1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    Neuronal Signaling
    GPCR/G Protein
  2. Endogenous Metabolite
    mGluR
  3. Xanthurenic acid

Xanthurenic acid 

Cat. No.: HY-W014666 Purity: 98.17%
Handling Instructions

Xanthurenic acid is a putative endogenous Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, on sensory transmission in the thalamus.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Xanthurenic acid Chemical Structure

Xanthurenic acid Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 59-00-7

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 55 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg USD 50 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Xanthurenic acid is a putative endogenous Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, on sensory transmission in the thalamus.

IC50 & Target

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

mGluR2

 

mGluR3

 

In Vivo

Xanthurenic acid is a putative endogenous Group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, on sensory transmission in the thalamus. The inhibition of Xanthurenic acid (XA) on sensory can be found when applied iontophoretically and i.v., is similar to that of other Group II mGlu receptor agonists in reducing inhibition evoked in the VB from the thalamic reticular nucleus upon physiological sensory stimulation. Furthermore, it is postulated that Xanthurenic acid may be the first potential endogenous allosteric agonist for the mGlu receptors. As the Group II receptors and kynurenine metabolism pathway have both been heavily implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, Xanthurenic acid could play a pivotal role in antipsychotic research as this potential endocoid represents both a convergence within these two biological parameters and a novel class of Group II mGlu receptor ligand[1].

Molecular Weight

205.17

Formula

C₁₀H₇NO₄

CAS No.

59-00-7

SMILES

O=C(C1=NC2=C(O)C=CC=C2C(O)=C1)O

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Storage

4°C, protect from light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 5 mg/mL (24.37 mM; Need ultrasonic and warming)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 4.8740 mL 24.3700 mL 48.7401 mL
5 mM 0.9748 mL 4.8740 mL 9.7480 mL
10 mM 0.4874 mL 2.4370 mL 4.8740 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Animal Administration
[1]

Rats[1] Male Wistar rats (265-495 g, n=27) are used throughout the study. Throughout the experiments, electrocardiogram and electroencephalogram (EEG) are monitored. Iontophoretic drug applications are performed using the outer barrels, with one of the outer barrels filled with 1 M NaCl for current balancing on each occasion. The remaining outer barrels contain one of the following substances as required: NMDA (50 mM,pH8.0 in 150 mM NaCl), LY354740 (5 mM, pH8.0 in 75 mM NaCl), Xanthurenic Acid (5 mM, pH8.0 in 75 mM NaCl), LY341495 (5 mM, pH8.5 in 75mM NaCl), as Nat salts, ejected as anions, and LY487379 (1 mM, pH6.0, in 1% dimethyl sulfoxide, 75mM NaCl), ejected as cations. All compounds are prevented from diffusing out of the pipette by using a retaining current (15-25 nA) of opposite polarity to that of the ejection current[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Xanthurenic acid
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HY-W014666
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