1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    Autophagy
    Anti-infection
  2. Carbonic Anhydrase
    Autophagy
    Bacterial
  3. Acetazolamide

Acetazolamide 

Cat. No.: HY-B0782 Purity: 99.97%
Handling Instructions

Acetazolamide is a carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX inhibitor with an IC50 of 30 nM for hCA IX. Acetazolamide has diuretic, antihypertensive and anti-gonococcal activities.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Acetazolamide Chemical Structure

Acetazolamide Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 59-66-5

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Customer Review

Based on 3 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Acetazolamide:

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Description

Acetazolamide is a carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX inhibitor with an IC50 of 30 nM for hCA IX. Acetazolamide has diuretic, antihypertensive and anti-gonococcal activities[1][4][5][6].

IC50 & Target

IC50: 30 nM (hCA IX), 130 nM (hCA II)[1]

In Vitro

Acetazolamide also inhibits hCA II with an IC50 of 130 nM[1].
Acetazolamide (Ace) is a small heteroaromatic sulfonamide that binds to various carbonic anhydrases with high affinity, acting as a carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor[2].
Compared with the control group, the high Acetazolamide concentration (AceH, 50 nM), Cisplatin (Cis; 1 µg/mL) and Cis combined with the low Acetazolamide concentration (AceL, 10 nM) treatments significantly reduces viability of Hep-2 cells[2].
Treatment with the Acetazolamide/Cis combination significantly increases the expression levels of P53, as both AceL+Cis and AceH+Cis treatments result in significantly increased P53 protein expression levels compared with the control group. The Ace/Cis combination treatment significantly reduces the bcl-2/bax expression ratio, and increases the expression of caspase-3 protein, compared with the control group. AceL, AceH, Cis and AceL+Cis treatments significantly reduce the bcl-2/bax ratio compared with the control group[2].
Combined Ace and Cis treatment effectively promotes apoptosis in Hep-2 cells[2].
Combined treatment with Ace/Cis markedly decreases the expression of AQP1 mRNA in Hep-2 cells. Both AceH and AceL+Cis treatments decrease the expression of aquaporin-1 (AQP1) mRNA in Hep-2 cells compared with the control group[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Acetazolamide (40 mg/kg) significantly potentiates the inhibitory effect of MS-275 on tumorigenesis in neuroblastoma (NB) SH-SY5Y xenografts[3].
Acetazolamide (40 mg/kg) and/or MS-275 treatment reduce expression of HIF1-α and CAIX in NB SH-SY5Y xenograft[3].
Acetazolamide (40 mg/kg), MS-275 and Acetazolamide+MS-275 reduce expression of mitotic and proliferative markers in NB SH-SY5Y xenografts[3].
Acetazolamide (50 mg/kg; PO, for 3 days) significantly reduces the gonococcal load in the vagina of infected mice by 90%[6].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

222.25

Formula

C4H6N4O3S2

CAS No.
SMILES

CC(NC1=NN=C(S(=O)(N)=O)S1)=O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 50 mg/mL (224.97 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : 1 mg/mL (4.50 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 4.4994 mL 22.4972 mL 44.9944 mL
5 mM 0.8999 mL 4.4994 mL 8.9989 mL
10 mM 0.4499 mL 2.2497 mL 4.4994 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (11.25 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (11.25 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (11.25 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MCE.
References
Cell Assay

Cell Viability Assay[2]
Cell line: Hep-2 cells and HUVECs
Concentration: 10 nM and 50 nM
Incubation time: 48 h
Assay: The cell viability of Hep-2 cells and HUVECs is measured by MTT assay. Hep-2 cells and HUVECs in logarithmic growth phase are plated in 96-well plates. Following 48 h of drug treatment as indicated, 200 µL MTT (5 mg/mL) is added to each well. Cells are incubated with the MTT solution at 37°C for 4 h. Then, 150 µL DMSO is added for 5 min. The optical density (OD) values are measured at 490 nm with a Versamax Microplate reader.
Note: Combined treatment effectively reduced viability in Hep-2 cells.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration

In vivo studies[3]
Animal model: 4-6 weeks-old female NOD/SCID mice
Dosage: 40 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection, every day for 2 weeks
Administration: Mice are randomized into four groups (5 mice per group). The control and treatment groups receive intraperitoneal injections of vehicle (PBS) or Acetazolamide (40 mg/kg), MS-275 (20 mg/kg) or the combination, respectively, every day for 2 weeks. Experiments are terminated when tumor sizes exceed 2 cm3 in volume or animals show signs of morbidity. Tumor diameters are measured on a daily basis until termination.
Note: Inhibited tumor growth of NB xenografts with significant anti-tumor growth potentiation effect.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Purity: 99.97%

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Acetazolamide
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HY-B0782
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