1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Tyrosinase

Tyrosinase

Tyrosinase is a copper-containing metalloprotein belonging to the type-3 copper protein family, together with haemocyanins and catechol oxidases. Tyrosinases are the catalysts in mammals responsible for the formation of melanin in skin and hair color, as well as browning in fruit and vegetables following cell damage.

Tyrosinases are found in various prokaryotes as well as in plants, fungi, arthropods, and mammals and are responsible for pigmentation, wound healing, radiation protection, and primary immune response. Tyrosinases perform two sequential enzymatic reactions: hydroxylation of monophenols and oxidation of diphenols to form quinones which polymerize spontaneously to melanin. In plants, sponges, and many invertebrates, tyrosinases are important for wound healing and primary immune responses; in arthropods, they play a role in sclerotization, and in bacteria, tyrosinases protect DNA from UV damage.

Tyrosinase Related Products (77):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-W013636
    2-Ketoglutaric acid
    Inhibitor 99.84%
    2-Ketoglutaric acid (Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid) is an intermediate in the production of ATP or GTP in the Krebs cycle. 2-Ketoglutaric acid also acts as the major carbon skeleton for nitrogen-assimilatory reactions. 2-Ketoglutaric acid is a reversible inhibitor of tyrosinase (IC50=15 mM).
  • HY-N0136
    Taxifolin
    Inhibitor 99.97%
    Taxifolin ((+)-Dihydroquercetin) exhibits important anti-tyrosinase activity. Taxifolin exhibits significant inhibitory activity against collagenase with an IC50 value of 193.3 μM. Taxifolin is an important natural compound with antifibrotic activity. Taxifolin is a free radical scavenger with antioxidant capacity.
  • HY-N0192
    Arbutin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Arbutin (β-Arbutin) is a competitive inhibitor of tyrosinase, with Kiapp values of 1.42 mM for monophenolase; 0.9 mM for diphenolase. Arbutin is also used as depigmenting agents. Arbutin is a natural polyphenol isolated from the bearberry plant Arctostaphylos uvaursi, possesses with anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties.
  • HY-136179
    ZAP-180013
    Inhibitor 98.56%
    ZAP-180013 is a zeta-chain-associated protein kinase 70 (ZAP-70) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.8 μM. ZAP-180013 inhibits the interaction of ZAP-70 SH2 domain with immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAMs).
  • HY-N0619
    Mulberroside A
    Inhibitor 99.75%
    Mulberroside A is one of the main bioactive constituent in mulberry (Morus alba L.). Mulberroside A decreases the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 and inhibits the activation of NALP3, caspase-1, and NF-κB and the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and p38, exhibiting anti-inflammatory antiapoptotic effects. Mulberroside A shows inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase with an IC50 of 53.6 μM.
  • HY-119152
    CMX-2043
    Activator
    CMX-2043 is a novel analogue of α-Lipoic Acid (HY-N0492). CMX-2043 is effective in antioxidant effect, activation of insulin receptor kinase, soluble tyrosine kinase, and Akt phosphorylation. CMX-2043 shows protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rat model.
  • HY-N10503
    Norartocarpetin
    Inhibitor 98.50%
    Norartocarpetin is a tyrosinase inhibitor. Norartocarpetin has strong tyrosinase inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 0.47 μM. Norartocarpetin as an antibrowning agent can be used for the research of food systems. Norartocarpetin also has a significant anticancer activity in lung carcinoma cells (NCI-H460) with an IC50 value of 22 μM. Norartocarpetin has antiproliferative effects are mediated via targeting Ras/Raf/MAPK signalling pathway, mitochondrial mediated apoptosis, S-phase cell cycle arrest and suppression of cell migration and invasion in human lung carcinoma cells.
  • HY-P0096
    Decapeptide-12
    Inhibitor
