Signaling Pathway

Complement System

Complement System

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The complement system helps or “complements” the ability of antibodies and phagocytic cells to clear pathogens from an organism. It is part of the immune system called the innate immune system that is not adaptable and does not change over the course of an individual's lifetime. The complement system consists of a number of small proteins found in the blood, in general synthesized by the liver, and normally circulating as inactive precursors (pro-proteins). When stimulated by one of several triggers, proteases in the system cleave specific proteins to release cytokines and initiate an amplifying cascade of further cleavages. The end-result of this activation cascade is massive amplification of the response and activation of the cell-killing membrane attack complex. Over 30 proteins and protein fragments make up the complement system. Three biochemical pathways activate the complement system: the classical complement pathway, the alternative complement pathway, and the lectin pathway.

Complement System Inhibitors & Modulators (3)

Product Name Catalog No. Brief Description
BCX 1470

HY-50874

BCX 1470 inhibits the esterolytic activity of factor D (IC50=96 nM) and C1s (IC50=1.6 nM), 3.4- and 200-fold better, respectively, than that of trypsin.

BCX 1470 methanesulfonate

HY-50875

BCX 1470 inhibits the esterolytic activity of factor D (IC50=96 nM) and C1s (IC50=1.6 nM), 3.4- and 200-fold better, respectively, than that of trypsin.

Leukadherin-1

HY-15701

Leukadherin-1 is a specific agonist of CR3 and the leukocyte surface integrin CD11b/CD18.