1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. NOD-like Receptor (NLR)

NOD-like Receptor (NLR)

Nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs) are critical cytoplasmic pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) that play an important role in the host innate immune response and immunity homeostasis. There are 23 NLR family members in humans and at least 34 NLR genes in mice. NLRs are expressed in many cell types including immune cells and epithelial cells, although certain NLR family members are expressed primarily in phagocytes including macrophages and neutrophils. The NLR family are most commonly classified according to their N-terminal domain, falling into one of four subfamilies; NLRA, NLRB, NLRC and NLRP.

The NLRs recognize various ligands from microbial pathogens (peptidoglycan, flagellin, viral RNA, fungal hyphae, etc.), host cells (ATPs, cholesterol crystals, uric acid, etc.), and environmental sources (alum, asbestos, silica, alloy particles, UV radiation, skin irritants, etc.). Most NLRs act as PRRs, recognizing the above ligands and activate inflammatory responses. However, some NLRs may not act as PRRs but instead respond to cytokines such as interferons. The activated NLRs show various functions that can be divided into four broad categories: inflammasome formation, signaling transduction, transcription activation, and autophagy.

NOD-like Receptor (NLR) Related Products (31):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-12815A
    MCC950 sodium
    Inhibitor 99.61%
    MCC950 sodium (CP-456773 sodium; CRID3 sodium salt) is a potent, selective NLRP3 inhibitor with IC50s of 7.5 and 8.1 nM in BMDMs and HMDMs, respectively.
  • HY-100381
    Nigericin sodium salt
    Activator ≥98.0%
    Nigericin sodium salt is an antibiotic from Streptomyces hygroscopicus that works by acting as an H+, K+, and Pb2+ ionophore, a NLRP3 activator.
  • HY-103666
    CY-09
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    CY-09 is a selective and direct NLRP3 inhibitor. CY-09 directly binds to the ATP-binding motif of NLRP3 NACHT domain and inhibits NLRP3 ATPase activity, resulting in the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome assembly and activation.
  • HY-17629
    Dapansutrile
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Dapansutrile is a potent, selective and orally active inhibitor of NLRP3 inflammasome. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic activity.
  • HY-B0116
    Stavudine
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Stavudine (d4T) is an orally active nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Stavudine has activity against HIV-1 and HIV-2. Stavudine also inhibits the replication of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Stavudine reduces NLRP3 inflammasome activation and modulates Amyloid-β autophagy. Stavudine induces apoptosis.
  • HY-101092
    QS-21
    Activator
    QS-21, an immunostimulatory saponin, could be used as a potent vaccine adjuvant. QS-21 stimulates Th2 humoral and Th1 cell-mediated immune responses through action on antigen presenting cells (APCs) and T cells. QS-21 can activate the NLRP3 inflammasome with subsequent release of caspase-1 dependent cytokines, IL-1β and IL-18.
  • HY-120007
    JC124
    Inhibitor
    JC124 is a specific NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor. JC124 has anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects.
  • HY-139396
    BMS-986299
    Agonist
    BMS-986299 (compound 112) is a first-in-class NLRP3 inflammasome agonist with an EC50 of 1.28 μM. (patent WO2018152396A1).
  • HY-116084
    Trimethylamine N-oxide
    Activator ≥98.0%
    Trimethylamine N-oxide is a gut microbe-dependent metabolite of dietary choline and other trimethylamine-containing nutrients. Trimethylamine N-oxide induces inflammation by activating the ROS/NLRP3 inflammasome. Trimethylamine N-oxide also accelerates fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation and induces cardiac fibrosis by activating the TGF-β/smad2 signaling pathway.
  • HY-N0633
    Muscone
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Muscone is the main active monomer of traditional Chinese medicine musk. Muscone inhibits NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Muscone remarkably decreases the levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6), and ultimately improves cardiac function and survival rate.
  • HY-18639
    Nodinitib-1
    Inhibitor 99.58%
    Nodinitib-1 (ML130;CID-1088438) is a NOD1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.56 μM.
  • HY-136555
    GSK717
    Inhibitor 99.83%
    GSK717 is a potent, selective NOD2 (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2) inhibitor. GSK717 inhibits muramyl dipeptide (MDP)-induced NOD2-mediated signaling, with an IC50 of 400 nM for MDP-stimulated IL-8 secretion in HEK293/hNOD2 cells.
  • HY-N0139
    Troxerutin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Troxerutin, also known as vitamin P4, is a tri-hydroxyethylated derivative of natural bioflavonoid rutins which can inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depress ER stress-mediated NOD activation.
  • HY-101868
    INF39
    Inhibitor 99.88%
    INF39 is an irreversible and noncytotoxic NLRP3 inhibitor.
  • HY-W011082
    NLRP3-IN-2
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    NLRP3-IN-2, an intermediate substrate in the synthesis of glyburide, inhibits the formation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in cardiomyocytes and limits the infarct size following myocardial ischemia/reperfusion in the mouse, without affecting glucose metabolism.
  • HY-N0279
    Cardamonin
    Inhibitor 98.54%
    Cardamonin (Cardamomin) acts as an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activator. Cardamonin alleviates inflammatory bowel disease by the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation via an AhR/Nrf2/NQO1 pathway.
  • HY-100691
    NOD-IN-1
    Inhibitor 99.70%
    NOD-IN-1 is a potent mixed inhibitor of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors, NOD1 and NOD2, with IC50 of 5.74 μM and 6.45 μM, respectively.
  • HY-N0496
    Ruscogenin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Ruscogenin, an important steroid sapogenin derived from Ophiopogon japonicus, attenuates cerebral ischemia-induced blood-brain barrier dysfunction by suppressing TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation and the MAPK pathway and exerts significant anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic activities.
  • HY-16059
    Arglabin
    Inhibitor 99.17%
    Arglabin ((+)-Arglabin), a natural product isolated from Artemisia glabella, is a NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor. Arglabin shows anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. The antitumor activity of Arglabin proceeds through its inhibition of farnesyl transferase which leads to the activation of RAS proto-oncogene.
  • HY-130252
    YQ128
    Inhibitor 99.65%
    YQ128 is a potent and selective second-generation NLRP3 (NOD-like receptor P3) inflammasome inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.30 µM. YQ128 significantly and selectively suppresses the production of IL-1β, but not TNF-α, and it can cross the BBB to reach the CNS. YQ128 has anti-inflammatory activity.
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