and ATR checkpoint signaling pathways in vitro. Floxuridine is a extreamly potent inhibitor for S. aureus infection and induces cell apoptosis. Floxuridine has antiviral effects against HSV and CMV.
  • HY-16209
    Forodesine hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.86%
    Forodesine hydrochloride (BCX-1777 hydrochloride) is a highly potent and orally active purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) inhibitor with IC50 values ranging from 0.48 to 1.57 nM for human, mouse, rat, monkey and dog PNP. Forodesine hydrochloride is a potent human lymphocyte proliferation inhibitor. Forodesine hydrochloride could induce apoptosis in leukemic cells by increasing the dGTP levels.
  • HY-B0078
    Dacarbazine
    Inhibitor 99.92%
    Dacarbazine is a cell cycle nonspecific antineoplastic alkylating agent. Dacarbazine inhibits T and B lymphoblastic response, with IC50 values of 50 and 10 μg/ml, respectively. Dacarbazine can be used for the research of metastatic malignant melanoma.
  • HY-13677
    6-Mercaptopurine
    Antagonist ≥98.0%
    6-Mercaptopurine is a purine analogue which acts as an antagonist of the endogenous purines and has been widely used as antileukemic agent and immunosuppressive drug.
  • HY-16478
    Trifluridine/tipiracil hydrochloride mixture
    Inhibitor 99.99%
    Trifluridine/tipiracil hydrochloride mixture (TAS-102) is a potent and orally active nucleoside antitumor agent. The composition of Trifluridine/tipiracil hydrochloride mixture (TAS-102) is a 1:0.5 mixture (on a molar basis) of alpha,alpha,alpha-tri-fluorothymidine (FTD) and thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor (TPI). Trifluridine/tipiracil hydrochloride mixture (TAS-102) shows the antitumor activity mainly via the inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS) and incorporation into DNA.