1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Apoptosis
  3. Bcl-2 Family

Bcl-2 Family

Bcl-2 is a family of evolutionarily related proteins. These proteins govern mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP) and can be either pro-apoptotic (Bax, Bad, Bak and Bok among others) or anti-apoptotic (including Bcl-2 proper, Bcl-xL, and Bcl-w, among an assortment of others). There are a total of 25 genes in the Bcl-2 family known to date. Human genes encoding proteins that belong to this family include: Bak1, Bax, Bal-2, Bok, Mcl-1.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15531
    Venetoclax Inhibitor 99.95%
    Venetoclax (ABT-199; GDC-0199) is a highly potent, selective and orally bioavailable Bcl-2 inhibitor with a Ki of less than 0.01 nM.
  • HY-10087
    Navitoclax Inhibitor 99.97%
    Navitoclax (ABT-263) is a potent and orally active Bcl-2 family protein inhibitor that binds to multiple anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins, such as Bcl-xL, Bcl-2 and Bcl-w, with a Ki of less than 1 nM.
  • HY-100741
    S63845 Inhibitor 99.94%
    S63845 is a potent and selective myeloid cell leukemia 1 (MCL1) inhibitor with a Kd of 0.19 nM for human MCL1.
  • HY-50907
    ABT-737 Inhibitor 99.59%
    ABT-737 is a selective and BH3 mimetic Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Bcl-w inhibitor with EC50s of 30.3 nM, 78.7 nM, and 197.8 nM, respectively.
  • HY-10969
    Obatoclax Mesylate Inhibitor 99.74%
    Obatoclax Mesylate (GX15-070 Mesylate) is an inhibitor of the BCL-2 family proteins. Obatoclax Mesylate (GX15-070 Mesylate) binds to BCL-2 with a Ki of 220 nM.
  • HY-114855
    BT2 Inhibitor
    BT2 is a BCKDC kinase (BDK) inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.19 μM. BT2 binding to BDK triggers helix movements in the N-terminal domain, resulting in the dissociation of BDK from the branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex (BCKDC). BT2 (compound 4) is also a potent and selective Mcl-1 inhibitor with a Ki value of 59 μM.
  • HY-112218A
    (R)-MIK665 Inhibitor
    (R)-MIK665 is the less active enantiomer of MIK665. MIK665 is a special Mcl-1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.81 nM.
  • HY-122627
    Mcl1-IN-8 Inhibitor
    Mcl1-IN-8 (Comp8) is a Mcl-1-PUMA interface inhibitor, with a Ki of 0.3 μM. Mcl1-IN-8 (Comp8) exhibits dual activity on reduce PUMA-dependent apoptosis while deactivating Mcl-1-mediated anti-apoptosis in cancer cells.
  • HY-19741
    A-1331852 Inhibitor 99.81%
    A-1331852 is an orally available BCL-XL selective inhibitor with a Ki of less than 10 pM.
  • HY-19725
    A-1155463 Inhibitor 99.62%
    A-1155463 is a highly potent and selective BCL-XL inhibitor with an EC50 of 70 nM in Molt-4 cell.
  • HY-15607A
    WEHI-539 hydrochloride Inhibitor 98.16%
    WEHI-539 hydrochloride is a selective inhibitor of Bcl-XL with an IC50 of 1.1 nM.
  • HY-101565
    AMG-176 Inhibitor 99.53%
    AMG-176 is a potent, selective and orally bioavailable MCL-1 inhibitor, with a Ki of 0.13 nM.
  • HY-12468
    A-1210477 Inhibitor 98.89%
    A-1210477 is a potent and selective inhibitor of MCL-1 with a Ki of 0.45 nM.
  • HY-101533
    AZD-5991 Inhibitor 99.50%
    AZD-5991 is a potent and selective Mcl-1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.7 nM in FRET assay and a Kd of 0.17 nM in surface plasmon resonance (SPR) assay.
  • HY-P0081
    Bax inhibitor peptide V5 Inhibitor 99.62%
    Bax inhibitor peptide V5 is a Bax-mediated apoptosis inhibitor, used for cancer treatment.
  • HY-117288
    S55746 Inhibitor 98.97%
    S55746 (BLC201) is a potent, orally active and selective BCL-2 inhibitor, with a Ki of 1.3 nM and a Kd of 3.9 nM. S55746 (BLC201) has antitumor activity with low toxicity.
  • HY-17510
    Gossypol acetic acid Inhibitor 99.41%
    Gossypol acetic acid ((±)-Gossypol-acetic acid), a natural product isolated from cottonseeds and roots, binds to Bcl-xL protein and Bcl-2 protein with Kis of 0.5-0.6 μM and 0.2-0.3 mM, respectively.
  • HY-N0087
    Gambogic Acid Inhibitor
    Gambogic Acid (Beta-Guttiferrin) is derived from the gamboges resin of the tree Garcinia hanburyi. Gambogic Acid (Beta-Guttiferrin) inhibits Bcl-XL, Bcl-2, Bcl-W, Bcl-B, Bfl-1 and Mcl-1 with IC50s of 1.47 μM, 1.21 μM, 2.02 μM, 0.66 μM, 1.06 μM and 0.79 μM.
  • HY-12020
    TW-37 Inhibitor 98.50%
    TW-37 is a potent Bcl-2 inhibitor with Ki values of 260, 290 and 1110 nM for Mcl-1, Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, respectively.
  • HY-15613
    Maritoclax Inhibitor 99.97%
    Maritoclax (Marinopyrrole A) is a novel and specific Mcl-1 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 10.1 μM, and shows >8 fold selectivity than BCL-xl (IC50 > 80 μM).

