1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. mGluR

mGluR

Metabotropic glutamate receptors

mGluR (metabotropic glutamate receptor) is a type of glutamate receptor that are active through an indirect metabotropic process. They are members of thegroup C family of G-protein-coupled receptors, or GPCRs. Like all glutamate receptors, mGluRs bind with glutamate, an amino acid that functions as an excitatoryneurotransmitter. The mGluRs perform a variety of functions in the central and peripheral nervous systems: mGluRs are involved in learning, memory, anxiety, and the perception of pain. mGluRs are found in pre- and postsynaptic neurons in synapses of the hippocampus, cerebellum, and the cerebral cortex, as well as other parts of the brain and in peripheral tissues. Eight different types of mGluRs, labeled mGluR1 to mGluR8, are divided into groups I, II, and III. Receptor types are grouped based on receptor structure and physiological activity.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-N0390
    L-Glutamine
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    L-Glutamine (L-Glutamic acid 5-amide) is a non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and involved in many metabolic processes. L-Glutamine provides a source of carbons for oxidation in some cells.
    L-Glutamine
  • HY-70059
    LY341495
    Antagonist 99.50%
    LY341495 is a metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonist with IC50s of 21 nM, 14 nM, 7.8 μM, 8.2 μM, 170 nM, 990 nM, 22 μM for mGlu2, mGlu3, mGlu1a, mGlu5a, mGlu8, mGlu7, and mGlu4 receptors, respectively.
    LY341495
  • HY-W014666
    Xanthurenic acid
    Agonist 99.94%
    Xanthurenic acid is a putative endogenous Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, on sensory transmission in the thalamus.
    Xanthurenic acid
  • HY-100403
    Ro 67-7476
    Agonist 99.57%
    Ro 67-7476 is a potent positive allosteric modulator of mGluR1 and potentiates glutamate-induced calcium release in HEK293 cells expressing rat mGluR1a with an EC50 of 60.1 nM. Ro 67-7476 is a potent P-ERK1/2 agonist and activates ERK1/2 phosphorylation in the absence of exogenously added glutamate (EC50=163.3 nM).
    Ro 67-7476
  • HY-N0390S1
    L-Glutamine-13C5
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    L-Glutamine-13C5 is the 13C-labeled L-Glutamine. L-Glutamine (L-Glutamic acid 5-amide) is a non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and involved in many metabolic processes. L-Glutamine provides a source of carbons for oxidation in some cells[1][2].
    L-Glutamine-<sup>13</sup>C<sub>5</sub>
  • HY-18941C
    Eglumegad hydrochloride
    Agonist
    Eglumegad (LY354740) hydrochloride is a highly potent and selective group II (mGlu2/3) receptor agonist with IC50s of 5 and 24 nM on transfected human mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptors, respectively. Eglumegad hydrochloride protects neurons from NMDA toxicity. Eglumegad hydrochloride has anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects.
    Eglumegad hydrochloride
  • HY-103567
    Desmethyl-YM-298198 hydrochloride
    Antagonist
    Desmethyl-YM-298198 hydrochloride is a high-affinity, selective, and noncompetitive mGluR1 antagonist (IC50: 16 nM). Desmethyl-YM-298198 hydrochloride has analgesic effect in Streptozotocin (HY-13753)-induced hyperalgesic mice.
    Desmethyl-YM-298198 hydrochloride
  • HY-103564
    ACDPP
    Antagonist
    ACDPP is a specific mGluR5 antagonist. ACDPP partially bolcks the increase of fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) caused by DHPG (HY-12598A) (group I mGluR Agonist).
    ACDPP
  • HY-12598A
    DHPG
    Agonist 99.65%
    DHPG ((RS)-3,5-DHPG) is an amino acid, which acts as a selective and potent agonist of group I mGluR (mGluR 1 and mGluR 5), shows no effect on Group II or Group III mGluRs. DHPG ((RS)-3,5-DHPG) is also an effective antagonist of mGluRs linked to phospholipase D.
    DHPG
  • HY-14609
