1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a class of proteins that play a key role in the innate immune system. They are single, membrane-spanning, non-catalytic receptors usually expressed in sentinel cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, that recognize structurally conserved molecules derived from microbes. Once these microbes have breached physical barriers such as the skin or intestinal tract mucosa, they are recognized by TLRs, which activate immune cell responses. The TLRs include TLR1, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR6, TLR7, TLR8, TLR9, TLR10, TLR11, TLR12, and TLR13. Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) play a critical role in the early innate immune response to invading pathogens by sensing microorganism and are involved in sensing endogenous danger signals. TLRs are evolutionarily conserved receptors are homologues of the Drosophila Toll protein, discovered to be important for defense against microbial infection. TLRs recognize highly conserved structural motifs known as pathogen-associated microbial patterns (PAMPs), which are exclusively expressed by microbial pathogens.

Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Isoform Specific Products:

  • TLR3

  • TLR8

  • TLR9

  • TLR2

  • TLR4

  • TLR7

  • TLR1

  • TLR6

Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Related Products (94):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine
    Inhibitor 99.50%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-13740
    Resiquimod
    Agonist 99.95%
    Resiquimod is a Toll-like receptor 7 and 8 (TLR7/TLR8) agonist that induces the upregulation of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-α.
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial agent which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
  • HY-134581A
    Enpatoran hydrochloride
    Inhibitor 98.82%
    Enpatoran (M5049) hydrochloride is a potent, orally active and dual TLR7/8 inhibitor with IC50s of 11.1 nM and 24.1 nM in HEK293 cells, respectively. Enpatoran hydrochloride is inactive against TLR3, TLR4 and TLR9. Enpatoran hydrochloride can block molecule synthetic ligands and natural endogenous RNA ligands. Enpatoran hydrochloride exhibits excellent pharmacokinetic properties in vivo. Enpatoran hydrochloride can be used for both innate and adaptive autoimmunity blocking research.
  • HY-124603
    AT791
    Inhibitor 98.77%
    AT791 is a potent and orally bioavailable TLR7 and TLR9 inhibitor. AT791 inhibits TLR7 and 9 signaling in a variety of human and mouse cell types and inhibits DNA-TLR9 interaction in vitro.
  • HY-135905
    CL264
    Inhibitor 98.63%
    CL264 is a TLR7-specific agonist for innate immune signals research.
  • HY-100461
    C29
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    C29 is a Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) inhibitor. C29 blocks hTLR2/1 and hTLR2/6 signaling with IC50s of 19.7 and 37.6 μM, respectively.
  • HY-B0180
    Imiquimod
    Agonist 99.96%
    Imiquimod (R 837), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
  • HY-109104
    Telratolimod
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    Telratolimod (MEDI9197) is a potent toll like receptors 7/8 (TLR7/8) agonist, with antitumor activity.
  • HY-129522
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN
    Activator 99.36%
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN (CZ-48) is a mimetic of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN acts selectively, activating SARM1 but inhibiting CD38 (IC50 around 10 μM). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN induces intracellular cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) production.
  • HY-135748
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium
    Agonist ≥99.0%
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium (Poly(I:C) sodium) is a synthetic analog of double-stranded RNA and an agonist of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RIG-I and MDA5). Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium can be used as a vaccine adjuvant to enhance innate and adaptive immune responses, and to alter the tumor microenvironment. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium can directly trigger cancer cells to undergo apoptosis.
  • HY-B0180A
    Imiquimod hydrochloride
    Agonist 99.80%
    Imiquimod hydrochloride (R 837 hydrochloride), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod hydrochloride exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod hydrochloride can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
  • HY-13773
    Motolimod
    Agonist 99.17%
    Motolimod (VTX-2337;VTX-378) is a selective Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist, with an EC50 of approximately 100 nM.
  • HY-15601
    Vesatolimod
    Agonist 99.90%
    Vesatolimod (GS-9620) is a potent, selective and orally active agonist of Toll-Like Receptor (TLR7) with an EC50 of 291 nM.
  • HY-108471
    CU-CPT22
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    CU-CPT22 is a potent protein complex of toll-like receptor 1 and 2 (TLR1/2) inhibitor, and competes with the synthetic triacylated lipoprotein (Pam3CSK4) binding to TLR1/2 with a Ki of 0.41 µM. CU-CPT22 blocks Pam3CSK4-induced TLR1/2 activation with an IC50 of 0.58 µM.
  • HY-109137
    Selgantolimod
    Agonist 99.17%
    Selgantolimod (GS-9688) is an orally active, potent and selective toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist for the treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • HY-110353
    CU-T12-9
    Agonist 99.94%
    CU-T12-9 is a specific TLR1/2 agonist with EC50 of 52.9 nM in HEK-Blue hTLR2 SEAP assay. CU-T12-9 activates both the innate and the adaptive immune systems. CU-T12-9 selectively activates the TLR1/2 heterodimer, not TLR2/6. CU-T12-9 signals through NF-κB and invokes an elevation of the downstream effectors TNF-α, IL-10, and iNOS.
  • HY-116961
    TH1020
    Antagonist 99.69%
    TH1020 is a potent and selective toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5)/flagellin complex antagonist with an IC50 of 0.85 μM. TH1020 inhbits flagellin-induced TLR5 signaling. TH1020 is inactive against TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR7 and TLR8.
Isoform Specific Products

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