1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. GABA Receptor

GABA Receptor

GABA receptors are a class of receptors that respond to the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate central nervous system. There are two classes of GABA receptors: GABAA and GABAB. GABAA receptors are ligand-gated ion channels (also known as ionotropic receptors), whereas GABAB receptors are G protein-coupled receptors (also known asmetabotropic receptors). It has long been recognized that the fast response of neurons to GABA that is blocked by bicuculline and picrotoxin is due to direct activation of an anion channel. This channel was subsequently termed the GABAA receptor. Fast-responding GABA receptors are members of family of Cys-loop ligand-gated ion channels. A slow response to GABA is mediated by GABAB receptors, originally defined on the basis of pharmacological properties.

GABA Receptor Related Products (168):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-N0219
    Bicuculline
    Antagonist ≥98.0%
    Bicuculline ((+)-Bicuculline; d-Bicuculline), as a convulsant alkaloid, is a competitive neurotransmitter GABAA receptor antagonist (IC50=2 μM). Bicuculline also blocks Ca2+-activated potassium (SK) channels and subsequently blocks the slow afterhyperpolarization (slow AHP) .
  • HY-107994
    Aminooxyacetic acid hemihydrochloride
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Aminooxyacetic acid (Carboxymethoxylamine) hemihydrochloride is a malate-aspartate shuttle (MAS) inhibitor which also inhibits the GABA degradating enzyme GABA-T.
  • HY-N0067
    γ-Aminobutyric acid
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    γ-Aminobutyric acid (4-Aminobutyric acid) is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the adult mammalian brain, binding to the ionotropic GABA receptors (GABAA receptors) and metabotropic receptors (GABAB receptors).
  • HY-103533
    Gabazine
    Antagonist ≥98.0%
    Gabazine is a selective and competitive antagonist of GABAA receptor, with an IC50 of ~0.2 μM for GABA receptor.
  • HY-B0211
    Riluzole
    Inhibitor 99.80%
    Riluzole is an anticonvulsant drug and belongs to the family of use-dependent Na+ channel blocker which can also inhibit GABA uptake with an IC50 of 43 μM.
  • HY-10061B
    Lesogaberan hydrochloride
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    Lesogaberan (AZD-3355) hydrochloride is a potent and selective GABAB receptor agonist with an EC50 of 8.6 nM for human recombinant GABAB receptor. The affinity (Kis) of Lesogaberan hydrochloride for rat GABAB and GABAA receptors, as measured by displacement of [3H]GABA binding in brain membranes: 5.1 nM and 1.4 μM, respectively. Lesogaberan hydrochloride inhibits transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation through a peripheral mode of action.
  • HY-100800
    TACA
    Agonist
    TACA (trans-4-Aminocrotonic acid) is a potent agonist of GABAA and GABAC receptors (KD= 0.6 μM). TACA also is GABA uptake inhibitor and substrate for GABA-T. TACA produces late biphasic responses in the MPG neurons.
  • HY-132806
    Alogabat
    Activator
    Alogabat (example 8) is a GABAA α5 receptor positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) (extracted from patent WO2018104419A1).
  • HY-B0649
    Propofol
    Activator 99.52%
    Propofol potently and directly activates GABAA receptor and inhibits glutamate receptor mediated excitatory synaptic transmission. Propofol has antinociceptive properties and is used for sedation and hypnotic.
  • HY-15399
    Vigabatrin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Vigabatrin (γ-Vinyl-GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA vinyl-derivative, is an orally active and irreversible GABA transaminase inhibitor. Vigabatrin is an antiepileptic agent, which acts by increasing GABA levels in the brain by inhibiting the catabolism of GABA by GABA transaminase.
  • HY-B0135
    Furosemide
    Antagonist 99.52%
    Furosemide is a potent and orally active inhibitor of Na+/K+/2Cl- (NKCC) cotransporter, NKCC1 and NKCC2. Furosemide is also a GABAA receptors antagonist and displays 100-fold selectivity for α6-containing receptors than α1-containing receptors. Furosemide acts as a loop diuretic and used for the study of congestive heart failure, hypertension and edema.
  • HY-103531
    CGP52432
    Antagonist 98.17%
    CGP52432 is a GABAB receptor antagonist, with an IC50 of 85 nM.
  • HY-B1494
    Picrotoxinin
    Antagonist ≥98.0%
    Picrotoxinin, a potent convulsant, is a chloride channel blocker. Picrotoxinin is a noncompetitive GABAA receptor antagonist, which negatively modulates the action of GABA on GABAA receptors.
  • HY-B0007
    Baclofen
    Agonist 99.42%
    Baclofen, a lipophilic derivative of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), is an orally active, selective metabotropic GABA-B receptor (GABABR) agonist. Baclofen has high blood brain barrier penetrance. Baclofen has the potential for muscle spasticity research.
  • HY-B0100
    Etomidate
    Agonist 99.68%
    Etomidate (R 16659) is a potent GABAA receptor agonist. Etomidate is a neurological drug and effective parenteral medication and has the potential for management of endogenous hypercortisolaemia.
  • HY-17354
    (R)-Baclofen
    Agonist 99.49%
    (R)-Baclofen (Arbaclofen) is a selective GABAB receptor agonist.
  • HY-B0355
    Ginkgolide A
    Antagonist ≥98.0%
    Ginkgolide A (BN-52020) is an extract from in Ginkgo biloba and a g-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antagonist.
  • HY-B0009
    Flumazenil
    Antagonist 99.98%
    Flumazenil is a competitive GABAA receptor antagonist, used in the treatment of benzodiazepine overdoses.
  • HY-103040
    Zuranolone
    Agonist 99.96%
    Zuranolone is an orally active and potent neuroactive steroid positive allosteric modulator of GABAA receptor, with EC50s of 296 and 163 nM for α1β2γ2 and α4β3δ GABAA receptors, respectively.
  • HY-B0211A
    Riluzole hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    Riluzole hydrochloride is an anticonvulsant drug and belongs to the family of use-dependent Na+ channel blocker which can also inhibit GABA uptake with an IC50 of 43 μM.
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