1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a class of proteins that play a key role in the innate immune system. They are single, membrane-spanning, non-catalytic receptors usually expressed in sentinel cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, that recognize structurally conserved molecules derived from microbes. Once these microbes have breached physical barriers such as the skin or intestinal tract mucosa, they are recognized by TLRs, which activate immune cell responses. The TLRs include TLR1, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR6, TLR7, TLR8, TLR9, TLR10, TLR11, TLR12, and TLR13. Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) play a critical role in the early innate immune response to invading pathogens by sensing microorganism and are involved in sensing endogenous danger signals. TLRs are evolutionarily conserved receptors are homologues of the Drosophila Toll protein, discovered to be important for defense against microbial infection. TLRs recognize highly conserved structural motifs known as pathogen-associated microbial patterns (PAMPs), which are exclusively expressed by microbial pathogens.

Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Related Products (61):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid Inhibitor 99.95%
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-R and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate Inhibitor 99.99%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial drug which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
  • HY-13740
    Resiquimod Agonist 99.95%
    Resiquimod is a Toll-like receptor 7 and 8 (TLR7/TLR8) agonist that induces the upregulation of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-α.
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine Inhibitor 99.15%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-107575
    TLR4-IN-C34 Inhibitor >98.0%
    TLR4-IN-C34 is an orally active TLR4 inhibitor and reduces systemic inflammation in models of endotoxemia and necrotizing enterocolitis.
  • HY-129522
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN Activator
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN (CZ-48) is a mimetic of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN acts selectively, activating SARM1 but inhibiting CD38 (IC50 around 10 μM). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN induces intracellular cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) production.
  • HY-100461
    C29 Inhibitor >98.0%
    C29 is a Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) inhibitor. C29 blocks hTLR2/1 and hTLR2/6 signaling with IC50s of 19.7 and 37.6 μM, respectively.
  • HY-B0180
    Imiquimod Agonist 99.96%
    Imiquimod (R 837) is an immune response modifier that acts as a toll-like receptor 7 agonist.
  • HY-15601
    Vesatolimod Agonist 99.90%
    Vesatolimod (GS-9620) is a potent, selective and orally active agonist of Toll-Like Receptor (TLR7) with an EC50 of 291 nM.
  • HY-108471
    CU-CPT22 Inhibitor >99.0%
    CU-CPT22 is a potent protein complex of toll-like receptor 1 and 2 (TLR1/2) inhibitor, and competes with the synthetic triacylated lipoprotein (Pam3CSK4) binding to TLR1/2 with a Ki of 0.41 µM. CU-CPT22 blocks Pam3CSK4-induced TLR1/2 activation with an IC50 of 0.58 µM.
  • HY-13773
    Motolimod Agonist 98.83%
    Motolimod (VTX-2337;VTX-378) is a selective Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist, with an EC50 of approximately 100 nM.
  • HY-109104
    Telratolimod Agonist >98.0%
    Telratolimod (MEDI9197) is a potent toll like receptors 7/8 (TLR7/8) agonist, with antitumor activity.
  • HY-103698A
    TLR7/8 agonist 1 dihydrochloride Agonist 98.47%
    TLR7/8 agonist 1 dihydrochloride is a toll-like receptor TLR7/TLR8 dual-agonistic imidazoquinoline.
  • HY-103483
    MD2-IN-1 Inhibitor 99.85%
    MD2-IN-1 is an inhibitor of Myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD2) with a KD of 189  μM for the recombinant human MD2 (rhMD2).
  • HY-103697A
    Gardiquimod diTFA Agonist >99.0%
    Gardiquimod diTFA, an imidazoquinoline analog, is a TLR7/8 agonist. Gardiquimod diTFA could inhibit HIV-1 infection of macrophages and activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Gardiquimod diTFA specifically activates TLR7 when used at concentrations below 10 μM.
  • HY-110353
    CU-T12-9 Agonist 99.94%
    CU-T12-9 is a specific TLR1/2 agonist with EC50 of 52.9 nM in HEK-Blue hTLR2 SEAP assay. CU-T12-9 activates both the innate and the adaptive immune systems. CU-T12-9 selectively activates the TLR1/2 heterodimer, not TLR2/6. CU-T12-9 signals through NF-κB and invokes an elevation of the downstream effectors TNF-α, IL-10, and iNOS.
  • HY-125171
    IAXO-102 Antagonist >98.0%
    IAXO-102 is a TLR4 antagonist which negatively regulates TLR4 signalling. It inhibits MAPK and p65 NF-κB phosphorylation and expression of TLR4 dependent proinflammatory protein. IAXO-102 also prevents experimental abdominal aortic aneurysm development.
  • HY-112667
    CU-CPT-9a Antagonist 99.66%
    CU-CPT-9a is a specific TLR8 antagonist, with an IC50 of 0.5 nM.
  • HY-112050
    CU-CPT-8m Antagonist 99.98%
    CU-CPT-8m is a specific TLR8 antagonist, with an IC50 of 67 nM.
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