1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. SphK

SphK

Sphingosine kinase (SphK1 and SphK2) is a lipid enzyme that catalyses the phosphorylation of sphingosine to form sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). Two isoforms of SphK are found in mammalian organisms, SphK1 and SphK2. SphK1 is found primarily in the cytoplasm and the plasma membrane of erythrocyte, endothelial and mast cells. SphK2 is larger and localized to the endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus, and mitochondria.

S1P binds to five different plasma membrane sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors (S1P1-5) and can regulate intracellular target proteins. S1P has a wide range of biological functions including promotion of cellular proliferation and survival, immune cell trafficking, stimulation of angiogenesis, and regulation of vascular integrity. Accumulation of S1P has been linked to the development/progression of cancer and various other diseases including, but not limited to, asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetic nephropathy. Thus, the biosynthetic route to S1P is a logical target for drug discovery. SphK1 and SphK2 isozymes are also recognized therapeutic targets.

SphK Related Products (16):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-18739
    Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate Activator ≥98.0%
    Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a phorbol ester, is a dual SphK and protein kinase C (PKC) activator. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate is a NF-κB activator. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces differentiation in THP-1 cells.
  • HY-15425A
    PF-543 Citrate Inhibitor 98.35%
    PF-543 Citrate (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II Citrate) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 Citrate is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 Citrate is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 Citrate induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-100008
    Peretinoin Inhibitor 99.79%
    Peretinoin is an oral acyclic retinoid with a vitamin A-like structure that targets retinoid nuclear receptors such as retinoid X receptor (RXR) and retinoic acid receptor (RAR). Peretinoin reduces the mRNA level of sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) in vitro by downregulating a transcription factor, Sp1. Peretinoin prevents the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through activating the autophagy pathway by increased Atg16L1 expression. Peretinoin inhibits HCV RNA amplification and virus release by altering lipid metabolism with a EC50 of 9 μM.
  • HY-101805
    SK1-IN-1 Inhibitor 98.75%
    SK1-IN-1 is a potent sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 58 nM.
  • HY-16015
    Opaganib Inhibitor 99.68%
    Opaganib (ABC294640) is a selective, competitive sphingosine kinase 2 (SK2) inhibitor with Ki of 9.8 μM.
  • HY-15779A
    K145 hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.34%
    K145 hydrochloride is a selective, substrate-competitive and orally active SphK2 inhibitor with an IC50 of 4.3 µM and a Ki of 6.4 µM. K145 hydrochloride is inactive against SphK1 and other protein kinases. K145 hydrochloride induces cell apoptosis and has potently antitumor activity.
  • HY-13822
    SKI II Inhibitor 99.88%
    SKI-II is an oral active and synthetic inhibitor of sphingosine kinase (SK) activity, with IC50 values of 78 μM and 45 μM for SK1 and for SK2, respectively. SKI II causes an irreversible inhibition of SK1 by inducing its lysosomal and/or proteasomal degradation.
  • HY-19794
    MP-A08 Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    MP-A08 is a highly selective ATP competitive sphingosine kinase (SPHK1) inhibitor that targets both SphK1 and SphK2 with Ki values of 6.9 ± 0.8 μM and 27 ± 3 μM, respectively.
  • HY-101572
    MHP Activator 98.54%
    MHP (Methyl caprooyl tyrosinate) is an activator of sphingosine kinase (SPHK1), and significantly stimulates CAMP mRNA and protein production. MHP (Methyl caprooyl tyrosinate) enhances antimicrobial defense and innate immunity.
  • HY-119016A
    SK1-​I hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.49%
    SK1-I hydrochloride (BML-258 hydrochloride), an analog of sphingosine, is an isozyme-specific competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with a Ki value of 10 µM. SK1-I hydrochloride shows no activity at SPHK1 PKCα, PKCδ, PKA, AKT1, ERK1, EGFR, CDK2, IKKβ or CamK2β. SK1-I hydrochloride enhances autophagy and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-12892
    SKI-178 Inhibitor 98.05%
    SKI-178 is a potent sphingosine kinase-1 (SphK1) and SphK2 inhibitor. SKI-178 is cytotoxic at IC50 concentrations ranging from 1.8 to 0.1 μM in both drug sensitive and multi-drug resistant cancer cell lines (i.e., MTR3, NCI-ADR and HL60/VCR cells). SKI-178 induces apoptosis in a CDK1-dependent manner in human acute myeloid leukemia cell lines.
  • HY-12895
    SKI V Inhibitor 98.09%
    SKI V is a noncompetitive and potent non-lipid sphingosine kinase (SPHK; SK) inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 μM for GST-hSK. SKI V potently inhibits PI3K with an IC50 of 6 μM for hPI3k. SKI V decreases formation of the mitogenic second messenger sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). SKI V induces apoptosis and has antitumor activity.
  • HY-15779
    K145 Inhibitor
    K145 is a selective, substrate-competitive and orally active SphK2 inhibitor with an IC50 of 4.3 µM and a Ki of 6.4 µM. K145 is inactive against SphK1 and other protein kinases. K145 induces cell apoptosis and has potently antitumor activity.
  • HY-15425
    PF-543 Inhibitor
    PF-543 (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-15425B
    PF-543 hydrochloride Inhibitor
    PF-543 hydrochloride (Sphingosine Kinase 1 Inhibitor II hydrochloride) is a potent, selective, reversible and sphingosine-competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 2 nM and a Ki of 3.6 nM. PF-543 hydrochloride is >100-fold selectivity for SPHK1 over SPHK2. PF-543 hydrochloride is an effective potent inhibitor of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) formation in whole blood with an IC50 of 26.7 nM. PF-543 hydrochloride induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.
  • HY-119016
    SK1-I Inhibitor
    SK1-I (BML-258), an analog of sphingosine, is an isozyme-specific competitive SPHK1 inhibitor with a Ki value of 10 µM. SK1-I shows no activity at SPHK1 PKCα, PKCδ, PKA, AKT1, ERK1, EGFR, CDK2, IKKβ or CamK2β. SK1-I enhances autophagy and has antitumor activity.
Isoform Specific Products

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