1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Immunology/Inflammation
  3. Complement System

Complement System

The complement system helps or “complements” the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear pathogens from an organism. It is part of the immune system called the innate immune system that is not adaptable and does not change over the course of an individual's lifetime. The complement system consists of a number of small proteins found in the blood, in general synthesized by the liver, and normally circulating as inactive precursors (pro-proteins). When stimulated by one of several triggers, proteases in the system cleave specific proteins to release cytokines and initiate an amplifying cascade of further cleavages. The end-result of this activation cascade is massive amplification of the response and activation of the cell-killing membrane attack complex. Over 30 proteins and protein fragments make up the complement system. Three biochemical pathways activate the complement system: the classical complement pathway, the alternative complement pathway, and the lectin pathway.

Complement System Related Products (24):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-14648
    Dexamethasone Inhibitor 99.86%
    Dexamethasone (Hexadecadrol) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist. Dexamethasone also significantly decreases CD11b, CD18, and CD62L expression on neutrophils, and CD11b and CD18 expression on monocytes. Dexamethasone is highly effective in the control of COVID-19 infection. Dexamethasone inhibits production of exosomes containing inflammatory microRNA-155 in lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophage inflammatory responses.
  • HY-B0579
    Cyclosporin A Inhibitor 99.85%
    Cyclosporin A is an immunosuppressant which binds to the cyclophilin and inhibits phosphatase activity of calcineurin with an IC50 of 5 nM. Cyclosporin A also inhibits CD11a/CD18 adhesion.
  • HY-101502A
    SB290157 trifluoroacetate Antagonist 99.87%
    SB290157 trifluoroacetate is a potent and selective C3a receptor antagonist with an IC50 of 200 nM.
  • HY-110136A
    PMX 205 Trifluoroacetate Antagonist 98.89%
    PMX 205 Trifluoroacetate is a potent complement C5a receptor (C5aR; CD88) antagonist.
  • HY-117930
    Danicopan Inhibitor 99.91%
    Danicopan (ACH-4471), a selective and orally active small-molecule factor D inhibitor, shows high binding affinity to human Factor D with Kd value of 0.54 nM. Danicopan (ACH-4471) inhibits alternative pathway of complement (APC) activity, has potential to block the alternative pathway of complement in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS).
  • HY-P1717B
    AMY-101 acetate Inhibitor 99.93%
    AMY-101 acetate (Cp40 acetate), a peptidic inhibitor of the central complement component C3 (KD = 0.5 nM), inhibits naturally occurring periodontitis in non-human primates (NHPs). AMY-101 acetate (Cp40 acetate) exhibits a favorable anti-inflammatory activity in models with COVID-19 severe pneumonia with systemic hyper inflammation.
  • HY-P1345A
    TLQP-21 TFA Agonist 99.66%
    TLQP-21 TFA, a VGF-derived peptide endowed of endocrine and extraendocrine properties, is a potent G-protein-coupled receptor complement-3a receptor1 (C3aR1) agonist (EC50: mouse TLQP-21=10.3 μM; human TLQP-21=68.8μM). TLQP-21 TFA activates C3aR1 to induce an increase of intracellular Ca2+. TLQP-21 TFA is used for the research in regulation of nociception and other relevant physiologic functions.
  • HY-112151A
    EG01377 dihydrochloride Inhibitor 98.21%
    EG01377 dihydrochloride is a potent, bioavailable and selective inhibitor of neuropilin-1 (NRP1), with a Kd of 1.32 μM, and IC50s of 609 nM for both NRP1-a1 and NRP1-b1. EG01377 dihydrochloride has antiangiogenic, antimigratory, and antitumor effects.
  • HY-15701
    Leukadherin-1 Agonist >98.0%
