1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. Interleukin Related

Interleukin Related

IL

Interleukins are a group of cytokines (secreted proteins and signaling molecules) that were first seen to be expressed by white blood cells (leukocytes). The function of the immune system depends in a large part on interleukins, and rare deficiencies of a number of them have been described, all featuring autoimmune diseases or immune deficiency. The majority of interleukins are synthesized by helper CD4 T lymphocytes, as well as through monocytes, macrophages, and endothelial cells. They promote the development and differentiation of T and B lymphocytes, and hematopoietic cells. Interleukin receptors on astrocytes in the hippocampus are also known to be involved in the development of spatial memories in mice.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-B0240
    Disulfiram
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    Disulfiram (Tetraethylthiuram disulfide) is a specific inhibitor of aldehyde-dehydrogenase (ALDH1), used for the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. Disulfiram inhibits gasdermin D (GSDMD) pore formation in liposomes and inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis and IL-1β secretion in human and mouse cells. Disulfiram + Cu2+ increases intracellular ROS levels triggering apoptosis of ovarian cancer stem cells[1-6].
  • HY-117287
    Deucravacitinib
    Inhibitor 99.79%
    Deucravacitinib (BMS-986165) is a highly selective, orally bioavailable allosteric TYK2 inhibitor for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, which selectively binds to TYK2 pseudokinase (JH2) domain (IC50=1.0 nM) and blocks receptor-mediated Tyk2 activation by stabilizing the regulatory JH2 domain. Deucravacitinib inhibits IL-12/23 and type I IFN pathways.
  • HY-108841
    Raleukin
    Antagonist 99.40%
    Raleukin (AMG-719) is a recombinant, nonglycosylated human interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) antagonist. Raleukin (AMG-719) is the first biological agent to block the pro-inflammatory effects.
  • HY-B1081A
    Oxidopamine hydrobromide
    Inducer 99.95%
    Oxidopamine (6-OHDA) hydrobromide is an antagonist of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Oxidopamine hydrobromide is a widely used neurotoxin and selectively destroys dopaminergic neurons. Oxidopamine hydrobromide promotes COX-2 activation, leading to PGE2 synthesis and pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β secretion. Oxidopamine hydrobromide can be used for the research of Parkinson’s disease (PD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.
  • HY-W016412
    Coenzyme Q0
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Coenzyme Q0 (CoQ0) is a potent, oral active ubiquinone compound can be derived from Antrodia cinnamomea. Coenzyme Q0 induces apoptosis and autophagy, suppresses of HER-2/AKT/mTOR signaling to potentiate the apoptosis and autophagy mechanisms. Coenzyme Q0 regulates NFκB/AP-1 activation and enhances Nrf2 stabilization in attenuation of inflammation and redox imbalance. Coenzyme Q0 has anti-angiogenic activity through downregulation of MMP-9/NF-κB and upregulation of HO-1 signaling.
  • HY-150741
    ODN 2216
    Activator
    ODN 2216 is a TLR9 (toll-like receptor 9) ligand or agonist. ODN 2216 induces high amounts of IFN-α and IFN-β. ODN 2216 induces IFN-α by pDC (plasmacytoid DC) and IL-12 (p40) production by DC (dendritic cells). ODN 2216 stimulates IFN-γ production in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), which is indirect and mediated by IFN-α/β. ODN 2216 can activate NK cells and promote IFN-γ production of TCR-triggered CD4+ T cells.
  • HY-P9956
    Siltuximab
    99.90%
    Siltuximab is an anti-IL-6 (interleukin-6) monoclonal antibody, and shows antitumor activity. Siltuximab can be used in Multicentric Castleman's Disease (MCD) and COVID-19 research.
  • HY-P9917
    Tocilizumab
    Antagonist 99.67%
    Tocilizumab (Anti-Human IL6R, Humanized Antibody) is an anti-human interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R) neutralizing antibody, prevents binding of IL-6 to the IL-6R, thereby inhibiting both classic and trans-signaling. Tocilizumab (Anti-Human IL6R, Humanized Antibody) can be used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Tocilizumab is remarkablely effective for the study of severe COVID-19 (coronavirus disease).
