1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like Receptor (TLR)

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a class of proteins that play a key role in the innate immune system. They are single, membrane-spanning, non-catalytic receptors usually expressed in sentinel cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, that recognize structurally conserved molecules derived from microbes. Once these microbes have breached physical barriers such as the skin or intestinal tract mucosa, they are recognized by TLRs, which activate immune cell responses. The TLRs include TLR1, TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR5, TLR6, TLR7, TLR8, TLR9, TLR10, TLR11, TLR12, and TLR13. Toll-Like Receptors (TLRs) play a critical role in the early innate immune response to invading pathogens by sensing microorganism and are involved in sensing endogenous danger signals. TLRs are evolutionarily conserved receptors are homologues of the Drosophila Toll protein, discovered to be important for defense against microbial infection. TLRs recognize highly conserved structural motifs known as pathogen-associated microbial patterns (PAMPs), which are exclusively expressed by microbial pathogens.

Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Isoform Specific Products:

  • TLR3

  • TLR8

  • TLR9

  • TLR2

  • TLR4

  • TLR7

  • TLR1

  • TLR6

Toll-like Receptor (TLR) Related Products (74):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid Inhibitor 99.95%
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine Inhibitor 99.50%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
  • HY-13740
    Resiquimod Agonist 99.95%
    Resiquimod is a Toll-like receptor 7 and 8 (TLR7/TLR8) agonist that induces the upregulation of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-α.
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial agent which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
  • HY-P2036A
    FSL-1 TFA Agonist 99.58%
    FSL-1 TFA, a bacterial-derived toll-like receptor 2/6 (TLR2/6) agonist, enhances resistance to experimental HSV-2 infection. FSL-1 TFA induces MMP-9 production through TLR2 and NF-κB/AP-1 signaling pathways in monocytic THP-1 cells.
  • HY-117066
    CL075 Agonist ≥99.0%
    CL075 (3M002) is a selective TLR8 agonist with immunomodulating properties. CL075 triggers a MyD88-dependent signaling pathway to elicit production of inflammatory cytokines and type I interferons (IFNs) via activation of NF-κB and IRF7, respectively.
  • HY-134581
    Enpatoran Inhibitor
    Enpatoran (M5049) is an orally active and dual TLR7/8 inhibitor with IC50s of 11.1 nM and 24.1 nM in HEK293 cells, respectively. Enpatoran can block both innate and adaptive autoimmunity. Enpatoran is inactive against TLR3, TLR4 and TLR9. Enpatoran (M5049) can block molecule synthetic ligands and natural endogenous RNA ligands. Enpatoran (M5049) inhibits cytokine release, causing great potency in pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic properties.
  • HY-100461
    C29 Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    C29 is a Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) inhibitor. C29 blocks hTLR2/1 and hTLR2/6 signaling with IC50s of 19.7 and 37.6 μM, respectively.
  • HY-B0180
    Imiquimod Agonist 99.96%
    Imiquimod (R 837), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
  • HY-109104
    Telratolimod Agonist ≥98.0%
    Telratolimod (MEDI9197) is a potent toll like receptors 7/8 (TLR7/8) agonist, with antitumor activity.
  • HY-13773
    Motolimod Agonist 98.58%
    Motolimod (VTX-2337;VTX-378) is a selective Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist, with an EC50 of approximately 100 nM.
  • HY-108471
    CU-CPT22 Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    CU-CPT22 is a potent protein complex of toll-like receptor 1 and 2 (TLR1/2) inhibitor, and competes with the synthetic triacylated lipoprotein (Pam3CSK4) binding to TLR1/2 with a Ki of 0.41 µM. CU-CPT22 blocks Pam3CSK4-induced TLR1/2 activation with an IC50 of 0.58 µM.
  • HY-15601
    Vesatolimod Agonist 99.90%
    Vesatolimod (GS-9620) is a potent, selective and orally active agonist of Toll-Like Receptor (TLR7) with an EC50 of 291 nM.
  • HY-129522
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN Activator 99.36%
    Sulfo-ara-F-NMN (CZ-48) is a mimetic of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN acts selectively, activating SARM1 but inhibiting CD38 (IC50 around 10 μM). Sulfo-ara-F-NMN induces intracellular cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) production.
  • HY-135748
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium Agonist ≥99.0%
    Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium (Poly(I:C) sodium) is a synthetic analog of double-stranded RNA and an agonist of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RIG-I and MDA5). Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium can be used as a vaccine adjuvant to enhance innate and adaptive immune responses, and to alter the tumor microenvironment. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium can directly trigger cancer cells to undergo apoptosis.
  • HY-B0180A
    Imiquimod hydrochloride Agonist 99.80%
    Imiquimod hydrochloride (R 837 hydrochloride), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod hydrochloride exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod hydrochloride can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
  • HY-103483
    MD2-IN-1 Inhibitor 99.85%
    MD2-IN-1 is an inhibitor of Myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD2) with a KD of 189  μM for the recombinant human MD2 (rhMD2).
  • HY-109137
    Selgantolimod Agonist 99.17%
    Selgantolimod (GS-9688) is an orally active, potent and selective toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist for the treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • HY-110353
    CU-T12-9 Agonist 99.94%
    CU-T12-9 is a specific TLR1/2 agonist with EC50 of 52.9 nM in HEK-Blue hTLR2 SEAP assay. CU-T12-9 activates both the innate and the adaptive immune systems. CU-T12-9 selectively activates the TLR1/2 heterodimer, not TLR2/6. CU-T12-9 signals through NF-κB and invokes an elevation of the downstream effectors TNF-α, IL-10, and iNOS.
Isoform Specific Products

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