1. Signaling Pathways
  2. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  3. mGluR

mGluR

Metabotropic glutamate receptors

mGluR (metabotropic glutamate receptor) is a type of glutamate receptor that are active through an indirect metabotropic process. They are members of thegroup C family of G-protein-coupled receptors, or GPCRs. Like all glutamate receptors, mGluRs bind with glutamate, an amino acid that functions as an excitatoryneurotransmitter. The mGluRs perform a variety of functions in the central and peripheral nervous systems: mGluRs are involved in learning, memory, anxiety, and the perception of pain. mGluRs are found in pre- and postsynaptic neurons in synapses of the hippocampus, cerebellum, and the cerebral cortex, as well as other parts of the brain and in peripheral tissues. Eight different types of mGluRs, labeled mGluR1 to mGluR8, are divided into groups I, II, and III. Receptor types are grouped based on receptor structure and physiological activity.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-N0390
    L-Glutamine
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    L-Glutamine (L-Glutamic acid 5-amide) is a non-essential amino acid present abundantly throughout the body and involved in many metabolic processes. L-Glutamine provides a source of carbons for oxidation in some cells.
  • HY-70059
    LY341495
    Antagonist 99.37%
    LY341495 is a metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) antagonist with IC50s of 21 nM, 14 nM, 7.8 μM, 8.2 μM, 170 nM, 990 nM, 22 μM for mGlu2, mGlu3, mGlu1a, mGlu5a, mGlu8, mGlu7, and mGlu4 receptors, respectively.
  • HY-100403
    Ro 67-7476
    Agonist 99.57%
    Ro 67-7476 is a potent positive allosteric modulator of mGluR1 and potentiates glutamate-induced calcium release in HEK293 cells expressing rat mGluR1a with an EC50 of 60.1 nM. Ro 67-7476 is a potent P-ERK1/2 agonist and activates ERK1/2 phosphorylation in the absence of exogenously added glutamate (EC50=163.3 nM).
  • HY-18941
    Eglumegad
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    Eglumegad (LY354740) is a highly potent and selective group II (mGlu2/3) receptor agonist with IC50s of 5 and 24 nM on transfected human mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptors, respectively.
  • HY-12598A
    DHPG
    Agonist 99.31%
    DHPG ((RS)-3,5-DHPG) is an amino acid, which acts as a selective and potent agonist of group I mGluR (mGluR 1 and mGluR 5), shows no effect on Group II or Group III mGluRs. DHPG ((RS)-3,5-DHPG) is also an effective antagonist of mGluRs linked to phospholipase D.
  • HY-110122
    AZ 12216052
    Modulator ≥98.0%
    AZ 12216052 is a mGluR8 positive allosteric modulator, and helps mGluR8 modulate signaling inputing to retinal ganglion cells. AZ 12216052 exhibits antianxiety effect.
  • HY-101375
    (RS)-APICA
    Antagonist
    (RS)-APICA is a selective group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR II) antagonist. (RS)-APICA shows potential neuroprotective effect.
  • HY-130630
    mGluR2 modulator 1
    Modulator
    mGluR2 modulator 1 (compound 95) is a potent and BBB-penetrated mGluR2 (metabotropic glutamate receptor-2) positive allosteric modulator, with an EC50 of 0.03 μM. mGluR2 modulator 1 can be used for psychosis research.
  • HY-14609
    MPEP Hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.93%
    MPEP Hydrochloride is a potent, selective, noncompetitive, orally active and systemically active mGlu5 receptor antagonist, with an IC50 of 36 nM for completely inhibiting quisqualate-stimulated phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis. MPEP Hydrochloride has anxiolytic-or antidepressant-like effects.
  • HY-W014666
    Xanthurenic acid
    Agonist 98.17%
    Xanthurenic acid is a putative endogenous Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, on sensory transmission in the thalamus.
  • HY-13206
    MTEP hydrochloride
    Antagonist 99.71%
    MTEP hydrochloride is a potent, selective and non-competitive mGlu5 antagonist with an IC50 of 5 nM and a Ki of 16 nM. MTEP hydrochloride produces antiparkinsonian-like effects.
  • HY-108710
    VU0650786
    Antagonist 99.97%
    VU0650786 is a potent and selective CNS penetrant negative allosteric modulator of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 3 (mGlu3 NAM), with an IC50 of 392 nM. VU0650786 has antidepressant and anxiolytic activity in rodents.
  • HY-50906
    LY404039
    Agonist ≥98.0%
    LY404039 is a potent, selective and orally active mGluR2 and mGluR3 agonist with Kis of 149 nM and 92 nM for recombinant human mGluR2 and mGluR3, respectively. LY404039 shows >100-fold selectivity for mGluR2/3 over other receptors/transproters. LY404039 has antipsychotic and anxiolytic effects.
  • HY-15257
    Mavoglurant
    Antagonist 99.72%
    Mavoglurant (AFQ056) is a potent, selective, non-competitive and orally active mGluR5 antagonist, with an IC50 of 30 nM. Mavoglurant shows a >300 fold selectivity for the mGluR5 over all targets (238) tested. Mavoglurant can be used for the research of Fragile X syndrome (FXS), and L-dopa induced dyskinesias in Parkinson's disease.
  • HY-107515A
    LY367385 hydrochloride
    Antagonist 98.05%
    LY367385 hydrochloride is a highly selective and potent mGluR1a antagonist. LY367385 hydrochloride has an IC50 of 8.8 μM for inhibiting of quisqualate-induced phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis, compared with >100 μM for mGlu5a. LY367385 hydrochloride has neuroprotective, anticonvulsant and antiepileptic effects.
  • HY-15445
    CTEP
    Antagonist 99.19%
    CTEP (RO 4956371) is a novel, long-acting, orally bioavailable allosteric antagonist of mGlu5 receptor with IC50 of 2.2 nM, and shows > 1000-fold selectivity over other mGlu receptors.
  • HY-15446
    Basimglurant
    Inhibitor 99.56%
    Basimglurant (RG7090) is a potent, selective and orally available mGlu5 negative allosteric modulator with a Kd of 1.1 nM.
  • HY-15748
    JNJ-40411813
    Agonist 98.97%
    JNJ-40411813 (ADX-71149) is a novel positive allosteric modulator of the metabotropic Glutamate 2 receptor (mGlu2R) with EC50 of 147 nM.
  • HY-108703A
    Foliglurax monohydrochloride
    Agonist 98.93%
    Foliglurax monohydrochloride (PXT002331 monohydrochloride) is a highly selective and potent, brain-penetrant metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 positive allosteric modulator (mGluR4 PAM) , with an EC50 of 79 nM. Antiparkinsonian effect.
  • HY-119243
    LY2794193
    Agonist
    LY2794193 is a highly potent and selective mGlu3 receptor agonist (hmGlu3 Ki=0.927 nM,EC50=0.47 nM; hmGlu2 Ki=412 nM,EC50=47.5 nM).

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