1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a class of proteins that play a key role in the innate immune system. They are single, membrane-spanning, non-catalytic receptors usually expressed in sentinel cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, that recognize structurally conserved molecules derived from microbes. Once these microbes have breached physical barriers such as the skin or intestinal tract mucosa, they are recognized by TLRs, which activate immune cell responses. The TLRs include TLR1, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR6, TLR7, TLR8, TLR9, TLR10, TLR11, TLR12, and TLR13. Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) play a critical role in the early innate immune response to invading pathogens by sensing microorganism and are involved in sensing endogenous danger signals. TLRs are evolutionarily conserved receptors are homologues of the Drosophila Toll protein, discovered to be important for defense against microbial infection. TLRs recognize highly conserved structural motifs known as pathogen-associated microbial patterns (PAMPs), which are exclusively expressed by microbial pathogens.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine
    Inhibitor 99.98%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-D1056
    Lipopolysaccharides
    Activator
    Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) is an endotoxin derived from the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consists of an antigen O-specific chain, a core oligosaccharide and lipid A. Lipopolysaccharides is a pathogenic associated molecular pattern (PAMP) that activates the immune system. Lipopolysaccharides activates TLR-4 on immune cells. This product is derived from Escherichia coli O55:B5.
  • HY-13740
    Resiquimod
    Agonist 99.95%
    Resiquimod is a Toll-like receptor 7 and 8 (TLR7/TLR8) agonist that induces the upregulation of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-α.
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-146245
    ODN 1826
    Agonist 99.76%
    ODN 1826, a class B CpG ODN (oligodeoxynucleotide), is a TLR9 agonist. CpG ODN 1826 is an excellent immunostimulator that induces NO and iNOS production in the murine model. CpG ODN 1826 enhances cell apoptosis. ODN 1826 sequence: 5’-tccatgacgttcctgacgtt-3’.
  • HY-150724
    ODN 1018
    Agonist
    ODN 1018 (1018 ISS), an oligodeoxynucleotide, is a TLR-9 agonist. ODN 1018 is also a synthetic immunostimulatory sequence that can be used as vaccine adjuvant. Sequence: 5′-TGACTGTGAACGTTCGAGATGA-3′.
  • HY-150741
    ODN 2216
    Agonist
    ODN 2216 is a TLR9 (toll-like receptor 9) ligand or agonist. ODN 2216 induces high amounts of IFN-α and IFN-β. ODN 2216 induces IFN-α by pDC (plasmacytoid DC) and IL-12 (p40) production by DC (dendritic cells). ODN 2216 stimulates IFN-γ production in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), which is indirect and mediated by IFN-α/β. ODN 2216 can activate NK cells and promote IFN-γ production of TCR-triggered CD4+ T cells.
  • HY-100461
    C29
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    C29 is a Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) inhibitor. C29 blocks hTLR2/1 and hTLR2/6 signaling with IC50s of 19.7 and 37.6 μM, respectively.
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate
    Inhibitor 99.99%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial agent which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
  • HY-B0180
    Imiquimod
    Agonist 99.96%
    Imiquimod (R 837), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
  • HY-107202
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid
    Antagonist
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (Poly(I:C)) is a synthetic double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), which is a Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) agonist. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid presents in some viruses, and is therefore commonly used to model the actions of extracellular dsRNA.
  • HY-129522
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN
    Activator 99.36%
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN (CZ-48) is a mimetic of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN acts selectively, activating SARM1 but inhibiting CD38 (IC50 around 10 μM). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN induces intracellular cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) production.
  • HY-W031727
    Hydroxychloroquine
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Hydroxychloroquine is a synthetic antimalarial agent which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
  • HY-B0180A
    Imiquimod hydrochloride
    Agonist 99.80%
    Imiquimod hydrochloride (R 837 hydrochloride), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod hydrochloride exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod hydrochloride can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
  • HY-135748
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium
    Agonist ≥99.0%
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium (Poly(I:C) sodium) is a synthetic analog of double-stranded RNA and an agonist of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RIG-I and MDA5). Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium can be used as a vaccine adjuvant to enhance innate and adaptive immune responses, and to alter the tumor microenvironment. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium can directly trigger cancer cells to undergo apoptosis.
  • HY-109104
    Telratolimod
    Agonist 99.04%
    Telratolimod (MEDI9197) is a potent toll like receptors 7/8 (TLR7/8) agonist, with antitumor activity.
  • HY-15601
    Vesatolimod
    Agonist 99.90%
    Vesatolimod (GS-9620) is a potent, selective and orally active agonist of Toll-Like Receptor (TLR7) with an EC50 of 291 nM.
  • HY-134581
    Enpatoran
    Inhibitor 99.77%
    Enpatoran (M5049) is a potent, orally active and dual TLR7/8 inhibitor with IC50s of 11.1 nM and 24.1 nM in HEK293 cells, respectively. Enpatoran is inactive against TLR3, TLR4 and TLR9. Enpatoran can block molecule synthetic ligands and natural endogenous RNA ligands. Enpatoran exhibits excellent pharmacokinetic properties in vivo. Enpatoran can be used for both innate and adaptive autoimmunity blocking research .
  • HY-P1180A
    Pam3CSK4 TFA
    Agonist 98.76%
    Pam3CSK4 TFA is a toll-like receptor 1/2 (TLR1/2) agonist with an EC50 of 0.47 ng/mL for human TLR1/2.
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