    MPEP Hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.93%
    MPEP Hydrochloride is a potent, selective, noncompetitive, orally active and systemically active mGlu5 receptor antagonist, with an IC50 of 36 nM for completely inhibiting quisqualate-stimulated phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis. MPEP Hydrochloride has anxiolytic-or antidepressant-like effects. MPEP (Hydrochloride) is a click chemistry reagent, it contains an Alkyne group and can undergo copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAc) with molecules containing Azide groups.
    MPEP Hydrochloride
  • HY-18941
    Eglumegad
    Agonist 99.88%
    Eglumegad (LY354740) is a highly potent and selective group II (mGlu2/3) receptor agonist with IC50s of 5 nM and 24 nM on transfected human mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptors, respectively.
    Eglumegad
  • HY-13206
    MTEP hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.81%
    MTEP hydrochloride is a potent, non-competitive and highly selective mGluR5 antagonist, with an IC50 of 5 nM and a Ki of 16 nM. MTEP hydrochloride shows antidepressant and anxiolytic-like effects. MTEP hydrochloride can be used for Parkinson's disease research.
    MTEP hydrochloride
  • HY-101364A
    CHPG sodium salt
    Agonist 99.17%
    CHPG sodium salt is a selective mGluR5 agonist, and attenuates SO2-induced oxidative stress and inflammation through TSG-6/NF-κB pathway in BV2 microglial cells. CHPG sodium salt protects against traumatic brain injury (TBI) in vitro and in vivo by activation of the ERK and Akt signaling pathways..
    CHPG sodium salt
  • HY-15445
    CTEP
    Antagonist 99.19%
    CTEP (RO 4956371) is a novel, long-acting, orally bioavailable allosteric antagonist of mGlu5 receptor with IC50 of 2.2 nM, and shows > 1000-fold selectivity over other mGlu receptors. CTEP is a click chemistry reagent, it contains an Alkyne group and can undergo copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAc) with molecules containing Azide groups.
    CTEP
  • HY-100371
    (RS)-MCPG
    Antagonist 99.05%
    (RS)-MCPG (alpha-MCPG) is a competitive and selective group I/group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonist. (RS)-MCPG blocks theta-burst stimulation (TBS)-induced shifts in both juvenile and neonatal rat hippocampal neurons.
    (RS)-MCPG
  • HY-100407
    JNJ16259685
    Antagonist 98.10%
    JNJ16259685 is a selective antagonist of mGlu1 receptor, and inhibits the synaptic activation of mGlu1 in a concentration-dependent manner with IC50 of 19 nM.
    JNJ16259685
  • HY-107515A
    LY367385 hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.44%
    LY367385 hydrochloride is a highly selective and potent mGluR1a antagonist. LY367385 hydrochloride has an IC50 of 8.8 μM for inhibiting of quisqualate-induced phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis, compared with >100 μM for mGlu5a. LY367385 hydrochloride has neuroprotective, anticonvulsant and antiepileptic effects.
    LY367385 hydrochloride
  • HY-50906
    LY404039
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    LY404039 is a potent, selective and orally active mGluR2 and mGluR3 agonist with Kis of 149 nM and 92 nM for recombinant human mGluR2 and mGluR3, respectively. LY404039 shows >100-fold selectivity for mGluR2/3 over other receptors/transproters. LY404039 has antipsychotic and anxiolytic effects.
    LY404039
  • HY-119243
    LY2794193
    Agonist 98.16%
    LY2794193 is a highly potent and selective mGlu3 receptor agonist (hmGlu3 Ki=0.927 nM,EC50=0.47 nM; hmGlu2 Ki=412 nM,EC50=47.5 nM).
    LY2794193
  • HY-100406
    (S)-MCPG
    Antagonist 99.23%
    (S)-MCPG ((+)-MCPG) is a potent group I/II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluRs) antagonist and the active isomer of (RS)-MCPG (HY-100371). (S)-MCPG can be used for the study of the function of mGluRs in spatial learning.
    (S)-MCPG
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