1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Anti-infection
  3. SARS-CoV

SARS-CoV

SARS-CoV is the coronavirus (CoV) that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). CoVs are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA and can cause health-threatening outbreaks by targeting human respiratory system, including not only SARS, but also Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and SARS-CoV-2 (the cause of COVID-19).

CoVs have four main structural proteins: spike(S), membrane (M), envelope (E), and nucleocapsid (N) proteins. An S protein mediates the CoV entry into host cells by attaching to a cellular receptor (ACE2 for SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, DPP4 for MERS-CoV), followed by fusion between virus and host cell membranes. Genome replication and subgenomic RNA transcription after entry carry on with the participation of many nonstructural proteins such as Mpro (main protease or 3CLpro), PLpro (papain-like protease) and RdRp (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase). Then the structural proteins are translated, assembled into mature virions, and released via vesicles by exocytosis. It is worth mentioning that a protease called TMPRSS2 (transmembrane protease, serine 2) play important roles throughout the whole life of CoVs (such as attachment, assembling and release) by cleaving S protein. All the proteins and subcellular structures participated in the life cycle of CoVs are promising targets for treatment of disease caused by CoVs.

SARS-CoV Related Products (168):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine
    Inhibitor 99.50%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-14648
    Dexamethasone
    Inhibitor 99.86%
    Dexamethasone (Hexadecadrol) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist. Dexamethasone also significantly decreases CD11b, CD18, and CD62L expression on neutrophils, and CD11b and CD18 expression on monocytes. Dexamethasone is highly effective in the control of COVID-19 infection. Dexamethasone inhibits production of exosomes containing inflammatory microRNA-155 in lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophage inflammatory responses.
  • HY-104077
    Remdesivir
    Inhibitor 99.78%
    Remdesivir (GS-5734), a nucleoside analogue with effective antiviral activity, has EC50s of 74 nM for SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV in HAE cells, and 30 nM for murine hepatitis virus in delayed brain tumor cells. Remdesivir is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro.
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial agent which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
  • HY-137958A
    Bemnifosbuvir
    Inhibitor
    Bemnifosbuvir (AT-511) is a potent and orally active HCV viral replication inhibitor. Bemnifosbuvir is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC90=0.47 μM). Bemnifosbuvir has pangenotypic antiviral activity.
  • HY-137048
    PF-00835231
    Inhibitor 98.58%
    PF-00835231 is a CoV-2 cysteine 3C-like protease (3CLpro) inhibitor, with IC50s of 0.27 nM and 4 nM for SARS CoV-2 and SARS CoV-1 3CLpro, respectively. PF-00835231 is developed for the research of anti-SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19.
  • HY-138067
    SSAA09E2
    Inhibitor 98.17%
    SSAA09E2 is an inhibitor of SARS-CoV (Severe acute respiratory syndrome-Coronavirus) replication, acting by blocking early interactions of SARS-S with the receptor for SARS-CoV, Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-2 (ACE2) .
  • HY-135853
    Molnupiravir
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Molnupiravir (EIDD-2801) is an orally bioavailable prodrug of the ribonucleoside analog EIDD-1931. Molnupiravir has broad spectrum antiviral activity against influenza virus and multiple coronaviruses, such as SARS-CoV-2, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV. Molnupiravir has the potential for the research of COVID-19, and seasonal and pandemic influenza.
  • HY-15463
    Imatinib
    Inhibitor 99.54%
    Imatinib (STI571) is an orally bioavailable tyrosine kinases inhibitor that selectively inhibits BCR/ABL, v-Abl, PDGFR and c-kit kinase activity. Imatinib (STI571) works by binding close to the ATP binding site, locking it in a closed or self-inhibited conformation, therefore inhibiting the enzyme activity of the protein semicompetitively. Imatinib also is an inhibitor of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.
  • HY-14768
    Favipiravir
    Inhibitor 99.98%
    Favipiravir (T-705) is a potent viral RNA polymerase inhibitor, it is phosphoribosylated by cellular enzymes to its active form, Favipiravir-ribofuranosyl-5′-triphosphate (RTP). Favipiravir-RTP inhibits the influenza viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) activity with an IC50 of 341 nM.
  • HY-103586
    GS-441524
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    GS-441524, predominant metabolite of Remdesivir and superior to Remdesivir against Covid-19 , shows comparable efficacy in cell-based models of primary human lung and cat cells infected with coronavirus. GS-441524 could strongly inhibits feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV), with an EC50 of 0.78 μM.
  • HY-100229
    Aloxistatin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Aloxistatin (E64d) is a cell-permeable and irreversible broad-spectrum cysteine protease inhibitor. Aloxistatin (E64d) exhibits entry-blocking effect for MERS-CoV.
  • HY-13433
    Thapsigargin
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Thapsigargin, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer, is an inhibitor of microsomal Ca2+-ATPase. Thapsigargin efficiently inhibits coronavirus (HCoV-229E, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2) replication in different cell types.
  • HY-13512
    Camostat mesylate
    Inhibitor 99.97%
    Camostat mesylate (Camostat mesilate) is an orally active, synthetic serine protease inhibitor for chronic pancreatitis. Camostat mesylate, an inhibitor of TMPRSS2, shows antiviral activity against SARS-CoV-2. Camostat mesylate also inhibits the activity of prostasin, trypsin, and matriptase.
  • HY-B0180
    Imiquimod
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    Imiquimod (R 837), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
  • HY-15310
    Ivermectin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Ivermectin (MK-933) is a broad-spectrum anti-parasite agent. Ivermectin (MK-933) is a specific inhibitor of Impα/β1-mediated nuclear import and has potent antiviral activity towards both HIV-1 and dengue virus. It is a positive allosteric effector of P2X4 and the α7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs). Ivermectin also inhibits bovine herpesvirus1 (BoHV-1) replication and inhibits BoHV-1 DNA polymerase nuclear import. Ivermectin is a candidate therapeutic against SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19.
  • HY-B1123
    Auranofin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Auranofin (SKF-39162) is a thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.2 μM. Auranofin exhibits antiviral activity against SARS-CoV21, with a CC50 of 4.2 μM for monkey kidney Vero E6 cells.
  • HY-125033
    EIDD-1931
    Inhibitor 99.73%
    EIDD-1931 (Beta-d-N4-hydroxycytidine; NHC) is a novel nucleoside analog and behaves as a potent anti-virus agent. EIDD-1931 effectively inhibits the replication activity of venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV), Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV).
  • HY-90001
    Ritonavir
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Ritonavir (ABT 538) is an inhibitor of HIV protease used to treat HIV infection and AIDS. Ritonavir is also a SARS-CoV 3CLpro inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.61 μM.
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