1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. GABA Receptor

GABA Receptor

GABA receptors are a class of receptors that respond to the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate central nervous system. There are two classes of GABA receptors: GABAA and GABAB. GABAA receptors are ligand-gated ion channels (also known as ionotropic receptors), whereas GABAB receptors are G protein-coupled receptors (also known asmetabotropic receptors). It has long been recognized that the fast response of neurons to GABA that is blocked by bicuculline and picrotoxin is due to direct activation of an anion channel. This channel was subsequently termed the GABAA receptor. Fast-responding GABA receptors are members of family of Cys-loop ligand-gated ion channels. A slow response to GABA is mediated by GABAB receptors, originally defined on the basis of pharmacological properties.

GABA Receptor Related Products (147):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-N0219
    (+)-Bicuculline Antagonist ≥98.0%
    (+)-Bicuculline is a light-sensitive competitive antagonist of GABA-A receptor.
  • HY-107994
    Aminooxyacetic acid hemihydrochloride Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Aminooxyacetic acid hemihydrochloride is a malate-aspartate shuttle (MAS) inhibitor which also inhibits the GABA degradating enzyme GABA-T.
  • HY-103533
    Gabazine Antagonist ≥98.0%
    Gabazine is a selective and competitive antagonist of GABAA receptor, with an IC50 of ~0.2 μM for GABA receptor.
  • HY-B0211
    Riluzole Inhibitor 99.80%
    Riluzole is an anticonvulsant drug and belongs to the family of use-dependent Na+ channel blocker which can also inhibit GABA uptake with an IC50 of 43 μM.
  • HY-N0067
    γ-Aminobutyric acid Agonist ≥98.0%
    γ-Aminobutyric acid (4-Aminobutyric acid) is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the adult mammalian brain, binding to the ionotropic GABA receptors (GABAA receptors) and metabotropic receptors (GABAB receptors).
  • HY-120051
    Afizagabar Antagonist 98.23%
    Afizagabar (S44819) is a first-in-class, competitive, and selective antagonist at the GABA-binding site of the α5-GABAAR, with an IC50 of 585 nM for α5β2γ2 and a Ki of 66 nM for α5β3γ2. Afizagabar enhances hippocampal synaptic plasticity and exhibits pro-cognitive efficacy.
  • HY-120874
    PF-06372865 Activator 98.11%
    PF-06372865 is an orally active, α2/α3/α5 subtype-selective GABAA positive allosteric modulator (PAM). PF-06372865 is a high affinity ligand at GABAA receptors containing α1/α2/α3/α5 subunits (Kis of 2.9 nM, 21 nM, 134 nM for α2, α1 PAM, α2 PAM, respectively), with low affinity for α4/α6 subunits. PF-06372865 can across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). PF-06372865 has anxiolytic activity and has the potential for epilepsy.
  • HY-N1951
    Miltirone Agonist 99.74%
    Miltirone is a natural compound present in the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Miltirone is a central benzodiazepine receptor partial agonist, with an IC50 of 0.3 μM.
  • HY-B0649
    Propofol Activator 99.52%
    Propofol potently and directly activates GABAA receptor and inhibits glutamate receptor mediated excitatory synaptic transmission. Propofol has antinociceptive properties and is used for sedation and hypnotic.
  • HY-15399
    Vigabatrin Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Vigabatrin (γ-Vinyl-GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA vinyl-derivative, is an orally active and irreversible GABA transaminase inhibitor. Vigabatrin is an antiepileptic agent, which acts by increasing GABA levels in the brain by inhibiting the catabolism of GABA by GABA transaminase.
  • HY-108690
    Fluxametamide Antagonist 99.74%
    Fluxametamide is an insecticide with wide spectrum, acts as an antagonist of GABA- and glutamate-gated chloride channels, with IC50 of 1.95 nM and 225 nM for M. domestica GABACls and GluCls.
  • HY-B1494
    Picrotoxinin Antagonist ≥98.0%
    Picrotoxinin, a potent convulsant, is a chloride channel blocker. Picrotoxinin is a noncompetitive GABAA receptor antagonist, which negatively modulates the action of GABA on GABAA receptors.
  • HY-17354
    (R)-Baclofen Agonist 99.49%
    (R)-Baclofen(STX209) is a selective GABAB receptor agonist.
  • HY-103531
    CGP52432 Antagonist 98.17%
    CGP52432 is a GABAB receptor antagonist, with an IC50 of 85 nM.
  • HY-B0135
    Furosemide Antagonist 99.83%
    Furosemide is a potent and orally active inhibitor of Na+/K+/2Cl- (NKCC) cotransporter, NKCC1 and NKCC2. Furosemide is also a GABAA receptors antagonist and displays 100-fold selectivity for α6-containing receptors than α1-containing receptors. Furosemide acts as a loop diuretic and used for the study of congestive heart failure, hypertension and edema.
  • HY-B0100
    Etomidate Agonist 99.68%
    Etomidate (R 16659) is a potent GABAA receptor agonist. Etomidate is a neurological drug and effective parenteral medication and has the potential for management of endogenous hypercortisolaemia.
  • HY-B0009
    Flumazenil Antagonist 99.98%
    Flumazenil is a competitive GABAA receptor antagonist, used in the treatment of benzodiazepine overdoses.
  • HY-103040
    Zuranolone Agonist 99.96%
    Zuranolone is an orally active and potent neuroactive steroid positive allosteric modulator of GABAA receptor, with EC50s of 296 and 163 nM for α1β2γ2 and α4β3δ GABAA receptors, respectively.
  • HY-B0799
    Dihydroergotoxine mesylate Modulator ≥98.0%
    Dihydroergotoxine mesylate is a complex of closely related alkaloid salts; Binds with high affinity to the GABAA receptor Cl- channel, producing an allosteric interaction with the benzodiazepine site.
  • HY-B0007
    Baclofen Agonist 99.42%
    Baclofen, a lipophilic derivative of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), is an orally active, selective metabotropic GABA-B receptor (GABABR) agonist. Baclofen has high blood brain barrier penetrance. Baclofen has the potential for muscle spasticity research.
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