    Leukadherin-1, a specific agonist of the leukocyte surface integrin CD11b/CD18, increases CD11b/CD18-dependent cell adhesion to fibrinogen with an EC50 of 4 μM. Leukadherin-1 enhances leukocyte adhesion to ligands (such as ICAM-1) and vascular endothelium and thus reduces leukocyte transendothelial migration and influx to the injury sites. Leukadherin-1 suppresses innate inflammatory signaling.
  • HY-10799
    EG00229 Antagonist 98.89%
    EG00229 is a neuropilin 1 (NRP1) receptor antagonist. EG00229 selectively inhibits VEGF-A binding to NRP1 b1 domain with an IC50 of 3 μM, but has no effect on VEGFA binding to VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2.
  • HY-P1036
    Compstatin Inhibitor
    Compstatin, a 13-residue cyclic peptide, is a potent inhibitor of the complement system with species specificity. Compstatin binds to baboon C3 and is resistant to proteolytic cleavage in baboon blood (similar to humans). Compstatin inhibits only the activation of primates’ complement system.
  • HY-127105
    LNP023 Inhibitor 98.66%
    LNP023 is an orally bioavailable, highly potent and highly selective factor B inhibitor. LNP023 shows direct, reversible, and high-affinity binding to human factor B with a KD of 7.9 nM. LNP023 inhibits factor B with an IC50 value of 10 nM.
  • HY-P1663A
    ATWLPPR Peptide TFA Inhibitor 98.99%
    ATWLPPR Peptide TFA, a heptapeptide, acts as a selective neuropilin-1 inhibitor, inhibits VEGF165 binding to NRP-1, used in the research of angiogenesis. ATWLPPR Peptide TFA has potential in reducing the early retinal damage caused by diabetes.
  • HY-106178
    PMX-53 Antagonist 98.07%
    PMX-53 (3D53) is a synthetic peptidic and a potent and orally active complement C5a receptor (CD88) antagonist with an IC50 of 20 nM. PMX-53 is also a low-affinity MrgX2 agonist that stimulates MrgX2-mediated mast cell degranulation. PMX-53 specifically binds to C5aR1 and does not bind to the second C5aR (C5L2) and C3aR. PMX-53 has anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antiatherosclerotic effects.
  • HY-16992A
    W-54011 Antagonist >98.0%
    W-54011 is a potent and orally active non-peptide C5a receptor antagonist. W-54011 inhibits the binding of 125I-labeled C5a to human neutrophils with a Ki value of 2.2 nM. W-54011 also inhibits C5a-induced intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, chemotaxis, and generation of ROS in human neutrophils with IC50s of 3.1 nM, 2.7 nM, and 1.6 nM, respectively.
  • HY-15701B
    ADH-503 Agonist 98.04%
    ADH-503 ((Z)-Leukadherin-1 choline) is an orally active and allosteric CD11b agonist. ADH-503 leads to the repolarization of tumor-associated macrophages, reduction in the number of tumor-infiltrating immunosuppressive myeloid cells, and enhances dendritic cell responses.
  • HY-50875
    BCX 1470 methanesulfonate Inhibitor 99.43%
    BCX 1470 methanesulfonate inhibits the esterolytic activity of factor D (IC50=96 nM) and C1s (IC50=1.6 nM), 3.4- and 200-fold better, respectively, than that of trypsin.
  • HY-P1717A
    AMY-101 TFA Inhibitor 99.94%
    AMY-101 TFA (Cp40 TFA), a peptidic inhibitor of the central complement component C3 (KD = 0.5 nM), inhibits naturally occurring periodontitis in non-human primates (NHPs). AMY-101 (Cp40) exhibits a favorable anti-inflammatory activity in models with COVID-19 severe pneumonia with systemic hyper inflammation.
  • HY-P1505A
    C3a (70-77) TFA 98.64%
    C3a (70-77) TFA (Complement 3a (70-77) TFA) is an octapeptide corresponding to the COOH terminus of C3a, exhibits the specificity and 1 to 2% biologic activities of C3a.
  • HY-128342
    Complement C5-IN-1 Inhibitor 98.49%
    Complement C5-IN-1 (Compound 7) is a small-molecule inhibitor of complement component 5 protein (C5). Complement C5-IN-1 interacts with C5 to prevent its cleavage by the C5 convertase and blocks zymosan-induced the membrane-attack complex (MAC) deposition in 50% human whole blood with an IC50 of 0.77 µM.
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