1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR)

HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR)

HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) is the rate-limiting enzyme for cholesterol synthesis in the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonate. HMGCR is found in eukaryotes and prokaryotes. The phylogenetic analysis has revealed two classes of HMG-CoA reductase, the Class I enzymes of eukaryotes and some archaea and the Class II enzymes of eubacteria and certain other archaea.

Both in eukaryotes and in archaebacteria the enzyme HMGCR is known to catalyze an early reaction unique to isoprenoid biosynthesis. In humans, the HMG-CoA reductase reaction is rate-limiting for the biosynthesis of cholesterol and therefore constitutes a prime target of drugs that reduce serum cholesterol levels.

HMG-CoA Reductase (HMGCR) Related Products (62):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17502
    Simvastatin
    Inhibitor 99.45%
    Simvastatin (MK 733) is a competitive inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase with a Ki of 0.2 nM.
  • HY-B0589
    Atorvastatin
    Inhibitor 99.51%
    Atorvastatin is an orally active HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, has the ability to effectively decrease blood lipids. Atorvastatin inhibits human SV-SMC proliferation and invasion with IC50s of 0.39 μM and 2.39 μM, respectively.
  • HY-N0504
    Lovastatin
    Inhibitor 99.93%
    Lovastatin is a cell-permeable HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower cholesterol.
  • HY-17504
    Rosuvastatin Calcium
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Rosuvastatin Calcium is a competitive HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 11 nM. Rosuvastatin Calcium potently blocks hERG current with an IC50 of 195 nM. Rosuvastatin Calcium reduces the expression of the mature hERG and the interaction of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) with the hERG protein. Rosuvastatin Calcium effectively lowers low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and C-reactive protein levels.
  • HY-14664A
    Fluvastatin sodium
    Inhibitor 99.90%
    Fluvastatin sodium (XU 62320) is a first fully synthetic, competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM. Fluvastatin sodium protects vascular smooth muscle cells against oxidative stress through the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant pathway.
  • HY-B0589E
    Atorvastatin hemicalcium trihydrate
    Inhibitor
    Atorvastatin hemicalcium trihydrate is an orally active HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, has the ability to effectively decrease blood lipids. Atorvastatin hemicalcium trihydrate inhibits human SV-SMC proliferation and invasion with IC50s of 0.39 μM and 2.39 μM, respectively.
  • HY-17504B
    Rosuvastatin Sodium
    Inhibitor
    Rosuvastatin Sodium is a competitive HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 11 nM. Rosuvastatin Sodium potently blocks hERG current with an IC50 of 195 nM. Rosuvastatin Sodium reduces the expression of the mature hERG and the interaction of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) with the hERG protein. Rosuvastatin Sodium effectively lowers low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and C-reactive protein levels.
  • HY-B0144B
    Pitavastatin sodium
    Inhibitor
    Pitavastatin (NK-104) sodium is a potent hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor. Pitavastatin sodium inhibits cholesterol synthesis from acetic acid with an IC50 of 5.8 nM in HepG2 cells. Pitavastatin sodium is an efficient hepatocyte low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) receptor inducer. Pitavastatin sodium also possesses anti-atherosclerotic, anti-asthmatic, anti-osteoarthritis, antineoplastic, neuroprotective, hepatoprotective and reno-protective effects.
  • HY-B0144
    Pitavastatin Calcium
    Inhibitor 99.45%
    Pitavastatin Calcium (NK-104 hemicalcium) is a potent hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor. Pitavastatin Calcium (NK-104 hemicalcium) inhibits cholesterol synthesis from acetic acid with an IC50 of 5.8 nM in HepG2 cells. Pitavastatin Calcium is an efficient hepatocyte low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) receptor inducer. Pitavastatin Calcium also possesses anti-atherosclerotic, anti-asthmatic, anti-osteoarthritis, antineoplastic, neuroprotective, hepatoprotective and reno-protective effects.
  • HY-17408
    Mevastatin
    Inhibitor 99.20%
    Mevastatin (Compactin) is a first HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor that belongs to the statins class. Mevastatin is a lipid-lowering agent, and induces apoptosis, arrests cancer cells in G0/G1 phase. Mevastatin also increases endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) mRNA and protein levels. Mevastatin has antitumor activity and has the potential for cardiovascular diseases treatment.
  • HY-17379
    Atorvastatin hemicalcium salt
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Atorvastatin hemicalcium salt (CI-981) is an orally active 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, has the ability to effectively decrease blood lipids. Atorvastatin hemicalcium salt inhibits human SV-SMC proliferation and invasion with IC50s of 0.39 μM and 2.39 μM, respectively.
  • HY-B0165A
    Pravastatin sodium
    Inhibitor 99.49%
    Pravastatin sodium (CS-514 sodium) is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor against sterol synthesis with IC50 of 5.6 μM.
  • HY-100793
    SR12813
    Inhibitor 99.39%
    SR12813 (GW 485801) is an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, with an IC50 value of 0.85 μM. SR12813 is also an efficient agonist of human pregnane X receptor (hPXR). SR12813 can strongly bind to hPXR but not to mouse PXR (mPXR).
  • HY-B1189
    Meglutol
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Meglutol is an antilipemic agent which lowers cholesterol, triglycerides, serum beta-lipoproteins and phospholipids, and inhibits the activity of hydroxymethylglutarryl CoA reductases, which is the rate limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of cholesterol.
  • HY-109523
    Cerivastatin sodium
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Cerivastatin sodium is a synthetic lipid-lowering agent and a highly potent, well-tolerated and orally active HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, with a Ki of 1.3 nM/L. Cerivastatin sodium reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Cerivastatin sodium also inhibits proliferation and invasiveness of MDA-MB-231 cells, mainly by RhoA inhibition, and has anti-cancer effect.
  • HY-119695A
    Simvastatin acid ammonium
    Inhibitor 99.32%
    Simvastatin acid (Tenivastatin) ammonium is a potent HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) inhibitor. Simvastatin acid ammonium reduces Indoxyl sulfate-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human cardiomyocytes. Simvastatin acid ammonium can also modulates OATP3A1 expression in cardiomyocytes and HEK293 cells transfected with the OATP3A1 gene.
  • HY-13528
    Clinofibrate
    Inhibitor 99.70%
    Clinofibrate (S-8527) is a hypelipidemic agent and a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor.
  • HY-125130
    Hesperetin 7-O-glucoside
    Inhibitor 98.08%
    Hesperetin 7-O-glucoside is produced by the enzymatic conversion of Hesperidin. Hesperetin 7-O-glucoside is a potent human HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor and also effectively inhibits the growth of Helicobacter pylori. Antihypertensive effect.
  • HY-114316
    HMG499
    Inhibitor
    HMG499 is a potent and selective HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.41 μM. HMG499 can prevent statins-induced accumulation of HMGCR, reduce serum cholesterol levels and decrease atherosclerosis.
  • HY-17504S
    Rosuvastatin-d6 calcium
    Inhibitor 98.54%
    Rosuvastatin D6 Calcium is deuterium labeled Rosuvastatin, which is a competitive inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase with IC50 of 11 nM.