1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. FABP

FABP

Fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) are members of the intracellular lipid-binding protein (iLBP) family and are involved in reversibly binding intracellular hydrophobic ligands and trafficking them throughout cellular compartments, including the peroxisomes, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and nucleus. FABPs have broad specificity, including the ability to bind long-chain (C16-C20) fatty acids, eicosanoids, bile salts and peroxisome proliferators. FABPs demonstrate strong evolutionary conservation and are present in a spectrum of species including Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, mouse and human.

FABPs are widely expressed throughout the body and play an integral role in a multitude of physiological processes such as lipid metabolism, inflammation and neuronal signaling. FABPs of the mammalian central and peripheral nervous systems have been shown to facilitate the intracellular transport of NAEs, particularly the endocannabinoid arachidonoyl ethanolamide (anandamide, AEA), as well as catabolism by the endoplasmic reticulum-localized enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH).

Most mammals produce 12 distinct subtypes of FABPs, although humans produce up to 10. These include liver-(L-FABP, FABP1), intestine-(I-FABP, FABP2), heart-(H-FABP, FABP3), adipocyte-(A-FABP, FABP4), epidermal-(E-FABP, FABP5), ileal-(Il-FABP, FABP6), brain-(B-FABP, FABP7), myelin-(M-FABP, FABP8), testis-(T-FABP, FABP9) and FABP12, and three of which are expressed in the brain, including FABP3, FABP5 and FABP7.

FABPs have diverse and highly specified roles in regulating the metabolism and actions of the ligands they bind. They are important targets for drug development and therapy for many metabolic diseases.

FABP Related Products (5):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-101903
    BMS-309403 Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    BMS-309403 is a potent, orally active and selective adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (also known as FABP4, aP2) inhibitor with Kis of <2, 250, and 350 nM for FABP4, FABP3, and FABP5, respectively. BMS-309403 interacts with the fatty-acid-binding pocket within the interior of the protein and competitively inhibits the binding of endogenous fatty acids. BMS-309403 improves endothelial function in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice and in cultured human endothelial cells.
  • HY-101903A
    BMS-309403 sodium Inhibitor 98.73%
    BMS-309403 sodium is a potent, orally active, and selective adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (also known as FABP4, aP2) inhibitor, with Kis of <2, 250, and 350 nM for FABP4, FABP3, and FABP5, respectively. BMS-309403 sodium interacts with the fatty-acid-binding pocket within the interior of the protein and competitively inhibits the binding of endogenous fatty acids. BMS-309403 sodium improves endothelial function in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice and in cultured human endothelial cells.
  • HY-129910
    FABP5-IN-1 Inhibitor 98.57%
    FABP5-IN-1 is a selective and high affinity fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5) inhibitor with a Ki value of 1.7 μM, and does not bind to both FABP3 and FABP7. FABP5-IN-1 shows potent antinociceptive effects.
  • HY-101503
    HTS01037 Antagonist 99.76%
    HTS01037 is an inhibitor of fatty acid binding; and a competitive antagonist of protein-protein interactions mediated by AFABP/aP2 with a Ki of 0.67 μM.
  • HY-129911
    FABP-IN-1 Inhibitor 98.20%
    FABP-IN-1 (Compounds 4b) is a high affinity fatty acid binding protein (FABP) inhibitor. FABP-IN-1 inhibits FABP3, FABP5, and FABP7 with Ki values of 0.69 μM, 0.55 μM and 0.67 μM, respectively. FABP-IN-1 displays potent antinociceptive effects.
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