1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  3. DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker

DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker

DNA alkylator/crosslinker is a molecule that alkylates DNA or can cross link with DNA. DNA alkylator/crosslinker can have mutagenic, pharmaceutical, or other effects. Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another. The alkyl group may be transferred as an alkyl carbocation, a free radical, a carbanion or a carbene. Alkylating agents are widely used in chemistry because the alkyl group is probably the most common group encountered in organic molecules. Selective alkylation, or adding parts to the chain with the desired functional groups, is used, especially if there is no commonly available biological precursor. Alkylation with only one carbon is termed methylation. In medicine, alkylation of DNA is used in chemotherapy to damage the DNA of cancer cells. Alkylation is accomplished with the class of drugs called alkylating antineoplastic agents. Crosslinking of DNA occurs when various exogenous or endogenous agents react with two different positions in the DNA. This can either occur in the same strand (intrastrand crosslink) or in the opposite strands of the DNA (interstrand crosslink). Crosslinks also occur between DNA and protein. DNA replication is blocked by crosslinks, which causes replication arrest and cell death if the crosslink is not repaired. The RAD51 family plays a role in repair.

DNA Alkylator/Crosslinker Related Products (109):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17394
    Cisplatin (CDDP) is an antineoplastic chemotherapy agent by cross-linking with DNA and causing DNA damage in cancer cells. Cisplatin activates ferroptosis and induces autophagy.
  • HY-17364
    Temozolomide (NSC 362856) is an oral active DNA alkylating agent that crosses the blood-brain barrier. Temozolomide is also a proautophagic and proapoptotic agent. Temozolomide is effective against tumor cells that are characterized by low levels of O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase (OGAT) and a functional mismatch repair system. Temozolomide has antitumor and antiangiogenic effects.
  • HY-17420
    Cyclophosphamide is a synthetic alkylating agent chemically related to the nitrogen mustards with antineoplastic activity, a immunosuppressant.
  • HY-17393
    Carboplatin (NSC 241240) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor which binds to DNA, inhibits replication and transcription and induces cell death. Carboplatin (NSC 241240) is a derivative of CDDP and a potent anti-cancer agent.
  • HY-13753
    Streptozocin is a potent DNA-methylating antibiotic. Streptozotocin causes methylation of liver and kidney and pancreatic DNA, but no methylation in brain DNA.
  • HY-13739
    Ranimustine (MCNU) is a nitrosourea alkylating agent, can be used for research of chronic myelogenous leukemia and polycythemia vera.
  • HY-139453A
    LP-284 is a potent DNA alkylating agent that kills solid tumours. LP-284 can be used in the studies of hematologic cancers with compromised DNA repair, such as mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).
  • HY-147740
    WEHI-150 is a replica of mitoxantrone, is a portent DNA interstrand crosslink
  • HY-34758
    N-Nitroso-N-methylurea (NMU;MNU;NMH) is a potent carcinogen, mutagen and teratogenand. N-Nitroso-N-methylurea is a direct-acting alkylating agent that interacts with DNA. N-Nitroso-N-methylurea targets multiple animal organs to cause various cancer and/or degenerative disease. N-Nitroso-N-methylurea is also a precursor in the synthesis of diazomethane.
  • HY-B0245
    Busulfan is a potent alkylating antineoplastic agent. Busulfan causes DNA damage by cross-linking DNAs and DNA and proteins. Busulfan inhibits thioredoxin reductase. Busulfan induces apoptosis. Busulfan is an immunosuppressive and myeloablative chemotherapeutic drug.
  • HY-16293
    Lurbinectedin (PM01183) is a DNA minor groove covalent binder with potent anti-tumour activity; inhibits RMG1 and RMG2 cell growth with IC50 values of 1.25 and 1.16 nM, respectively.
  • HY-19609
    Calicheamicin, an antitumor antibiotic, is a cytotoxic agent that causes double-strand DNA breaks. Calicheamicin is a DNA synthesis inhibitor.
  • HY-111375
    Azoxymethane is a colon carcinogen which leads to the formation of DNA adducts.
  • HY-137316A
    Phosphoramide mustard (cyclohexanamine)
    Phosphoramide mustard cyclohexanamine is a biologically active metabolite of Cyclophosphamide (HY-17420), with anticancer activitiy. Phosphoramide mustard cyclohexanamine induces DNA damage.
  • HY-17419
    Ifosfamide is an alkylating chemotherapeutic agent with activity against a wide range of tumors.
  • HY-13585
    Carmustine is an antitumor chemotherapeutic agent, which works by akylating DNA and RNA.
  • HY-128612
    Methylnitronitrosoguanidine (MNNG) is an orally active alkylating agent with toxic and mutagenic effects. Methylnitronitrosoguanidine can as a carcinogen and mutagen.
  • HY-B0077
    Bendamustine hydrochloride
    Bendamustine hydrochloride (SDX-105), a purine analogue, is a DNA cross-linking agent. Bendamustine hydrochloride activats DNA-damage stress response and apoptosis. Bendamustine hydrochloride has potent alkylating, anticancer and antimetabolite properties.
  • HY-17420A
    Cyclophosphamide hydrate
    Cyclophosphamide hydrate is a synthetic alkylating agent chemically related to the nitrogen mustards with antineoplastic and immunosuppressive activities.
  • HY-101161
    SG3199 is a cytotoxic DNA minor groove interstrand crosslinking pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) dimer. SG3199 is the released warhead component of the ADC payload Tesirine (SG3249).