1. Natural Products
  2. Endogenous metabolites

Endogenous metabolites

Endogenous metabolites (1421):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin 53123-88-9 99.94%
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant.
    Rapamycin
  • HY-19312
    3-Methyladenine 5142-23-4 99.83%
    3-Methyladenine (3-MA) is a PI3K inhibitor. 3-Methyladenine is a widely used inhibitor of autophagy via its inhibitory effect on class III PI3K.
    3-Methyladenine
  • HY-13948
    Angiotensin II human 4474-91-3 99.48%
    Angiotensin II (Angiotensin II) is a vasoconstrictor and a major bioactive peptide of the renin/angiotensin system. Angiotensin II human plays a central role in regulating human blood pressure, which is mainly mediated by interactions between Angiotensin II and the G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and Angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R). Angiotensin II human stimulates sympathetic nervous stimulation, increases aldosterone biosynthesis and renal actions. Angiotensin II human induces growth of vascular smooth muscle cells, increases collagen type I and III synthesis in fibroblasts, leading to thickening of the vascular wall and myocardium, and fibrosis. Angiotensin II human also induces apoptosis. Angiotensin II induces capillary formation from endothelial cells via the LOX-1 dependent redox-sensitive pathway.
    Angiotensin II human
  • HY-13966
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose 154-17-6 ≥99.0%
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose is a glucose analog that acts as a competitive inhibitor of glucose metabolism, inhibiting glycolysis via its actions on hexokinase.
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose
  • HY-B2176
    ATP 56-65-5 99.62%
    ATP (Adenosine 5'-triphosphate) is a central component of energy storage and metabolism in vivo. ATP provides the metabolic energy to drive metabolic pumps and serves as a coenzyme in cells. ATP is an important endogenous signaling molecule in immunity and inflammation.
    ATP
  • HY-N0322A
    Cholesterol (Water Soluble)
    Cholesterol Water Soluble can be used for the research of the effects of cholesterol on the potassium currents in inner hair cells (IHCs). Cholesterol is an integral component of the cell membrane and regulates the activity of ion channels in the lipid bilayer.
    Cholesterol (Water Soluble)
  • HY-110385A
    cGAMP diammonium
    cGAMP (Cyclic GMP-AMPP) diammonium functions as an endogenous second messenger in metazoans and triggers interferon production in response to cytosolic DNA. cGAMP diammonium activates stimulator of interferon genes (STING), which activates a signaling cascade leading to the production of type I interferons and other immune mediators.
    cGAMP diammonium
  • HY-W018499
    (S)-2-Hydroxybutanoic acid 3347-90-8
    (S)-2-Hydroxybutanoic acid is the S-enantiomer of 2-Hydroxybutanoic acid. 2-Hydroxybutanoic acid, a coproduct of protein metabolism, is an insulin resistance (IR) biomarker.
    (S)-2-Hydroxybutanoic acid
  • HY-15144
    Trichostatin A 58880-19-6 99.58%
    Trichostatin A (TSA) is a potent and specific inhibitor of HDAC class I/II, with an IC50 value of 1.8 nM for HDAC.
    Trichostatin A
  • HY-14649
    Retinoic acid 302-79-4 99.74%
    Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A that plays important roles in cell growth, differentiation, and organogenesis. Retinoic acid is a natural agonist of RAR nuclear receptors, with IC50s of 14 nM for RARα/β/γ. Retinoic acid bind to PPARβ/δ with Kd of 17 nM. Retinoic acid acts as an inhibitor of transcription factor Nrf2 through activation of retinoic acid receptor alpha.
    Retinoic acid
  • HY-N0583
    Hydrocortisone 50-23-7 99.94%
    Hydrocortisone (Cortisol) is a steroid hormone or glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex.
    Hydrocortisone
  • HY-B0141
    Estradiol 50-28-2 99.99%
    Estradiol is a steroid sex hormone vital to the maintenance of fertility and secondary sexual characteristics in females. Estradiol upregulates IL-6 expression through the estrogen receptor β (ERβ) pathway.
    Estradiol
  • HY-B0150
    Nicotinamide 98-92-0 99.86%
    Nicotinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that plays essential roles in cell physiology through facilitating NAD+ redox homeostasis and providing NAD+ as a substrate to a class of enzymes that catalyze non-redox reactions. Nicotinamide is an inhibitor of SIRT1.
    Nicotinamide
  • HY-B0075
    Melatonin 73-31-4 99.73%
    Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland that can activates melatonin receptor. Melatonin plays a role in sleep and possesses important antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. Melatonin is a novel selective ATF-6 inhibitor and induces human hepatoma cell apoptosis through COX-2 downregulation. Melatonin attenuates palmitic acid-induced (HY-N0830) mouse granulosa cells apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum stress.
    Melatonin
  • HY-101952
    Prostaglandin E2 363-24-6 98.04%
    Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a hormone-like substance that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.
    Prostaglandin E2
  • HY-13605
    Cytarabine 147-94-4 99.96%
    Cytarabine, a nucleoside analog, causes S phase cell cycle arrest and inhibits DNA polymerase. Cytarabine inhibits DNA synthesis with an IC50 of 16 nM. Cytarabine has antiviral effects against HSV.
    Cytarabine
  • HY-N0830
    Palmitic acid 57-10-3 ≥98.0%
    Palmitic acid is a long-chain saturated fatty acid commonly found in both animals and plants. PA can induce the expression of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) in in mouse granulosa cells.
    Palmitic acid
  • HY-F0004
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide 1094-61-7 99.47%
    β-nicotinamide mononucleotide (β-NM) is a product of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) reaction and a key NAD+ intermediate. The pharmacological activities of β-nicotinamide mononucleotide include its role in cellular biochemical functions, cardioprotection, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and complications associated with obesity.
    β-Nicotinamide mononucleotide
  • HY-13653
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate 989-51-5 99.87%
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is a tea flavonoid with potent antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anticarcinogenic properties. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is reported to inhibit EGFR signaling and thereby exert anticancer effects. (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) is a glutamate dehydrogenase 1/2 (GDH1/2, GLUD1/2) inhibitor. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate induces oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) by activating cytochrome c oxidase.
    (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate
  • HY-N0162
    Luteolin 491-70-3 98.42%
    Luteolin (Luteoline), a flavanoid compound, is a potent Nrf2 inhibitor. Luteolin has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer properties, including the induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, and the inhibition of metastasis and angiogenesis, in several cancer cell lines, including human non-small lung cancer cells.
    Luteolin