1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    Epigenetics
    Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  2. Endogenous Metabolite
    Sirtuin
  3. Nicotinamide

Nicotinamide (Synonyms: Niacinamide; Nicotinic acid amide; Vitamin B3)

Cat. No.: HY-B0150 Purity: 99.86%
Handling Instructions

Nicotinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that plays essential roles in cell physiology through facilitating NAD+ redox homeostasis and providing NAD+ as a substrate to a class of enzymes that catalyze non-redox reactions. Nicotinamide is an inhibitor of SIRT1.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Nicotinamide Chemical Structure

Nicotinamide Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 98-92-0

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Description

Nicotinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that plays essential roles in cell physiology through facilitating NAD+ redox homeostasis and providing NAD+ as a substrate to a class of enzymes that catalyze non-redox reactions. Nicotinamide is an inhibitor of SIRT1.

IC50 & Target[4]

PARP-1

 

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

In Vitro

Pretreatment with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor nicotinamide is able to prevent HCN2 cell death. When nicotinamide is added prior to t-BuOOH, it is able to prevent neuronal cell death and inhibit apoptosis. Nicotinamide-pretreated neurons have higher expression levels of inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) genes[1]. Nicotinamide inhibits vasoconstriction by ET. Nicotinamide also alleviates oxidative stress, which exacerbates PE and FGR[3].

In Vivo

Normal and streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced adult male diabetic rats receive quercetin (10, 25 and 50 mg/kg/bw) orally, and cause significant decrease in FBG and cardiac injury marker levels with increased in insulin levels[2]. Nicotinamide improves maternal hypertension, proteinuria, and glomerular endotheliosis in RUPP mice. Moreover, nicotinamide prolongs pregnancies, and improves survival and growth of the embryos in RUPP PE mice[3].

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

122.12

Formula

C₆H₆N₂O

CAS No.

98-92-0

SMILES

O=C(C1=CC=CN=C1)N

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

4°C, protect from light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (protect from light)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (818.87 mM)

H2O : ≥ 50 mg/mL (409.43 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 8.1887 mL 40.9433 mL 81.8867 mL
5 mM 1.6377 mL 8.1887 mL 16.3773 mL
10 mM 0.8189 mL 4.0943 mL 8.1887 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (20.47 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (20.47 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (20.47 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Animal Administration
[2]

DM is induced via a single intraperitoneal (i.p) injection of nicotinamide (110 mg/kg/body weight) dissolved in normal saline 15 min prior to streptozotocin (STZ) (55 mg/kg/body weight) injection, which is dissolved in a freshly prepared 0.1mol/Lcitrate buffer (pH 4.5). These injections are given following an overnight fast. Control rats (n=6) are injected with the same amount of solvent. In order to prevent hypoglycemia in the first 24 h following STZ injection, rats are allowed to have free access to water with 5% dextrose (D5W). Three days after STZ-nicotinamide injection, rats with FBG levels greater than 7.0 mM are considered as diabetic.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
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Keywords:

NicotinamideNiacinamideNicotinic acid amideVitamin B3Vitamin B 3Vitamin B-3Endogenous MetaboliteSirtuinInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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Nicotinamide
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HY-B0150
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