1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
  3. Endothelin Receptor

Endothelin Receptor

Endothelin receptors are G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) of the β-group of rhodopsin receptors that bind to endothelin ligands, which are 21 amino acid long peptides derived from longer prepro-endothelin precursors. There are at least four types known, ETA, ETB (ETB1, ETB2) and ETC. The ETA receptor is characterized by having high affinity and selectivity for ET-1 and ET-2 compared to ET-3, whereas the ETB receptor has equivalent high affinity for all three endothelin isopeptides.

Endothelins are synthesized in several tissues, including the vascular endothelium (ET-1 exclusively) and smooth muscle cells. Released endothelin binds to the endothelin receptors ETA and ETB, the ETA receptors on vascular smooth muscle cells mediating vasoconstriction, and the ETB receptors on the endothelium linked to nitric oxide (NO) and prostacyclin release.

Endothelin Receptor Related Products (48):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-P0202
    Endothelin 1 (swine, human)
    Activator
    Endothelin 1 (swine, human) is a synthetic peptide with the sequence of human and swine Endothelin 1, which is a potent endogenous vasoconstrictor. Endothelin 1 acts through two types of receptors ETA and ETB.
  • HY-15894
    BQ-788 sodium salt
    Antagonist 98.15%
    BQ-788 sodium salt is a potent and selective ETB receptor antagonist, inhibiting ET-1 binding to ETB receptors with an IC50 of 1.2 nM in human Girrardi heart cells.
  • HY-A0013
    Bosentan
    Antagonist 99.93%
    Bosentan is a competitive and dual antagonist of endothelin-1 (ET) for the ETA and ETB receptors with Ki of 4.7 nM and 95 nM in human SMC, respectively.
  • HY-14184
    Macitentan
    Antagonist ≥99.0%
    Macitentan (ACT-064992) is an orally active, non-peptide dual ETA and ETB (endothelin receptor) antagonist. Macitentan has the potential for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
  • HY-15403A
    Atrasentan hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.51%
    Atrasentan hydrochloride (ABT-627 hydrochloride) is a selective endothelin A receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 0.0551 nM for ETA.
  • HY-12378
    BQ-123
    Antagonist 99.86%
    BQ-123 is a potent and selective endothelin A (ETA) receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 7.3 nM and a Ki of 25 nM. BQ-123 inhibits endothelin-1-mediated proliferation of human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells and lowers blood pressure in different rat models of hypertension.
  • HY-A0013A
    Bosentan (hydrate)
    Antagonist 99.71%
    Bosentan hydrate is a competitive and dual antagonist of endothelin-1 (ET) for the ETA and ETB receptors with Ki of 4.7 nM and 95 nM in human SMC, respectively.
  • HY-17621
    Sparsentan
    Antagonist 99.08%
    Sparsentan (RE-021) is a highly potent dual angiotensin II and endothelin A receptor antagonist with Kis of 0.8 and 9.3 nM, respectively.
  • HY-13209
    Ambrisentan
    Antagonist 99.86%
    Ambrisentan is a selective ET type A receptor (ETAR) antagonist.
  • HY-P1235A
    Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) (1-28), human, porcine Acetate
    Inhibitor
    Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) (1-28), human, porcine Acetate is a 28-amino acid hormone, that is normally produced and secreted by the human heart in response to cardiac injury and mechanical stretch. ANP (1-28) inhibits endothelin-1 secretion in a dose-dependent way.
  • HY-B0323
    Sulfisoxazole
    Antagonist 99.95%
    Sulfisoxazole (Sulfafurazole), an endothelin receptor antagonist, is a sulfonamide antibacterial with an oxazole substituent. Sulfisoxazole inhibits breast cancer exosome release by targeting endothelin receptor A.
  • HY-120295
    A-192621
    Antagonist ≥99.0%
    A-192621 is a potent, nonpeptide, orally active and selective endothelin B (ETB) receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 4.5 nM and a Ki of 8.8 nM. The selectivity of A-192621 is 636-fold higher than ETA (IC50 of 4280 nM and Ki of 5600 nM). A-192621 promotes apoptosis in PASMCs. A-192621 alos causes elevation of arterial blood pressure and an elevation in the plasma ET-1 level.
  • HY-10088
    Zibotentan
    Antagonist 99.66%
    Zibotentan (ZD4054) is a potent, selective and orally active endothelin A (ETA) receptor antagonist with a Ki of 13 nM. Zibotentan has no inhibitory effect on ETB. Zibotentan has anticancer effects and can be used for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) research.
  • HY-15895
    Aprocitentan
    Antagonist 98.13%
    Aprocitentan (ACT-132577) is the major and pharmacologically active metabolite of Macitentan. Aprocitentan is dual ETA/ETB antagonist with IC50s of 3.4 nM and 987 nM, and pA2 valus of 6.7 and 5.5, respectively.
  • HY-15195
    Avosentan
    Antagonist 98.36%
    Avosentan(Ro 67-0565; SPP-301) is a potent, selective endothelin receptor(ETA receptor) antagonist.
  • HY-15404
    Darusentan
    Inhibitor 98.66%
    Darusentan (Lu-135252) is a selective endothelin receptor A (ET-A) receptor antagonist, which binds with a Ki of 1.4 nM to the ET-A receptor and a Ki of 184 nM to ET-B receptor, respectively with a 100-fold selectivity for ETA rather than ETB receptors. Darusentan competes for radiolabeled endothelin binding in rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (RAVSMs) membranes with single-site kinetics, exhibiting a Ki of 13 nM.
  • HY-P1236
    Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) (1-28), rat
    Inhibitor
    Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) (1-28), rat is a major circulating form of ANP in rats, potently inhibits Angiotensin II (Ang II)-stimulated endothelin-1 secretion in a concentration-dependent manner.
  • HY-103460
    IRL 2500
    Antagonist ≥99.0%
    IRL 2500 is a potent Endothelin receptor antagonist. IRL 2500 shows IC50 values of 1.3 and 94 nM for ETB and ETA receptors, respectively. IRL 2500 inhibits ETB receptor-mediated blood pressure increase and renal vascular resistance in rats in vivo.
  • HY-11103
    Sitaxsentan sodium
    Inhibitor 99.03%
    Sitaxsentan sodium (IPI 1040 sodium; TBC11251 sodium) is an orally active, highly selective antagonist of endothelin A receptors.
  • HY-15894A
    BQ-788
    Antagonist 98.28%
    BQ-788 is a potent, selective ETB receptor antagonist with IC50 of 1.2 nM for inhibition of ET-1 binding to human Girardi heart cells, poorly inhibiting the binding to ETA receptors in human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-MC cells with IC50 of 1300 nM.
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