1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Anti-infection
  3. SARS-CoV

SARS-CoV

SARS-CoV is the coronavirus (CoV) that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). CoVs are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA and can cause health-threatening outbreaks by targeting human respiratory system, including not only SARS, but also Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and lastly coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19, or SARS-CoV-2).

CoVs have four main structural proteins: spike(S), membrane (M), envelope (E), and nucleocapsid (N) proteins. An S protein mediates the CoV entry into host cells by attaching to a cellular receptor (ACE2 for SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, DPP4 for MERS-CoV), followed by fusion between virus and host cell membranes. Genome replication and subgenomic RNA transcription after entry carry on with the participation of many nonstructural proteins such as Mpro (main protease or 3CLpro), PLpro (papain-like protease) and RdRp (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase). Then the structural proteins are translated, assembled into mature virions, and released via vesicles by exocytosis. It is worth mentioning that a protease called TMPRSS2 (transmembrane protease, serine 2) play important roles throughout the whole life of CoVs (such as attachment, assembling and release) by cleaving S protein. All the proteins and subcellular structures participated in the life cycle of CoVs are promising targets for treatment of disease caused by CoVs.

SARS-CoV Related Products (66):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-104077
    Remdesivir Inhibitor 99.74%
    Remdesivir (GS-5734), a nucleoside analogue with effective antiviral activity, has EC50s of 74 nM for SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV in HAE cells, and 30 nM for murine hepatitis virus in delayed brain tumor cells. Remdesivir is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro.
  • HY-14648
    Dexamethasone Inhibitor 99.86%
    Dexamethasone (Hexadecadrol) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist. Dexamethasone also significantly decreases CD11b, CD18, and CD62L expression on neutrophils, and CD11b and CD18 expression on monocytes. Dexamethasone is highly effective in the control of COVID-19 infection.
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate Inhibitor 99.99%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial drug which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
  • HY-14768
    Favipiravir Inhibitor 99.92%
    Favipiravir (T-705) is a novel viral RNA polymerase inhibitor, it is phosphoribosylated by cellular enzymes to its active form, Favipiravir-ribofuranosyl-5′-triphosphate (RTP). Favipiravir-RTP inhibits the influenza viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) activity with IC50 of 341 nM.
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine Inhibitor 99.15%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-103586
    GS-441524 Inhibitor 99.77%
    GS-441524, predominant metabolite of Remdesivir and superior to Remdesivir against Covid-19 , shows comparable efficacy in cell-based models of primary human lung and cat cells infected with coronavirus. GS-441524 could strongly inhibits feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV), with an EC50 of 0.78 μM.
  • HY-15463
    Imatinib Inhibitor 99.80%
    Imatinib (STI571) is an orally bioavailable tyrosine kinases inhibitor that selectively inhibits BCR/ABL, v-Abl, PDGFR and c-kit kinase activity. Imatinib (STI571) works by binding close to the ATP binding site, locking it in a closed or self-inhibited conformation, therefore inhibiting the enzyme activity of the protein semicompetitively. Imatinib also is an inhibitor of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.
  • HY-100229
    Aloxistatin Inhibitor 98.22%
    Aloxistatin (E64d) is a cell-permeable and irreversible broad-spectrum cysteine protease inhibitor. Aloxistatin (E64d) exhibits entry-blocking effect for MERS-CoV.
  • HY-13512
    Camostat mesylate Inhibitor 99.25%
    Camostat mesylate (Camostat mesilate) is an orally active, synthetic serine protease inhibitor for chronic pancreatitis. Camostat mesylate, an inhibitor of TMPRSS2, shows antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2. Camostat mesylate also inhibits the activity of prostasin, trypsin, and matriptase.
  • HY-14588
    Lopinavir Inhibitor 99.97%
    Lopinavir is a potent HIV protease inhibitor with Ki of 1.3 pM.
  • HY-15310
    Ivermectin Inhibitor >98.0%
    Ivermectin (MK-933) is a broad-spectrum anti-parasite agent. Ivermectin (MK-933) is a specific inhibitor of Impα/β1-mediated nuclear import and has potent antiviral activity towards both HIV-1 and dengue virus. It is a positive allosteric effector of P2X4 and the α7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs). Ivermectin also inhibits bovine herpesvirus1 (BoHV-1) replication and inhibits BoHV-1 DNA polymerase nuclear import. Ivermectin is a candidate therapeutic against SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19.
  • HY-117043
    GRL0617 Inhibitor 99.78%
    GRL0617 is a potent, selective and competitive noncovalent inhibitor of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) papain-like protease (PLpro)/deubiquitinase, with an IC50 of 0.6 μM, and with a Ki of 0.49 μM.
  • HY-B0190A
    Nafamostat mesylate Inhibitor 99.97%
    Nafamostat mesylate, a synthetic serine protease inhibitor, is an anticoagulant. Nafamostat mesylate supresses T cell auto-reactivity by decreasing granzyme activity and CTL cytolysis. Nafamostat mesylate blocks activation of SARS-CoV-2..
  • HY-14393
    Emodin Inhibitor 99.39%
    Emodin (Frangula emodin) is a broad-spectrum anticancer agent. Emodin inhibits casein kinase II (CKII) activity with IC50 of 2 μM. Emodin blocks the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
  • HY-B0260
    Methylprednisolone Inhibitor 99.67%
    Methylprednisolone is a synthetic corticosteroid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. Methylprednisolone improve severe or critical COVID-19 by activating ACE2 and reducing IL-6 levels.
  • HY-18649A
    Galidesivir Inhibitor 99.29%
    Galidesivir (BCX4430) is a viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) inhibitor. Galidesivir inhibits SARS-CoV-2 by tightly bindind to its RdRp.
  • HY-13765
    6-Thioguanine Inhibitor >98.0%
    6-Thioguanine (Thioguanine; 2-Amino-6-purinethiol) is an anti-leukemia and immunosuppressant agent, acts as an inhibitor of SARS and MERS coronavirus papain-like proteases (PLpros) and also potently inhibits USP2 activity, with IC50s of 25 μM and 40 μM for Plpros and recombinant human USP2, respectively.
  • HY-17470
    Mizoribine Inhibitor 99.98%
    Mizoribine (NSC 289637), an imidazole nucleoside, inhibits HCV RNA replication with IC50 of approximately 100 μM for anti-HCV activity. Immunosuppressant. Mizoribine, an IMPDH inhibitor, inhibits replication of SARS-CoV with IC50s of 3.5 μg/mL and 16 μg/mL for SARS-CoV Frankfurt-1 and SARS-CoV HKU39849, respectively.
  • HY-126303
    GS-443902 Inhibitor 99.87%
    GS-443902 (GS-441524 triphosphate) is a potent viral RNA-dependent RNA-polymerases (RdRp) inhibitor with IC50s of 1.1 µM, 5 µM for RSV RdRp and HCV RdRp, respectively. GS-443902 is the active triphosphate metabolite of Remdesivir.
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