1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. Orexin Receptor (OX Receptor)

Orexin Receptor (OX Receptor)

The orexin receptors (hypocretin receptors) are a family of G protein-coupled receptors and consist of orexin receptor 1 (OX1R) and orexin receptor 2 (OX2R) subtypes. Orexin receptors are expressed throughout the central nervous system and are involved in the regulation of the sleep/wake cycle.

Orexin A binding to OX1R and OX2R with similar affinity, and orexin B binding to OX2 with higher affinity than OX1R. OX1R is mainly expressed in the prefrontal and infralimbic cortex, hippocampus, paraventricular thalamic nucleus, and locus coeruleus. OX2R is mainly distributed in the cerebral cortex, septal nuclei, lateral hypothalamus, hippocampus, and hypothalamic nuclei.

Both OX1R and OX2R are coupled via Gq/11 to the activation of phospholipase C, leading to an elevation of intracellular Ca2+ levels. Moreover, OX2R also couples via Gs and Gi/o to the cAMP pathways.

Orexin Receptor (OX Receptor) Related Products (45):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-16725
    Lemborexant
    Antagonist 99.92%
    Lemborexant (E-2006) is a reversible, competitive and orally active dual antagonist of the orexin OX1 and OX2 receptors with IC50 values of 6.1 nM and 2.6 nM, respectively. Lemborexant can be treated insomnia.
  • HY-106224A
    Orexin A (human, rat, mouse) (TFA)
    Agonist 98.33%
    Orexin A human, rat, mouse TFA, a 33 amino acid excitatory neuropeptide, orchestrates diverse central and peripheral processes. Orexin A human, rat, mouse TFA is a specific, high-affinity agonist for G-protein-coupled receptor OX1R. Orexin A human, rat, mouse TFA has a role in the regulation of feeding behavior. Orexin A human, rat, mouse TFA is an effective anti-nociceptive and anti-hyperalgesic agent in mice and rats.
  • HY-10805
    Almorexant
    Antagonist 99.01%
    Almorexant (ACT 078573) is an orally active, potent and competitive dual orexin receptor antagonist, with Kd values of 1.3 nM (OX1) and 0.17 nM (OX2), respectively. Almorexant reversibly blocks signaling of orexin-A and orexin-B peptides. Almorexant totally blocked the intracellular Ca2+ signal pathway. Almorexant stimulates caspase-3 activity in AsPC-1 cells and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-10895A
    SB-334867 free base
    Antagonist 99.89%
    SB-334867 free base (SB334867A free base) is an excellent, selective and blood–brain barrier permeable orexin-1 (OX1) receptor antagonist, shows selectivity over OX2 (pKb=7.4), 100-fold over 5-HT2B, 5-HT2C with pKi values of 5.4 and 5.3, respectively. SB-334867 reduces ethanol consumption and inhibits the acquisition of morphine-induced sensitization to locomotor activity in vivo.
  • HY-10805A
    Almorexant hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.94%
    Almorexant (ACT 078573) hydrochloride is an orally active, potent and competitive dual orexin receptor antagonist, with Kd values of 1.3 nM (OX1) and 0.17 nM (OX2), respectively. Almorexant hydrochloride reversibly blocks signaling of orexin-A and orexin-B peptides. Almorexant hydrochloride totally blocked the intracellular Ca2+ signal pathway. Almorexant hydrochloride stimulates caspase-3 activity in AsPC-1 cells and induces apoptosis.
  • HY-P1349A
    Orexin B, rat, mouse TFA
    Agonist 98.49%
