1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  3. Carbonic Anhydrase

Carbonic Anhydrase

Carbonate dehydratase

Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a zinc-containing enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide: CO2 + H2O ⇋ HCO3- + H+. Eight genetically distinct carbonic anhydrase enzyme families (α-, β-, γ- δ-, ζ-, η-, θ- and ι- CAs) were described to date. Carbonic anhydrases are involved in numerous physiological and pathological processes. Many of them are important therapeutic targets with the potential to be inhibited to treat a range of disorders including oedema, glaucoma, obesity, cancer, epilepsy, and osteoporosis.

The carbonic anhydrase reaction is involved in many physiological and pathological processes, including respiration and transport of CO2 and bicarbonate between metabolizing tissues and lungs; pH and CO2 homeostasis; electrolyte secretion in various tissues and organs; biosynthetic reactions (such as gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, and ureagenesis); bone resorption; calcification; and tumorigenicity. α-CAs are Zn2+ metalloproteins expressed in animals, vertebrates, prokaryotes, fungi, algae, protozoa, and plants. Sixteen mammalian α-CA isoforms are known to be involved in many diseases such as glaucoma, edema, epilepsy, obesity, hypoxic tumors, neuropathic pain, arthritis, neurodegeneration, etc.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-13650
    Inhibitor 99.60%
    Indisulam (E 7070) is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with anticancer activity. Indisulam (E 7070) is a sulfonamide agent that targets the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Indisulam (E 7070) causes a blockade in the G1/S transition through inhibition of the activation of both CDK2 and cyclin E. Indisulam (E 7070) targets splicing by inducing RBM39 degradation via recruitment to DCAF15.
  • HY-B0782
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Acetazolamide is a carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX inhibitor with an IC50 of 30 nM for hCA IX. Acetazolamide has diuretic, antihypertensive and anti-gonococcal activities.
  • HY-13513
    Inhibitor 99.73%
    U-104 (SLC-0111) is a potent carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor for CA IX and CA XII with Ki values of 45.1 nM and 4.5 nM, respectively. U-104 shows a significant delay in tumor growth in mice model.
  • HY-B1480
    Inhibitor 99.43%
    Ethoxzolamide is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with Ki of 1 nM.
  • HY-B0553
    Inhibitor 99.43%
    Methazolamide (L584601) is a sulfonamide derivative used as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with a Ki of 14 nM for human carbonic anhydrase II. Methazolamide, an intraocular pressure-lowering agent, reduces intraocular pressure elevations associated with glaucoma and other ocular disorders.
  • HY-149301
    Inhibitor 98.52%
    hCAIX-IN-18 (compound 30) is an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase (CA), with Kis of 3.5 nM, 9.4 nM, 43.0 nM and 8.2 nM for hCAI, hCAII, hCAIX, hCAXII, respectively. hCAIX-IN-18 can be used for cancer research.
  • HY-155522
    WES-1 (Compound 8g) is an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase IX (Ki: 55.9 μM). WES-1 has broad spectrum anti-proliferative activity against the cancer cells, such as leukemia (K-562 and MOLT-4), non-small cell lung cancer (NCI–H460), colon cancer (HCT 116 and HCT-15) and melanoma (LOX IMVI) cell lines.
  • HY-155271
    hCAXII-IN-7 (compound 6e) is a hCA XII inhibitor. hCAXII-IN-7 has BBB permeability. hCAXII-IN-7 induces 786-0, SF-539 and HS 578 T cells apoptotic.
  • HY-B0124
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Zonisamide (AD 810) is an orally active carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, with Kis of 35.2 and 20.6 nM for hCA II and hCA V, respectively. Zonisamide exerts neuroprotective effects through anti-apoptosis and upregulating MnSOD levels. Zonisamide also increases the expression of Hrd1, thereby improving cardiac function in AAC rats. Zonisamide can be used in studies of seizure, parkinson’s disease and cardiac hypertrophy.
  • HY-B0122
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Topiramate (McN 4853) is a broad-spectrum antiepileptic agent. Topiramate is a GluR5 receptor antagonist. Topiramate produces its antiepileptic effects through enhancement of GABAergic activity, inhibition of kainate/AMPA receptors, inhibition of voltage-sensitive sodium and calcium channels, increases in potassium conductance, and inhibition of carbonic anhydrase.
  • HY-B0588
    Inhibitor 99.61%
    Brinzolamide (AL-4862) is a selective carbonic anhydrase II inhibitor with anIC50 value of 3.2 nM. Brinzolamide hydrochloride reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) by inhibiting ciliary CA-II and decreasing atrial fluid secretion. Brinzolamide can be used in glaucoma disease research.
  • HY-B0109A
    Dorzolamide hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 99.92%
    Dorzolamide (L671152) hydrochloride is a potent carbonic anhydrase II inhibitor, with IC50 values of 0.18 nM and 600 nM for red blood cell CA-II and CA-I respectively. Dorzolamide possesses anti-tumor activity.
  • HY-P99023
    Inhibitor 99.39%
    Girentuximab (G250) is a chimeric monoclonal antibody that binds carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), a cell surface glycoprotein ubiquitously expressed in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).
  • HY-B1424
    Inhibitor 99.70%
    Benzthiazide is a long-acting diuretic and a hypertension agent. Benzthiazide is an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9), with Kis of 8.0, 8.8 and 10 nM for CA9, CA2 and CA1, respectively. Benzthiazide also suppresses proliferation of cancer cells.
  • HY-B0397
    Inhibitor 98.90%
    Dichlorphenamide (Diclofenamide) is an orally active, specific, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. Dichlorphenamide can reduce intraocular pressure by inhibiting the secretion of water from the eye. Dichlorphenamide can be used for glaucoma research.
  • HY-B0782A
    Acetazolamide sodium
    Inhibitor 99.66%
    Acetazolamide sodium is a carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX inhibitor with an IC50 of 30 nM for hCA IX. Acetazolamide sodium has diuretic, antihypertensive and anti-gonococcal activities.
  • HY-B1471
    Fluorometholone acetate
    Inhibitor 98.54%
    Fluorometholone acetate is a synthetic glucocorticoid corticosteroid and a corticosteroid ester. Fluorometholone acetate potently inhibits carbonic anhydrase (CA) with IC50s of 2.18 μM and 17.5 μM for hCA-I and hCA-II, respectively. Fluorometholone acetate has anti-inflammatory effect and has the potential for external ocular inflammation research.
  • HY-110243
    CAIX Inhibitor S4
    Inhibitor 98.90%
    CAIX Inhibitor S4 is a potent and selective inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase IX/XII (CA IX/XII), with a Ki of 7 nM and 2 nM, respectively. CAIX Inhibitor S4 also inhibits CA II and CA I (Ki=546 and 5600 nM, respectively). CAIX Inhibitor S4 can inhibit the number of lung metastasis in orthotopic MDA-MB-231 mouse model without affecting primary tumor growth.
  • HY-108316
    Inhibitor 99.76%
    Sultiame is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, widely used as an antiepileptic agent.
  • HY-N0085
    Inhibitor 99.97%
    Dimethylfraxetin is a Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, with a Ki value of 0.0097 μM.
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Species Source

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