1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cytoskeleton
  3. Arp2/3 Complex

Arp2/3 Complex

The Arp2/3 complex is originally identified in Acanthamoeba and consists of seven proteins (actin-related proteins; Arp2 and Arp3, and Arp2/3 complex subunits; ARPC1-5) that are conserved in all eukaryotes, with the exception of some algae, microsporidia and protists. The complex plays an essential role in a wide variety of cellular processes including lamellipodia-mediated cell migration, endocytosis and phagocytosis, by virtue of its ability to generate branched actin filament networks

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Activation of Arp2/3 requires interaction with actin nucleation-promoting factors (NPFs). Regulation of Arp2/3 activity is achieved by endogenous inhibitory proteins through direct binding to Arp2/3 and competition with NPFs or by binding to Arp2/3-induced actin filaments and disassembly of branched actin networks. Arp2/3 inhibition has recently garnered more attention as it has been associated with attenuation of cancer progression, neurotoxic effects during drug abuse, and pathogen invasion of host cells

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Arp2/3 Complex Related Products (12):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-16928
    Cytochalasin B
    ≥99.0%
    Cytochalasin B is a cell-permeable mycotoxin binding to the barbed end of actin filaments, disrupting the formation of actin polymers, with Kd value of 1.4-2.2 nM for F-actin.
  • HY-N6682
    Cytochalasin D
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Cytochalasin D (Zygosporin A; NSC 209835) is a potent and cell-permeable inhibitor of actin polymerization derived from fungus, inhibits the G-actin–cofilin interaction by binding to G-actin. Cytochalasin D (Zygosporin A; NSC 209835) also inhibits the binding of cofilin to F-actin and decreases the rate of both actin polymerization and depolymerization in living cells.Cytochalasin D can reduce exosome release, in turn reducing the amount of survivin present in the tumour environment. Cytochalasin D induces phosphorylation and cytoplasmic retention of YAP.
  • HY-16926
    CK-666
    Inhibitor 99.79%
    CK-666 is a cell-permeable actin-related protein Arp2/3 complex inhibitor (IC50=12 μM). CK-666 binds to Arp2/3 complex, stabilizes the inactive state of the complex, blocking movement of the Arp2 and Arp3 subunits into the activated filament-like (short pitch) conformation.
  • HY-15892
    CK-636
    Inhibitor 98.43%
    CK-636 is a cell permeable inhibitor of Arp2/3 complex, that could inhibit actin polymerization, with IC50 values of 4 μM, 24 μM and 32 μM for human, fission yeast and bovine, respectively.
  • HY-16927
    CK-869
    Inhibitor 99.74%
    CK-869 is an Actin-Related Protein 2/3 (ARP2/3) complex inhibitor, with an IC50 of 7 μM.
  • HY-16929
    Latrunculin A
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Latrunculin A (LAT-A) is a toxin isolated from the red sea sponge Latrunculia magnifica, binds to actin monomers, inhibits polymerization of actin, with Kds of 0.1, 0.4, 4.7 μM and 0.19 μM for ATP-actin, ADP-Pi-actin, ADP-actin and G-actin, respectively.
  • HY-114657A
    Benproperine phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.23%
    Benproperine phosphate is an orally active, potent actin-related protein 2/3 complex subunit 2 (ARPC2) inhibitor. Benproperine phosphate attenuates the actin polymerization rate of action polymerization nucleation by impairing Arp2/3 function. Benproperine phosphate has the potential for a cough suppressant and suppresses cancer cell migration and tumor metastasis.
  • HY-P0027
    Jasplakinolide
    Activator ≥98.0%
    Jasplakinolide is a potent actin polymerization inducer and stabilizes pre-existing actin filaments. Jasplakinolide binds to F-actin competitively with phalloidin with a Kd of 15 nM. Jasplakinolide, a naturally occurring cyclic peptide from the marine sponge, has both fungicidal and anti-cancer activity.
  • HY-P1045
    187-1, N-WASP inhibitor
    Inhibitor
    187-1, N-WASP inhibitor, a 14-aa cyclic peptide, is an allosteric neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) inhibitor. 187-1, N-WASP inhibitor potently inhibits actin assembly induced by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) with an IC50 of 2 μM. 187-1, N-WASP inhibitor prevents the activation of Arp2/3 complex by N-WASP by stabilizing the autoinhibited state of the protein.
  • HY-P2270
    Phalloidin-TRITC
    Chemical
    Phalloidin-TRITC is a TRITC labeled, red fluorescence probe for F-actin. Phalloidin, bound to actin filaments, reacts covalently with amino acids Glu-llT, Met-ll9, and Met355, which are very close to the nucleotide binding site.
  • HY-P1045A
    187-1, N-WASP inhibitor TFA
    Inhibitor
    187-1, N-WASP inhibitor TFA, a 14-aa cyclic peptide, is an allosteric neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) inhibitor. 187-1, N-WASP inhibitor TFA potently inhibits actin assembly induced by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) with an IC50 of 2 μM. 187-1, N-WASP inhibitor TFA prevents the activation of Arp2/3 complex by N-WASP by stabilizing the autoinhibited state of the protein.
  • HY-N6701
    Dihydrocytochalasin B
    Inhibitor
    Dihydrocytochalasin B (H2CB) is a Cytokinesis inhibitor and changes the morphology of the cells, similar to that of cytochalasin B; does not inhibit glucose transport. Dihydrocytochalasin B (H2CB) disrupts the actin structure and inhibits the ability of growth factors to stimulate DNA synthesis, reversibly blocks initiation of DNA synthesis. Dihydrocytochalasin B (H2CB) inhibits active calcium transport and causes a Ca2+increase in the mucosal scrapings.
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