  • HY-14644
    Apilimod
    Inhibitor 99.55%
    Apilimod (STA 5326) is a potent IL-12/IL-23 inhibitor, and strongly inhibits IL-12 with IC50s of 1 nM and 2 nM, in IFN-γ/SAC-stimulated human PBMCs and SAC-treated monkey PBMCs, respectively. Apilimod is a potent and highly selective PIKfyve inhibitor.
  • HY-B1081
    Oxidopamine hydrochloride
    Inducer 99.91%
    Oxidopamine (6-OHDA) hydrochloride is an antagonist of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Oxidopamine hydrochloride is a widely used neurotoxin and selectively destroys dopaminergic neurons. Oxidopamine hydrochloride promotes COX-2 activation, leading to PGE2 synthesis and pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β secretion. Oxidopamine hydrochloride can be used for the research of Parkinson’s disease (PD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.
  • HY-102084
    LMT-28
    Inhibitor 98.85%
    LMT-28 is an orally active and the first synthetic IL-6 inhibitor that functions through direct binding to gp130. LMT-28 shows low toxicity and selectively inhibits IL-6-induced phosphorylation of STAT3, JAK2, and gp130.
  • HY-B0809
    Theophylline
    Inducer 99.94%
    Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) is a potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor antagonist, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) inhibits PDE3 activity to relax airway smooth muscle. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) has anti-inflammatory activity by increase IL-10 and inhibit NF-κB into the nucleus. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) induces apoptosis. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) can be used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research.
  • HY-P9926
    Dupilumab
    Inhibitor ≥99.2%
    Dupilumab (REGN-668) is a fully human mAb to IL-4 receptor α (IL-4Rα) that inhibits both IL-4 and IL-13 signaling, markedly improved moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis.
  • HY-B1402
    Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate
    Inhibitor 99.76%
    Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate (Hydrocortisone 21-hemisuccinate), a physiological glucocorticoid, is an orally active steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (SAID). Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate inhibits proinflammatory cytokine activity, with IC50s of 6.7 and 21.4 μM for IL-6 and IL-3, respectively. Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate can be used for the research of ulcerative colitis (UC).
  • HY-N0283
    Diacerein
    Inhibitor 98.78%
    Diacerein (Diacerhein), a interleukin-1 beta inhibitor, is a slow-acting medicine of the class anthraquinone used to treat joint diseases.
  • HY-N0633
    Muscone
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Muscone is the main active monomer of traditional Chinese medicine musk. Muscone inhibits NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Muscone remarkably decreases the levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6), and ultimately improves cardiac function and survival rate.
  • HY-15614
    SC144
    Inhibitor 98.50%
    SC144 is a first-in-class, orally active gp130 (IL6-beta) inhibitor. SC144 binds gp130, induces gp130 phosphorylation (S782) and deglycosylation, abrogates Stat3 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation, and further inhibits the expression of downstream target genes. SC144 shows potent inhibition of gp130 ligand-triggered signaling. SC144 induces apoptosis in human ovarian cancer cells.
  • HY-15982
    APY0201
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    APY0201 is a potent PIKfyve inhibitor, which inhibits the conversion of PtdIns3P to PtdIns(3,5)P2 in the presence of in the presence of [33P]ATP with an IC50 of 5.2 nM. APY0201 also inhibits IL-12/IL-23 production.
  • HY-14908
    Vidofludimus
    Inhibitor 99.06%
    Vidofludimus is an orally active inhibitor for dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) and also is a novel modulator for farnesoid X receptor (FXR). Vidofludimus, as an immunomodulatory agent, can be used for the research of autoimmune disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Vidofludimus also can be used for the research of fatty liver by targeting FXR.
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Species Source