1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
  3. Chloride Channel

Chloride Channel

Cl− Channels

Chloride channels belong to a superfamily of ion channels that permit passive passage of anions, mainly chloride, across cell membrane. Chloride channels perform important roles in the regulation of cellular excitability, in transepithelial transport, cell volume regulation, and acidification of intracellular organelles. Chloride channels represent a group of potential drug targets.

The chloride channel protein (ClC) family comprises both chloride (Cl-) channels and chloride/proton (Cl-/H+) antiporters. In prokaryotes and eukaryotes, these proteins mediate the movement of Cl- ions across the membrane. In eukaryotes, ClC proteins play a role in the stabilization of membrane potential, epithelial ion transport, hippocampal neuroprotection, cardiac pacemaker activity and vesicular acidification.

Chloride Channel Related Products (41):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-N0822
    Shikonin
    Inhibitor 99.80%
    Shikonin is a major component of a Chinese herbal medicine named zicao. Shikonin is a potent TMEM16A chloride channel inhibitor with an IC50 of 6.5 μM. Shikonin is a specific pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) inhibitor and can also inhibit TNF-α and NF-κB pathway. Shikonin decreases exosome secretion through the inhibition of glycolysis. Shikonin inhibits AIM2 inflammasome activation.
  • HY-103371
    DCPIB
    Inhibitor 99.93%
    DCPIB is a selective, reversible and potent inhibitor of volume-regulated anion channels (VRAC). DCPIB voltage-dependently activates potassium channels TREK1 and TRAAK, and inhibits TRESK, TASK1 and TASK3 (IC50s: 0.14, 0.95, 50.72 μM, respectively). DCPIB is also a selective blocker of swelling-induced chloride current (ICl,swell), with an IC50 of 4.1 μM. DCPIB is a useful tool for investigating structure-function studies of K2P channels.
  • HY-B1221
    Flufenamic acid
    Inhibitor 99.82%
    Flufenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX), activates AMPK, and also modulates ion channels, blocking chloride channels and L-type Ca2+ channels, modulating non-selective cation channels (NSC), activating K+ channels. Flufenamic acid binds to the central pocket of TEAD2 YBD and inhibits both TEAD function and TEAD-YAP-dependent processes, such as cell migration and proliferation.
  • HY-100611
    CaCCinh-A01
    Inhibitor 99.76%
    CaCCinh-A01 is an inhibitor of both TMEM16A and calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) with IC50s of 2.1 and 10 μM, respectively.
  • HY-100612
    T16Ainh-A01
    Inhibitor ≥99.0%
    T16Ainh-A01, an aminophenylthiazole, is a potent transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A) inhibitor, inhibiting TMEM16A-mediated chloride currents with an IC50 value of ~1 µM. TMEM16A (ANO1) functions as a calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC).
  • HY-101329
    Anthracene-9-carboxylic acid
    Inhibitor
    Anthracene-9-carboxylic acid (9-Anthracenecarboxylic acid) is an anthracene derivative traditionally used to block and identify Ca2+-activated Cl- currents (CaCCs) in various cell types, like diverse smooth muscle cells, epithelial cells and salivary gland cells.
  • HY-146320
    ANO1-IN-1
    Inhibitor
    ANO1-IN-1 (Compound 9c) is a selective ANO1 channel blocker with an IC50 of 2.56 μM and 15.43 μM against ANO1 and ANO2, respectively. ANO1-IN-1 suppresses strongly proliferation of glioblastoma cells.
  • HY-146334
    DFBTA
    Inhibitor
    DFBTA is an orally active, potent and little brain penetrated ANO1 (Calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin-1) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 24 nM. DFBTA shows analgesic efficacy for inflammatory pain.
  • HY-12693
    R(+)-IAA-94
    Inhibitor 99.03%
    R(+)-IAA-94 (R(+)-Methylindazone) is a potent indanyloxyacetic acid blocker of epithelial chloride channels. R(+)-IAA-94 inhibits Nef-sdAb19 (single-domain antibody) interaction and binds to negative factor (Nef).
  • HY-101012
    NPPB
    Inhibitor 99.83%
    NPPB is a blocker of the outwardly rectifying chloride channel (ORCC).
  • HY-B1494
    Picrotoxinin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Picrotoxinin, a potent convulsant, is a chloride channel blocker. Picrotoxinin is a noncompetitive GABAA receptor antagonist, which negatively modulates the action of GABA on GABAA receptors. Picrotoxinin inhibits α1β2γ2L GABAA receptor with an IC50 of 1.15 μM.
  • HY-B0493
    Niflumic acid
    Inhibitor 99.84%
    Niflumic acid, a Ca2+-activated Cl- channel blocker, is an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
  • HY-105917
    Endovion
    Inhibitor 99.13%
    Endovion (NS3728) is a pharmacological anion channel inhibitor (like chloride channel) and the specific VRAC/VSOAC blocker. Endovion (NS3728) is also an Anoctamin-1 (ANO 1) channel inhibitor.
  • HY-107212
    Selamectin
    Activator 99.89%
    Selamectin, a semi-synthetic macrocyclic lactone, is a potent parasiticide and anthelminthic. Selamectin activates glutamate-gated chloride channels in neurons and pharyngeal muscles to prevent heartworm, Lymphatic filariae, and nematode infection. Selamectin is also a potent P-glycoprotein substrate and a P-glycoprotein inhibitor with an IC50 of 120 nM.
  • HY-16974
    Afoxolaner
    Inhibitor 99.62%
    Afoxolaner is an orally active isoxazoline insecticide/acaricide against Ixodes scapularis in dogs. Afoxolaner acts on the insect γ-aminobutyric acid receptor (GABA) and glutamate receptors, inhibiting GABA & glutamate-regulated uptake of chloride ions, resulting in excess neuronal stimulation and death of the arthropod.
  • HY-N1462
    Atractyloside potassium salt
    99.93%
    Atractyloside potassium salt is a toxic diterpenoid glycoside that can be isolated from the fruits of Xanthium sibiricum. Atractyloside potassium salt is a powerful and specific inhibitor of mitochondrial ADP/ATP transport. Atractyloside potassium salt inhibits chloride channels from mitochondrial membranes of rat heart.
  • HY-18996
    Adjudin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Adjudin is an extensively studied male contraceptive with a superior mitochondria-inhibitory effect. Adjudin is also a potent Cl- channel blocker.
  • HY-103368
    Eact
    Activator 98.28%
    Eact is a selective and potent activator of TMEM16A, directly activates the TRPV1 channels in sensory nociceptors and produces itch, acute nociception and thermal hypersensitivity.
  • HY-B0679
    Lubiprostone
    Activator ≥98.0%
    Lubiprostone(SPI-0211;RU0211) is a gastrointestinal agent used for the treatment of idiopathic chronic constipation.
  • HY-B1371A
    Spiperone hydrochloride
    Activator 99.10%
    Spiperone hydrochloride (Spiroperidol hydrochloride) is a selective dopamine D2 receptor (Ki values of 0.06 nM, 0.6 nM, 0.08 nM, ~350 nM, ~3500 nM for D2, D3, D4, D1 and D5 receptors, respectively) and 5-HT2A/5-HT1A receptor (Kis of 1 nM/49 nM) antagonist. Spiperone hydrochloride is also a selective α1B-adrenoceptor antagonist. Spiperone hydrochloride activates calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC). Antipsychotic and anti-inflammatory activities.