    Decapeptide-12, a small oligopeptide, is a tyrosinase inhibitor that interacts with C-terminal residue of tyrosinase (Kd: 61.1 μM). Decapeptide-12 is a competitive inhibitor of mushroom tyrosinase (IC50: 40 µM). Decapeptide-12 also increases transcription of SIRT. Decapeptide-12 reduces melanin content in melanocytes. Decapeptide-12 is used for the research of melanogenesis, senescence, inflammation .
  • HY-W017212
    Methyl cinnamate
    Inhibitor 99.99%
    Methyl cinnamate (Methyl 3-phenylpropenoate), an active component of Zanthoxylum armatum, is a widely used natural flavor compound. Methyl cinnamate (Methyl 3-phenylpropenoate) possesses antimicrobial activity and is a tyrosinase inhibitor that can prevent food browning. Methyl cinnamate (Methyl 3-phenylpropenoate) has antiadipogenic activity through mechanisms mediated, in part, by the CaMKK2-AMPK signaling pathway.
  • HY-N3266
    Methyl rosmarinate
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Methyl rosmarinate is a noncompetitive tyrosinase inhibitor which is isolated from Rabdosia serra, with an IC50 of 0.28 mM for mushroom tyrosinase, and also inhibits a-glucosidase.
  • HY-B0856
    Validamycin A
    Inhibitor
    Validamycin A, a fungicidal, is an agricultural antibiotic. Validamycin A is originally isolated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus var. limoneus. Validamycin A inhibits the growth of A. flavus, with a MIC of 1 μg/mL. Validamycin A shows potent inhibitory activity against trehalase of Rhizoctonia solani, with an IC50 of 72 μM. Validamycin A is a reversible tyrosinase inhibitor, with a Ki of 5.893 mM.
  • HY-N1430
    Oxyresveratrol
    Inhibitor 98.87%
    Oxyresveratrol (trans-Oxyresveratrol) is a potent naturally occurring antioxidant and free radical scavenger (IC50 of 28.9 µM against DPPH free radicals). Oxyresveratrol is potent and noncompetitive tyrosinase inhibitor with an IC50 value of 1.2 µM for mushroom tyrosinase. Oxyresveratrol is effective against HSV-1, HSV-2 and varicella-zoster virus, and has neuroprotective effects.
  • HY-W015967
    Glycolic acid
    Inhibitor
    Glycolic acid is an inhibitor of tyrosinase, suppressing melanin formation and lead to a lightening of skin colour.
  • HY-N2460
    Aloesin
    Inhibitor 99.51%
    Aloesin (Aloeresin) is a tyrosinase inhibitor, and shows anti-inflammatory activity, ultraviolet protection, and antibacterium effects. Aloesin can induce apoptosis and be used in ovarian cancer research.
  • HY-B1461
    Deoxyarbutin
    Inhibitor
    Deoxyarbutin is a new effective lighten ingredient, can effectively inhibit tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis to get significant and lasting lightening effect.
  • HY-Y0444
    D-Tyrosine
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    D-Tyrosine is the D-isomer of tyrosine. D-Tyrosine negatively regulates melanin synthesis by inhibiting tyrosinase activity. D-Tyrosine inhibits biofilm formation and trigger the self-dispersal of biofilms without suppressing bacterial growth.
  • HY-N0616
    Trifolirhizin
    Inhibitor 99.91%
    Trifolirhizin is a pterocarpan flavonoid isolated from the roots of Sophora flavescens. Trifolirhizin possesses potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 506 μM. Trifolirhizin exhibits potential anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities.
  • HY-133680
    β-Tocopherol
    Inhibitor 99.64%
    β-Tocopherol is an analogue of vitamin E, exhibits antioxidant properties. β-Tocopherol can inhibit tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis. β-Tocopherol also can prevent the inhibition of cell growth and of PKC activity caused by d-alpha-tocopherol.
  • HY-101445A
    (R)-Trolox
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    (R)-Trolox is a vitamin E analogue and a competitive tyrosinase inhibitor with a Ki value of 0.83 mM and a ID50 value of 1.88 mM. The (R)-Trolox has stronger tyrosinase affinity than the (S) enantiomer (Ki value of 0.61 mM).
  • HY-N1775
    3',4'-Dihydroxyacetophenone
    Inhibitor 99.83%
    3',4'-Dihydroxyacetophenone (3,4-DHAP), isolated from Picea Schrenkiana Needles exhibits a strong suppressive action against tyrosinase activity, with an IC50 of 10 μM. 3',4'-Dihydroxyacetophenone (3,4-DHAP) is a vasoactive agent and antioxidant.