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  2. Nervous System Disease Models Organoid Prostaglandin Receptor Endogenous Metabolite
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  4. Prostaglandin E2

Prostaglandin E2  (Synonyms: PGE2; Dinoprostone)

Cat. No.: HY-101952 Purity: 99.74%
COA Handling Instructions

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a hormone-like substance that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Prostaglandin E2 Chemical Structure

Prostaglandin E2 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 363-24-6

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Solid + Solvent
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 65 In-stock
Solid
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5 mg USD 84 In-stock
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50 mg USD 456 In-stock
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Customer Review

Based on 24 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Prostaglandin E2:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a hormone-like substance that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.

IC50 & Target[1]

EP

 

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

In Vitro

PGE2 shows inhibition of IL 2 production in the mixture of irradiated and nonirradiated T lymphocytes. PGE2 (0.1-10 μM) dose-dependently inhibits the production of IL 2. PGE2 acts during the inductive phase of activation of suppressor cells. Preincubation of T lymphocytes with PGE2 induces cells that suppress IL 2 production and PHA proliferation[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Prostaglandin E2 can be used in animal modeling to construct a rat pain model.

PGE2 (0.3 μg/k, i.p.) significantly reduces the number of peritoneab macrophages undergoing phagocytosis of the methacrybate microbeads in rats[2]. PGE2 (0.1 mg/min, i.a.) increases renal blood flow. PGE2 produces a biphasic change in renal vascular resistance, vasodilatation starts at 0.01 mg/min and is maximal at about 3 mg/min, while at the highest dose used (20 mg/min) PGE2 induces renal vasoconstriction[3].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

352.47

Formula

C20H32O5

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

CCCCC[C@H](O)/C=C/[C@@H]1[C@H](C(C[C@H]1O)=O)C/C=C\CCCC(O)=O

Structure Classification
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
In solvent -80°C 2 years
-20°C 1 year
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (283.71 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.8371 mL 14.1856 mL 28.3712 mL
5 mM 0.5674 mL 2.8371 mL 5.6742 mL
10 mM 0.2837 mL 1.4186 mL 2.8371 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (7.09 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (7.09 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (7.09 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.74%

References
Cell Assay
[1]

Lymphocytes in CM (1×106 cells/mL) are ditributed in microculture plates (100 μL) in triplicate in the presence of PGE-treated T cells or medium-treated T cells and stimulated with PHA-P at various mitogenic doses. After 72 hr, cultures are pulsed with 1 μCi [3H]thymidine per well (specific activity 5 Ci/mM) for 16 to 18 hr, collected with amicroprecipltator, dried, and counted in a liquid scintillation counter.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Male Sprague Dawley rats (200-250 g) are used throughout the study. For 3 consecutive days rats in the experimental groups receive a daily intraperitoneal injection of either PGE2 (0.3 μg/kg body weight (BW)), the prostaglandin inhibitor mecbofenamate (10 mg/kg BW) or the prostaglandin precursor arachidonic acid (0.3 μg/ kg BW). To determine whether or not 0.3 μg/kg BW of a fatty acid produces nonspecific effects, the biologically inactive fatty acid 11, 14, 17-eicosatrienoic acid is also administered to a group of rats. Rats in the control group receive an equivalent volume (2.0 mL/kg BW) of the vehicle. On the third day, 3 mL of a suspension containing 1.2×106 fluorescent methacrylate microbeads/mL of PBS are injected intraperitoneally (ip) into each rat. Six hours later all animals are given ip a regular dose of their respective treatment. Peritoneal exudate cells are harvested 19-22 hr later.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Product Name:
Prostaglandin E2
Cat. No.:
HY-101952
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