1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Anti-infection
  3. SARS-CoV

SARS-CoV

SARS coronavirus

SARS-CoV is the coronavirus (CoV) that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). CoVs are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA and can cause health-threatening outbreaks by targeting human respiratory system, including not only SARS, but also Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and SARS-CoV-2 (the cause of COVID-19).

CoVs have four main structural proteins: spike(S), membrane (M), envelope (E), and nucleocapsid (N) proteins. An S protein mediates the CoV entry into host cells by attaching to a cellular receptor (ACE2 for SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, DPP4 for MERS-CoV), followed by fusion between virus and host cell membranes. Genome replication and subgenomic RNA transcription after entry carry on with the participation of many nonstructural proteins such as Mpro (main protease or 3CLpro), PLpro (papain-like protease) and RdRp (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase). Then the structural proteins are translated, assembled into mature virions, and released via vesicles by exocytosis. It is worth mentioning that a protease called TMPRSS2 (transmembrane protease, serine 2) play important roles throughout the whole life of CoVs (such as attachment, assembling and release) by cleaving S protein. All the proteins and subcellular structures participated in the life cycle of CoVs are promising targets for treatment of disease caused by CoVs.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine
    Inhibitor 99.98%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-14648
    Dexamethasone
    Inhibitor 99.86%
    Dexamethasone (Hexadecadrol) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist. Dexamethasone also significantly decreases CD11b, CD18, and CD62L expression on neutrophils, and CD11b and CD18 expression on monocytes. Dexamethasone is highly effective in the control of COVID-19 infection. Dexamethasone inhibits production of exosomes containing inflammatory microRNA-155 in lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophage inflammatory responses.
  • HY-13433
    Thapsigargin
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Thapsigargin, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer, is an inhibitor of microsomal Ca2+-ATPase. Thapsigargin efficiently inhibits coronavirus (HCoV-229E, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2) replication in different cell types.
  • HY-135853
    Molnupiravir
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Molnupiravir (EIDD-2801) is an orally bioavailable prodrug of the ribonucleoside analog EIDD-1931. Molnupiravir has broad spectrum antiviral activity against influenza virus and multiple coronaviruses, such as SARS-CoV-2, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV. Molnupiravir has the potential for the research of COVID-19, and seasonal and pandemic influenza.
  • HY-138687
    Nirmatrelvir
    Inhibitor 99.83%
    Nirmatrelvir (PF-07321332) is a potent and orally active SARS-CoV 3C-like protease (3CLPRO) inhibitor. Nirmatrelvir (PF-07321332) targets to the SARS-CoV-2 virus and can be used for COVID-19 research.
  • HY-144770
    SARS-CoV-2-IN-13
    Inhibitor 98.90%
    SARS-CoV-2-IN-13 (compound 5) is a potent inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 with an IC50 of 0.057 μM. SARS-CoV-2-IN-13 is a niclosamide analogue. SARS-CoV-2-IN-13 contains higher stability in human plasma and liver S9 enzymes assay than niclosamide, which can improve bioavailability and half-life when administered orally.
  • HY-121620
    Monolaurin
    Inhibitor
    Monolaurin (1-Monolaurin) possesses anti-viral and anti-bacterial activity.
  • HY-145119AS
    VV116
    Inhibitor 99.37%
    VV116 (JT001) is an orally active nucleoside antiviral agent against SARS-CoV-2 and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. VV116 has favorable oral bioavailability, excellent in vitro antiviral activity and selectivity.
  • HY-15463
    Imatinib
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Imatinib (STI571) is an orally bioavailable tyrosine kinases inhibitor that selectively inhibits BCR/ABL, v-Abl, PDGFR and c-kit kinase activity. Imatinib (STI571) works by binding close to the ATP binding site, locking it in a closed or self-inhibited conformation, therefore inhibiting the enzyme activity of the protein semicompetitively. Imatinib also is an inhibitor of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.
  • HY-138170
    ALC-0315
    ≥98.0%
    ALC-0315 is an ionisable aminolipid that is responsible for mRNA compaction and aids mRNA cellular delivery and its cytoplasmic release through suspected endosomal destabilization. ALC-0315 can be used to form lipid nanoparticle (LNP) delivery vehicles. Lipid-Nanoparticles have been used in the research of mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.
  • HY-104077
    Remdesivir
    Inhibitor 99.78%
    Remdesivir (GS-5734), a nucleoside analogue with effective antiviral activity, has EC50s of 3.3 μM, 4.7 μM, 32 μM, 3.7 μM and 9.2 μM for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants alpha, beta, gamma and delta, respectively. Remdesivir is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro.
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-100229
    Aloxistatin
    Inhibitor 99.55%
    Aloxistatin (E64d) is a cell-permeable and irreversible broad-spectrum cysteine protease inhibitor. Aloxistatin (E64d) exhibits entry-blocking effect for MERS-CoV.
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate
    Inhibitor 99.99%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial agent which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
  • HY-B0180
    Imiquimod
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    Imiquimod (R 837), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
  • HY-100442
    Paquinimod
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Paquinimod (ABR 25757) is a specific inhibitor of S100A8/S100A9. Paquinimod rescues the pneumonia with substantial reduction of viral loads in SARS-CoV-2-infected mice.
  • HY-108325
    Brequinar
    Inhibitor 99.75%
    Brequinar (DUP785) is a potent inhibitor of dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) with an IC50 of 5.2 nM for human DHODH. Brequinar has potent activities against a broad spectrum of viruses. Brequinar also has an anti-SARS2 activity.
  • HY-103586
    GS-441524
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    GS-441524, predominant metabolite of Remdesivir and superior to Remdesivir against Covid-19 , shows comparable efficacy in cell-based models of primary human lung and cat cells infected with coronavirus. GS-441524 could strongly inhibits feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV), with an EC50 of 0.78 μM.
  • HY-15310
    Ivermectin
    Inhibitor 98.01%
    Ivermectin (MK-933) is a broad-spectrum anti-parasite agent. Ivermectin (MK-933) is a specific inhibitor of Impα/β1-mediated nuclear import and has potent antiviral activity towards both HIV-1 and dengue virus. It is a positive allosteric effector of P2X4 and the α7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs). Ivermectin also inhibits bovine herpesvirus1 (BoHV-1) replication and inhibits BoHV-1 DNA polymerase nuclear import. Ivermectin is a candidate therapeutic against SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19.
  • HY-13512
    Camostat mesylate
    Inhibitor 99.97%
    Camostat mesylate (Camostat mesilate) is an orally active, synthetic serine protease inhibitor for chronic pancreatitis. Camostat mesylate, an inhibitor of TMPRSS2, shows antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2. Camostat mesylate also inhibits the activity of prostasin, trypsin, and matriptase.
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Species Source