1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. Melanocortin Receptor

Melanocortin Receptor

The melanocortin (MC) receptors represent a subfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) where the different subtypes are involved in a wide range of physiological functions such as pigmentation, steroid secretion, energy homeostasis, and food intake. The melanocortin receptor (MCR) family consists of five G-protein-coupled receptors (MC1R-MC5R). MC1R controls pigmentation, MC2R is a critical component of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, MC3R and MC4R have a vital role in energy homeostasis and MC5R is involved in exocrine function.

MCRs are activated by a variety of neuropeptides, termed melanocortins, that include the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) andα, β and γ-melanocyte-stimulating hormones (MSHs). Melanocortins derive from post-translational processing of the common polypeptide precursor pro-opiomelanocortin, expressed mainly in the hypothalamus and pituitary.

Melanocortin Receptor Related Products (39):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-P0252
    α-Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH), amide Agonist 98.02%
    α-Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH), amide is an endogenous neuropeptide, with anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities. α-MSH is a post-translational derivative of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), acts as an endogenous melanocortin receptor 4 (MC4R) agonist.
  • HY-18678A
    Bremelanotide Acetate Agonist 99.97%
    Bremelanotide Acetate (PT-141 Acetate), a synthetic peptide analogue of α-MSH, is an agonist at melanocortin receptors including the MC3R and MC4R for the treatment of sexual dysfunction.
  • HY-P0227
    SHU 9119 98.21%
    SHU 9119 is a potent human melanocortin 3 and 4 receptors (MC3/4R) antagonist and a partial MC5R agonist; with IC50 values of 0.23, 0.06, and 0.09 nM for human MC3R, MC4R and MC5R, respectively.
  • HY-10624
    THIQ Agonist 98.48%
    THIQ is the first selective agonist of the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R), with high affinity and potency for hMC4R (IC50=1.2 nM, EC50=2.1 nM) and rMC4R (IC50=0.6 nM, EC50=2.9 nM). THIQ maintains low potency at MC1R, MC3R and MC5R. THIQ plays a role in eliciting erectile activity in rodents. THIQ acts as a pharmacoperone of the MC4R rescuing the cell surface expression and signaling of some intracellularly retained MC4R mutants.
  • HY-107139
    JNJ-10229570 Antagonist ≥98.0%
    JNJ-10229570 is an antagonist of melanocortin receptor 1 (MC1R) and melanocortin receptor 5 (MC5R), which inhibits sebaceous gland differentiation and the production of sebum-specific lipids. JNJ-10229570 inhibits the binding of 125I-NDP-α-MSH to cells expressing human MC1R and MC5R, with IC50 values of 270 nM and 200 nM, respectively.
  • HY-P0252A
    α-Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH), amide TFA Agonist 99.48%
    α-Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone (MSH), amide TFA is an endogenous neuropeptide, with anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities. α-MSH is a post-translational derivative of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), acts as an endogenous melanocortin receptor 4 (MC4R) agonist.
  • HY-110123
    ML-00253764 hydrochloride Inhibitor
    ML-00253764 hydrochloride is a brain penetrant nonpeptidic melanocortin receptor 4 (MC4R) antagonist with a Ki and IC50 of 0.16 µM and 0.103 µM, respectively.
  • HY-P1531
    γ-1-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH), amide Agonist
    γ-1-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH), amide is a 11-amino acid peptide. γ-1-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH) regulates sodium (Na+) balance and blood pressure through activation of the melanocortin receptor 3 (MC3-R).
  • HY-10622
    PF-00446687 Agonist 99.78%
    PF-00446687 is a potent, selective melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) agonist with EC50 of 12 ± 1 nM. Pf-446687 is brain penetrant.
  • HY-P1477A
    Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat TFA Agonist 99.84%
    Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat (TFA) is a potent melanocortin 2 (MC2) receptor agonist.
  • HY-P1545A
    ACTH (1-17) (TFA) Agonist 99.02%
    ACTH (1-17) TFA, an adrenocorticotropin analogue, is a potent human melanocortin 1 (MC1) receptor agonist with a Ki of 0.21 nM.
  • HY-P2242A
    RO27-3225 TFA Agonist 98.97%
    RO27-3225 TFA is potent and selective melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) agonist with an EC50 of 1 nM and 8 nM for MC4R and MC1R, respectively. RO27-3225 TFA shows ~30-fold selectivity for MC4R over MC3R. RO27-3225 TFA has neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • HY-P0097A
    Nonapeptide-1 acetate salt Antagonist 99.76%
    Nonapeptide-1 acetate salt, a peptide hormone, is a potent α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) antagonist, with an IC50 of 11 nM. Reduces synthesis of melanin and helps decrease skin pigmentation to a substantial degree.
  • HY-11030A
    SNT-207858 free base Antagonist 98.06%
    SNT207858 free base is a selective, blood brain barrier penetrating, potent and orally active melanocortin-4 (MC-4) receptor antagonist. SNT207858 free base has an IC50 of 22 nM (binding) and 11 nM (function) on the MC-4 receptor.
  • HY-P1558
    ACTH (11-24) Antagonist
    ACTH (11-24) is a fragment of adrenocorticotrophin, acts as an antagonist of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) receptor, and induces cortisol release.
  • HY-P1504A
    β-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH), human TFA Agonist 99.95%
    β-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH), human TFA, a 22-residue peptide, acts as an endogenous melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4-R) agonist.
  • HY-11029
    SNT-207707 Inhibitor 99.23%
    SNT-207707 is a selective, potent and orally active melanocortin MC-4 receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 8 nM (binding) and 5 nM (function) on the MC-4 receptor.
  • HY-11030
    SNT-207858 Antagonist
    SNT207858 is a selective, blood brain barrier penetrating, potent and orally active melanocortin-4 (MC-4) receptor antagonist. SNT207858 has an IC50 of 22 nM (binding) and 11 nM (function) on the MC-4 receptor.
  • HY-P1504
    β-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH), human Agonist
    β-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH), human, a 22-residue peptide, acts as an endogenous melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4-R) agonist.
  • HY-P1869
    Neuropeptide EI, rat Agonist
    Neuropeptide EI, rat displays functional melanin concentrating hormone (MCH)-antagonist and melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) agonist activity in different behavioral paradigms.
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