Bcl-2 family members have been grouped into three classes. The anti-apoptotic subfamily contains the Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, Bcl-w, Mcl-1, Bfl1/A-1, and Bcl-B proteins, which suppress apoptosis and contain all four Bcl-2 homology domains, designated BH1-4. The pro-apoptotic subfamily contain BH1-3 domains, such as Bax, Bak, and Bok. A third class of BH3 only proteins Bad, Bid, Bim, Noxa and Puma have a conserved BH3 domain that can bind and regulate the anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins to promote apoptosis [1].


The intrinsic pathway is initiated by various signals, principally extracellular stimuli. BH3-only proteins (Bim, Bid, Bad, Noxa, Puma) engage with anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins to relieve their inhibition of Bax and Bak to activate them. Next, Bax and Bak are oligomerized and activated, leading to mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization. Once mitochondrial membranes are permeabilized, cytochrome c and/or Smac/DIABLO is released into the cytoplasm, wherein they combine with an adaptor molecule, Apaf-1, and an inactive initiator Caspase, Pro-caspase 9, within a multiprotein complex called the apoptosome. Smac/DIABLO inhibits IAPs to activate Caspase 9. Caspase 9 activates Caspase 3, which is the initiation step for the cascade of Caspase activation. The extrinsic pathway can be activated by cell surface receptors, such as Fas and TNF Receptor, subsequently activating Caspase 8, and leads to Caspase 3 activation and cell demolition. Caspases in turn cleave a series of substrates, activate DNases and orchestrate the demolition of the cell. Bcl-2 family proteins are also found on the endoplasmic reticulum and the perinuclear membrane in hematopoietic cells, but they are predominantly localized to mitochondria [2]

 

Reference:
[1]. Cotter TG, et al. Apoptosis and cancer: the genesis of a research field. Nat Rev Cancer. 2009 Jul;9(7):501-7.

[2]. Kang MH, et al. Bcl-2 inhibitors: targeting mitochondrial apoptotic pathways in cancer therapy. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Feb 15;15(4):1126-32.

Targets/MCE-Bcl-2-Family-Signaling-Pathway.png

Bcl-2 family members have been grouped into three classes. The anti-apoptotic subfamily contains the Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, Bcl-w, Mcl-1, Bfl1/A-1, and Bcl-B proteins, which suppress apoptosis and contain all four Bcl-2 homology domains, designated BH1-4. The pro-apoptotic subfamily contain BH1-3 domains, such as Bax, Bak, and Bok. A third class of BH3 only proteins Bad, Bid, Bim, Noxa and Puma have a conserved BH3 domain that can bind and regulate the anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins to promote apoptosis [1].


The intrinsic pathway is initiated by various signals, principally extracellular stimuli. BH3-only proteins (Bim, Bid, Bad, Noxa, Puma) engage with anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins to relieve their inhibition of Bax and Bak to activate them. Next, Bax and Bak are oligomerized and activated, leading to mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization. Once mitochondrial membranes are permeabilized, cytochrome c and/or Smac/DIABLO is released into the cytoplasm, wherein they combine with an adaptor molecule, Apaf-1, and an inactive initiator Caspase, Pro-caspase 9, within a multiprotein complex called the apoptosome. Smac/DIABLO inhibits IAPs to activate Caspase 9. Caspase 9 activates Caspase 3, which is the initiation step for the cascade of Caspase activation. The extrinsic pathway can be activated by cell surface receptors, such as Fas and TNF Receptor, subsequently activating Caspase 8, and leads to Caspase 3 activation and cell demolition. Caspases in turn cleave a series of substrates, activate DNases and orchestrate the demolition of the cell. Bcl-2 family proteins are also found on the endoplasmic reticulum and the perinuclear membrane in hematopoietic cells, but they are predominantly localized to mitochondria [2]

 

Reference:
[1]. Cotter TG, et al. Apoptosis and cancer: the genesis of a research field. Nat Rev Cancer. 2009 Jul;9(7):501-7.

[2]. Kang MH, et al. Bcl-2 inhibitors: targeting mitochondrial apoptotic pathways in cancer therapy. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Feb 15;15(4):1126-32.

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