1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. DNA/RNA Synthesis

DNA/RNA Synthesis

RNA synthesis, which is also called DNA transcription, is a highly selective process. Transcription by RNA polymerase II extends beyond RNA synthesis, towards a more active role in mRNA maturation, surveillance and export to the cytoplasm.

Single-strand breaks are repaired by DNA ligase using the complementary strand of the double helix as a template, with DNA ligase creating the final phosphodiester bond to fully repair the DNA.DNA ligases discriminate against substrates containing RNA strands or mismatched base pairs at positions near the ends of the nickedDNA. Bleomycin (BLM) exerts its genotoxicity by generating free radicals, whichattack C-4′ in the deoxyribose backbone of DNA, leading to opening of the ribose ring and strand breakage; it is an S-independentradiomimetic agent that causes double-strand breaks in DNA.

First strand cDNA is synthesized using random hexamer primers and M-MuLV Reverse Transcriptase (RNase H). Second strand cDNA synthesis is subsequently performed using DNA Polymerase I and RNase H. The remaining overhangs are converted into blunt ends using exonuclease/polymerase activity. After adenylation of the 3′ ends of DNA fragments, NEBNext Adaptor with hairpin loop structure is ligated to prepare the samples for hybridization. Cell cycle and DNA replication are the top two pathways regulated by BET bromodomain inhibition. Cycloheximide blocks the translation of mRNA to protein.

DNA/RNA Synthesis Related Products (584):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17371
    Oxaliplatin
    Inhibitor 99.57%
    Oxaliplatin is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Oxaliplatin causes DNA crosslinking damage, prevents DNA replication and transcription and induces apoptosis. Oxaliplatin can be used for cancer research.
  • HY-17026
    Gemcitabine
    Inhibitor 99.92%
    Gemcitabine (LY 188011) is a pyrimidine nucleoside analog antimetabolite and an antineoplastic agent. Gemcitabine inhibits DNA synthesis and repair, resulting in autophagyand apoptosis.
  • HY-17565A
    Bleomycin hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 98.81%
    Bleomycin hydrochloride is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Bleomycin hydrochloride is a DNA damaging agent. Bleomycin hydrochloride is an antitumor antibiotic.
  • HY-17393
    Carboplatin
    Inhibitor 99.45%
    Carboplatin (NSC 241240) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor which binds to DNA, inhibits replication and transcription and induces cell death. Carboplatin (NSC 241240) is a derivative of CDDP and a potent anti-cancer agent.
  • HY-17565
    Bleomycin sulfate
    Inhibitor 99.60%
    Bleomycin sulfate is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Bleomycin hydrochloride is a DNA damaging agent. Bleomycin sulfate is an antitumor antibiotic.
  • HY-141567A
    Pseudouridine 5'-triphosphate trisodium
    ≥99.0%
    Pseudouridine-5’-triphosphate (Pseudo-UTP) is one of the most commonly used modified nucleoside for the polymerase-mediated synthesis of RNA molecules. Compared with uridine-containing unmodified mRNAs, the application of pseudouridine-containing modified mRNAs exhibits better nuclease stability, immunogenicity, and translational properties.
    .
  • HY-122587
    AVG-233
    Inhibitor 98.87%
    AVG-233 is a potent, orally active RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) inhibitor. AVG-233 prevents initiation of the viral polymerase complex at the promoter. AVG-233 binding site is present in the L1-1749 fragment. AVG-233 has nanomolar activity against both RSV strains and clinical RSV isolates (EC50=0.14-0.31 μM). AVG-233 can be used for research of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
  • HY-112582C
    N1-Methylpseudouridine-5′-triphosphate trisodium
    ≥98.0%
    N1-Methylpseudouridine-5′-triphosphate (1-Methylpseudouridine-5′-triphosphate) trisodium is a nucleobase-modified nucleotide, used for synthesizing mRNA with reduced immunogenicity and improved stability.
  • HY-13605
    Cytarabine
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    Cytarabine, a nucleoside analog, causes S phase cell cycle arrest and inhibits DNA polymerase. Cytarabine inhibits DNA synthesis with an IC50 of 16 nM. Cytarabine has antiviral effects against HSV. Cytarabine shows anti-orthopoxvirus activity.
  • HY-14519
    Methotrexate
    Inhibitor 99.87%
    Methotrexate (Amethopterin), an antimetabolite and antifolate agent, inhibits the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase, thereby preventing the conversion of folic acid into tetrahydrofolate, and inhibiting DNA synthesis. Methotrexate, also an immunosuppressant and antineoplastic agent, is used for the research of rheumatoid arthritis and a number of different cancers (such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia).
  • HY-104077
    Remdesivir
    Inhibitor 99.78%
    Remdesivir (GS-5734), a nucleoside analogue with effective antiviral activity, has EC50s of 3.3 μM, 4.7 μM, 32 μM, 3.7 μM and 9.2 μM for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants alpha, beta, gamma and delta, respectively. Remdesivir is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro.
  • HY-13753
    Streptozocin
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Streptozocin is a potent DNA-methylating antibiotic. Streptozotocin causes methylation of liver and kidney and pancreatic DNA, but no methylation in brain DNA.
  • HY-18982
    Anisomycin
    Inhibitor 99.44%
    Anisomycin is a potent protein synthesis inhibitor which interferes with protein and DNA synthesis by inhibiting peptidyl transferase or the 80S ribosome system. Anisomycin is a JNK activator, which increases phospho-JNK. Anisomycin is a bacterial antibiotic.
  • HY-B0069
    Fludarabine
    Inhibitor 99.91%
    Fludarabine (NSC 118218) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor and a fluorinated purine analogue with antineoplastic activity in lymphoproliferative malignancies. Fludarabine inhibits the cytokine-induced activation of STAT1 and STAT1-dependent gene transcription in normal resting or activated lymphocytes.
  • HY-141520
    ART558
    99.97%
    ART558 is a nanomolar potent, selective, low molecular weight, allosteric DNA polymerase activity of Polθ inhibitor (IC50=7.9 nM). ART558 can be used for the research of cancer.
  • HY-B0003
    Gemcitabine hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.93%
    Gemcitabine Hydrochloride (LY 188011 Hydrochloride) is a pyrimidine nucleoside analog antimetabolite and an antineoplastic agent. Gemcitabine Hydrochloride inhibits DNA synthesis and repair, resulting in autophagyand apoptosis.
  • HY-N1150
    Thymidine
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    Thymidine, a specific precursor of deoxyribonucleic acid, is used as a cell synchronizing agent. Thymidine is a DNA synthesis inhibitor that can arrest cell at G1/S boundary, prior to DNA replication.
  • HY-B0313
    Hydroxyurea
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Hydroxyurea is a cell apoptosis inducer that inhibit DNA synthesis through inhibition of ribonucleotide reductase. Hydroxyurea shows anti-orthopoxvirus activity.
  • HY-19620
    Branaplam
    Agonist 99.78%
    Branaplam (LMI070; NVS-SM1) is a highly potent, selective and orally active survival motor neuron-2 (SMN2) splicing modulator with an EC50 of 20 nM for SMN. Branaplam inhibits human-ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) with an IC50 of 6.3 μM. Branaplam elevates full-length SMN protein and extends survival in a severe spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) mouse model.
  • HY-108325
    Brequinar
    Inhibitor 99.75%
    Brequinar (DUP785) is a potent inhibitor of dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) with an IC50 of 5.2 nM for human DHODH. Brequinar has potent activities against a broad spectrum of viruses. Brequinar also has an anti-SARS2 activity.