1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. Glucocorticoid Receptor

Glucocorticoid Receptor

Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR, or GCR) also known as NR3C1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 1) is the receptor to which cortisol and other glucocorticoids bind. The GR is expressed in almost every cell in the body and regulates genes controlling the development, metabolism, and immune response. When the glucocorticoid receptor binds to glucocorticoids, its primary mechanism of action is the regulation of gene transcription. The unbound receptor resides in the cytosol of the cell. After the receptor is bound to glucocorticoid, the receptor-glucorticoid complex can take either of two paths. The activated GR complex up-regulates the expression of anti-inflammatory proteins in the nucleus or represses the expression of pro-inflammatory proteins in the cytosol by preventing the translocation of other transcription factors from the cytosol into the nucleus. Dexamethasone is an agonist, and RU486 and cyproterone acetate are antagonists of the GR. Also, progesterone and DHEA have antagonist effects on the GR.

Glucocorticoid Receptor Related Products (149):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-14648
    Agonist 99.86%
    Dexamethasone (Hexadecadrol) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist. Dexamethasone also significantly decreases CD11b, CD18, and CD62L expression on neutrophils, and CD11b and CD18 expression on monocytes. Dexamethasone is highly effective in the control of COVID-19 infection. Dexamethasone inhibits production of exosomes containing inflammatory microRNA-155 in lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophage inflammatory responses.
  • HY-N0583
    Agonist 99.94%
    Hydrocortisone (Cortisol) is a steroid hormone or glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex.
  • HY-13683
    Antagonist 99.77%
    Mifepristone (RU486) is a progesterone receptor (PR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonist with IC50s of 0.2 nM and 2.6 nM in in vitro assay.
  • HY-B1618
    Agonist 99.70%
    Corticosterone (17-Deoxycortisol) is an orally active and adrenal cortex-produced glucocorticoid, which plays an important role in regulating neuronal functions of the limbic system (including hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and amygdala). Corticosterone increases the Rab-mediated AMPAR membrane traffic via SGK-induced phosphorylation of GDI. Corticosterone also interferes with the maturation of dendritic cells and shows a good immunosuppressive effect.
  • HY-B0469
    Medroxyprogesterone acetate
    Medroxyprogesterone acetate is a widely used synthetic steroid by its interaction with progesterone, androgen and glucocorticoid receptors.
  • HY-116691
    Hydrocortisone aceponate
    Hydrocortisone aceponate (Hydrocortisone 17-propionate 21-acetate) is a potent topical glucocorticoid. Hydrocortisone aceponate can be used for various dermatoses research.
  • HY-B0603
    Fluticasone is an inhaled corticosteroid used for respiratory research. Fluticasone is a Smo agonist with an IC50 value of 99 nM. Fluticasone activates Hedgehog signaling and promotes the proliferation of primary neuronal stem or precursor cells.
  • HY-147293
    Nenocorilant (Relacorilant) is a potent, orally activity glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonist with Ki value of 0.15 nM. Nenocorilant has pro-apoptotic effects and improves potency combined with cytotoxic agent. Nenocorilant can be used for cancer research.
  • HY-B0214
    Agonist 99.84%
    Prednisone (Adasone) is a synthetic corticosteroid agent that is particularly effective as an immunosuppressant compound.
  • HY-B0260
    Agonist 99.75%
    Methylprednisolone is a synthetic corticosteroid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. Methylprednisolone improve severe or critical COVID-19 by activating ACE2 and reducing IL-6 levels.
  • HY-17463
    Agonist 99.96%
    Prednisolone is a potent, orally active corticosteroid and a glucocorticoid. Prednisolone possesses about four times the anti-inflammatory activity of hydrocortisone while causing less salt and water retention. Prednisolone can be used for ocular, anti-inflammatory research.
  • HY-13580
    Agonist 99.94%
    Budesonide, an inhaled glucocortical steroid, is an orally active glucocorticoid receptor agonist. Budesonide decreases the size of lung tumors, reverses DNA hypomethylation and modulates mRNA expression of genes. Budesonide is an anti-inflammatory agent used for asthma.
  • HY-B1829A
    Dexamethasone phosphate disodium
    Agonist 99.88%
    Dexamethasone phosphate disodium is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist.
  • HY-B1402
    Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate
    Agonist 99.76%
    Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate (Hydrocortisone 21-hemisuccinate), a physiological glucocorticoid, is an orally active steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (SAID). Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate inhibits proinflammatory cytokine activity, with IC50s of 6.7 and 21.4 μM for IL-6 and IL-3, respectively. Hydrocortisone hemisuccinate can be used for the research of ulcerative colitis (UC).
  • HY-14648A
    Dexamethasone acetate
    Agonist 99.69%
    Dexamethasone acetate (Dexamethasone 21-acetate) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist. Dexamethasone acetate has the potential for ophthalmic infections treatment.
  • HY-B0636
    Triamcinolone acetonide
    Agonist 99.95%
    Triamcinolone acetonide is a more potent type of triamcinolone, being about 8 times as effective as prednisone.
  • HY-13693
    Mometasone furoate
    Agonist 99.05%
    Mometasone furoate (Sch32088) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist with anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activity. Mometasone furoate acts as a corticosteroid agent and used for topical applications in chronic skin eczema and airway inflammation management of asthma in vivo
  • HY-B1121
    Activator 99.95%
    Flunisolide is a corticosteroid, which is an orally active glucocorticoid receptor activator with anti-inflammatory activity. Flunisolide can induce eosinophil apoptosis, and is used for the research of asthma or rhinitis, and inflammation.
  • HY-B1832
    Prednisone acetate
    Agonist 99.71%
    Prednisone acetate (Prednisone 21-acetate), the acetate salt form of prednisolone, is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties.
  • HY-N0835
    Agonist 99.42%
    (20S)-Protopanaxatriol is a metabolite of ginsenoside. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol works through the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and oestrogen receptor (ER), and is also a LXRα inhibitor. (20S)-Protopanaxatriol shows a broad spectrum of antitumor effects.