    Orexin B, rat, mouse (Rat orexin B) TFA is an endogenous orexin receptor agonist. Orexin B, rat, mouse TFA binds and activates two closely related orphan G protein-coupled receptors OX1-R and OX2-R. Orexin B, rat, mouse TFA stimulates food intake and energy expenditure and plays a significant role in sleep-wakefulness regulation.
  • HY-147294
    Nivasorexant
    Antagonist
    Nivasorexant is a potent orexin receptor antagonist.
  • HY-100452A
    TCS-OX2-29 hydrochloride
    Antagonist
    TCS-OX2-29 (hydrochloride) is a potent, high affinities and selective orexin-2 receptor (OX2R) antagonist with an IC50 value of 40 nM and a pKI value of 7.5. TCS-OX2-29 displays ~250-fold selectivity for OX2 over OX1.
  • HY-109012
    Seltorexant
    Antagonist 99.62%
    Seltorexant (JNJ-42847922) is an orally active, high-affinity, and selective orexin-2 receptor (OX2R) antagonist (pKi values of 8.0 and 8.1 for human and rat OX2R). Seltorexant (JNJ-42847922) crosses the blood-brain barrier and quickly occupies OX2R binding sites in the rat brain.
  • HY-19320
    Orexin 2 Receptor Agonist
    Agonist 99.75%
    Orexin 2 Receptor Agonist is a potent (EC50 on OX2R is 23 nM) and OX2R-selective (OX1R/OX2R EC50 ratio is 70) agonist.
  • HY-15653
    Filorexant
    Antagonist 99.35%
    Filorexant (MK-6096) is an orally bioavailable potent and selective reversible antagonist of OX1 and OX2 receptor(<3 nM in binding).
  • HY-109012A
    Seltorexant hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.94%
    Seltorexant hydrochloride (JNJ-42847922 hydrochloride) is an orally active, high-affinity, and selective OX2R antagonist (pKi values of 8.0 and 8.1 for human and rat OX2R). Seltorexant hydrochloride crosses the blood-brain barrier and quickly occupies OX2R binding sites in the rat brain.
  • HY-10900
    TCS 1102
    Antagonist 99.64%
    TCS 1102 is a potent, dual orexin receptor antagonist (Ki values are 0.2 and 3 nM for OX2 and OX1 receptors respectively).
  • HY-106224
    Orexin A (human, rat, mouse)
    Agonist 99.15%
    Orexin A human, rat, mouse, a 33 amino acid excitatory neuropeptide, orchestrates diverse central and peripheral processes. Orexin A human, rat, mouse is a specific, high-affinity agonist for G-protein-coupled receptor OX1R. Orexin A human, rat, mouse has a role in the regulation of feeding behavior. Orexin A human, rat, mouse is an effective anti-nociceptive and anti-hyperalgesic agent in mice and rats.
  • HY-19914
    MK-1064
    Antagonist 99.48%
    MK-1064 is a selective orexin 2 receptor antagonist (2-SORA) for the research of insomnia.
  • HY-100452
    TCS-OX2-29
    Antagonist 99.24%
    TCS-OX2-29 is a potent, high affinities and selective orexin-2 receptor (OX2R) antagonist with an IC50 value of 40 nM and a pKI value of 7.5. TCS-OX2-29 displays ~250-fold selectivity for OX2 over OX1.
  • HY-10896
    JNJ-10397049
    Antagonist 98.72%
    JNJ-10397049 is a potent and selective orexin 2 receptor (OX2R) antagonist, with a pKi of 8.3. JNJ-10397049 is 600-fold selective for the OX2R over the OX1R.
  • HY-10806
    SB-649868
    Antagonist 99.35%
    SB-649868 is a potent and selective orally active orexin (OX) 1 and OX2 receptor antagonist (pKi =9.4 and 9.5 at the OX1 and OX2 receptor, respectively).
  • HY-101534
    GSK1059865
    Antagonist 99.94%
    GSK1059865 is a potent orexin 1 receptor antagonist.
  • HY-10898
    SB-674042
    Antagonist 99.52%
    SB-674042 is a potent and selective non-peptide orexin OX1 receptor antagonist (Kd = 3.76 nM); exhibits 100-fold selectivity for OX1 over OX2 receptors.
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