1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. Melatonin Receptor

Melatonin Receptor

Melatonin Receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) which binds melatonin. Three types of melatonin receptor have been cloned. The MT1 and MT2 receptor subtypes are present in humans and other mammals, while an additional melatonin receptor subtype MT3 has been identified in amphibia and birds. The MT1 subtype's expression in the pars tuberalis of the pituitary gland and suprachiamatic nuclei of the hypothalamus is indicative of melatonin's circadian and reproductive functional involvement. The MT2 subtype's expression in the retina is suggestive of melatonin's effect on the mammalian retina occurring through this receptor. Research suggests that melatonin acts to inhibit the Ca2+-dependent release of dopamine. Melatonin's action in the retina is believed to affect several light-dependent functions, including phagocytosis and photopigment disc shedding.

Melatonin Receptor Related Products (15):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B0075
    Melatonin Activator 99.47%
    Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland that can activates melatonin receptor. Melatonin plays a role in sleep and possesses important antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. Melatonin is a novel selective ATF-6 inhibitor and induces human hepatoma cell apoptosis through COX-2 downregulation. Melatonin attenuates palmitic acid-induced (HY-N0830) mouse granulosa cells apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum stress.
  • HY-A0014
    Ramelteon Agonist 99.87%
    Ramelteon is a highly potent and selective melatonin receptor agonist with Ki values of 14 and 112 pM for human melatonin1 and melatonin2.
  • HY-17038
    Agomelatine Agonist 98.77%
    Agomelatine (S-20098) is a specific agonist of MT1 and MT2 receptors with Kis of 0.1, 0.06, 0.12, and 0.27 nM for CHO-hMT1, HEK-hMT1, CHO-hMT2, and HEK-hMT2, respectively. Agomelatine is a selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist with pKis of 6.4 and 6.2 at native (porcine) and cloned, human 5-HT2C receptors, respectively.
  • HY-101254
    Luzindole Antagonist 99.62%
    Luzindole (N-0774) is a selective melatonin receptor antagonist. Luzindole preferentially targets MT2 (Mel1b) over MT1 (Mel1a) with Ki values of 10.2 and 158 nM for human MT2 and MT1, respectively. Luzindole suppresses experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), and exerts antidepressant-like activity.
  • HY-14803
    Tasimelteon Agonist 99.58%
    Tasimelteon is a melatonin MT1 and MT2 receptor agonist.
  • HY-105285
    Piromelatine Agonist 99.21%
    Piromelatine (Neu-P11) is a melatonin MT1/MT2 receptor agonist, serotonin 5-HT1A/5-HT1D agonist, and serotonin 5-HT2B antagonist. Piromelatine (Neu-P11) possesses sleep promoting, analgesic, anti-neurodegenerative, anxiolytic and antidepressant potentials. Piromelatine (Neu-P11) also possesses pain-related P2X3, TRPV1, and Nav1.7 channel-inhibition capacities.
  • HY-106136
    TIK-301 Agonist
    TIK-301 (PD-6735) is a chlorinated melatonin derivative and a potent, high-affinity and orally active melatonin MT1 and MT2 receptors agonist with Kis of 0.081 nM and 0.042 nM, respectively. TIK-301 is also a 5-HT2B/5-HT2C receptors antagonist with antidepressant action. TIK-301 has the potential for sleep disorders and other circadian rhythm disorders treatment.
  • HY-100609
    4-P-PDOT Antagonist >99.0%
    4-P-PDOT is a potent, selective and affinity Melatonin receptor (MT2) antagonist. 4-P-PDOT is >300-fold more selective for MT2 than MT1. 4-P-PDOT significantly counteracts Melatonin-mediated antioxidant effects (GSH/GSSG ratio, phospho-ERK, Nrf2 nuclear translocation, Nrf2 DNA-binding activity).
  • HY-17038A
    Agomelatine hydrochloride Agonist 99.49%
    Agomelatine hydrochloride (S-20098 hydrochloride) is a specific agonist of MT1 and MT2 receptors with Kis of 0.1, 0.06, 0.12, and 0.27 nM for CHO-hMT1, HEK-hMT1, CHO-hMT2, and HEK-hMT2, respectively. Agomelatine hydrochloride is a selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist with pKis of 6.4 and 6.2 at native (porcine) and cloned, human 5-HT2C receptors, respectively.
  • HY-101176
    2-Iodomelatonin Agonist >99.0%
    2-Iodomelatonin is a potent agonist of melatonin receptor 1 (MT1) with a Ki value of 28 pM, it is more 5-fold selective for MT1  over MT2. 2-iodomelatonin can be used to identify, characterize and localize melatonin binding sites in the brain and peripheral tissues.
  • HY-122136
    S26131 Antagonist 99.30%
    S26131 (compound 5) is a potent and selective MT1 melatoninergic ligand, and the Ki values are 0.5 and 112 nM for MT1 and MT2, respectively. S26131 behaves as an MT1 and MT2 antagonist.
  • HY-101358
    8-M-PDOT Agonist >99.0%
    8-M-PDOT (AH-002) is a selective melatonin MT2 receptor agonist. 8-M-PDOT is 5.2-fold selective for MT2 over MT1 receptors. 8-M-PDOT binds human recombinant MT2 and MT2 receptors with pKi values of 8.23 and 8.95 respectively. 8-M-PDOT has anxiolytic-like activity.
  • HY-B0075S
    Melatonin D4 Activator
    Melatonin D4 is deuterium labeled Melatonin. Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland that can activates melatonin receptor. Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. Melatonin is a selective ATF-6 inhibitor and induces human hepatoma cell apoptosis through COX-2 downregulation.
  • HY-133112
    7-Desmethyl-3-hydroxyagomelatine Agonist
    7-Desmethyl-3-hydroxyagomelatine (3-Hydroxy-7-desmethyl agomelatine), a metabolite of Agomelatine, has less activity than Agomelatine. Agomelatine is a melatonergic (MT1 and MT2) agonist and serotonergic (5HT2C) antagonist.
  • HY-17038B
    Agomelatine (L(+)-Tartaric acid) Agonist 99.82%
    Agomelatine L(+)-Tartaric acid (S-20098 L(+)-Tartaric acid) is a specific agonist of MT1 and MT2 receptors with Kis of 0.1, 0.06, 0.12, and 0.27 nM for CHO-hMT1, HEK-hMT1, CHO-hMT2, and HEK-hMT2, respectively. Agomelatine L(+)-Tartaric acid is a selective 5-HT2C receptor antagonist with pKis of 6.4 and 6.2 at native (porcine) and cloned, human 5-HT2C receptors, respectively.
Isoform Specific Products

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