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    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. Estrogen Receptor/ERR
    Endogenous Metabolite
  3. Estradiol

Estradiol (Synonyms: β-Estradiol; E2; 17β-Estradiol; 17β-Oestradiol)

Cat. No.: HY-B0141 Purity: 99.99%
Handling Instructions

Estradiol is a steroid sex hormone vital to the maintenance of fertility and secondary sexual characteristics in females.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Estradiol Chemical Structure

Estradiol Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 50-28-2

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Customer Review

Based on 4 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Estradiol is a steroid sex hormone vital to the maintenance of fertility and secondary sexual characteristics in females.

IC50 & Target

Human Endogenous Metabolite


In Vitro

Estradiol causes new dendritic spines and synapses in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells. Estradiol increases NMDA receptor binding by 46% in parallel with dendritic spine and synapse density. Estradiol also elevates sensitivity of CA1 pyramidal cells to NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic input and such an effect is correlated with the estradiol-induced increase in dendritic spine density in the apical dendritic tree of these cells[1]. Estradiol reduces Ba2+ entry reversibly via Ca2+ channels in acutely dissociated and cultured neostriatal neurons. Estradiol also reduces Ba2+ currents but is significantly less effective than Estradiol in rat neostriatal neurons[2]. Estradiol dose-dependently inhibits IL-1-, TNF-, and IL-1 and TNF-induced production of bioassayable IL-6. Estradiol blocks TNF-induced IL-6 production and osteoclast development in primary bone cell cultures derived from neonatal murine calvaria[3].

In Vivo

Estradiol functions in hippocampal synapse density during the estrous cycle in the adult rat[4]. Estradiol reverses the ovariectomy-induced decrease in spine density. Estradiol in combination with progesterone enhances spine density for 2 to 6 h but decreases following estradiol alone[5].

Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight







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Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 50 mg/mL (183.57 mM)

Ethanol : 20 mg/mL (73.43 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.6713 mL 18.3567 mL 36.7134 mL
5 mM 0.7343 mL 3.6713 mL 7.3427 mL
10 mM 0.3671 mL 1.8357 mL 3.6713 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.18 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.18 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (9.18 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
Cell Assay

Briefly, B9 cells (5×103/well of a 96-well plate) are cultured with a series of dilutions of the supernatants in a final volume of 100 mL of RPMI 1640, supplemented with 5×10-5mol/Lof 2-mercaptoethanol, 10% FBS, 100 U/mL penicillin, and 100 μg/mL streptomycin in flat-bottom microtiter plates. After 42 h, 0.5 μCi of [3H]thymidine is added. 6 h later, the cells are harvested and the radioactivity incorporated is determined. IL-6 is quantitated from a standard curve set up with known amounts of recombinant human or mouse IL-6. The anti-IL-6 monoclonal antibody completely inhibited the ability of the B9 cells to proliferate in response to recombinant mouse IL-6. In addition, we determined that B9 cells do not proliferate in response to IL-I or TNF, and that antibodies to these two cytokines did not affect the cell proliferation in response to IL-6. Further, it is established that neither Estradiol (17β-estradiol), nor the 0.01% ethanol used as vehicle in these experiments, has any effect on the bioassay.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration

Adult female Sprague Dawley rats are housed on a 12 hr light/dark cycle with unlimited access to food and water. These animals are left gonadally intact (intact), ovariectomized and treated with estradiol benzoate (OVX+E), or ovariectomized and treated with sesame oil vehicle (OVX+O). The hormone treatment regimen that is used in these experiments has been shown previously to result in differences in CA1 pyramidal cell dendritic spine and synapse density. Six days before electrophysiological analysis, animals are ovariectomized under Metofane anesthesia using aseptic surgical procedure. After surgery, animals are housed individually. On days 3 and 4 after surgery, OVX+E animals are injected (s.c.) with 10 μg of 17β-estradiol benzoate in 100 μL of sesame oil vehicle; OVX+O animalsreceive oil vehicle at each injection time. Forty-eight hours after the second estradiol or vehicle injection, animals are killed by decapitation and hippocampal slices are prepared from their brains. Gonadally intact animals are killed at random stages of the estrous cycle.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.


Purity: 99.99%

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Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

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Estradiolβ-EstradiolE217β-Estradiol17β-OestradiolE 2E-2Estrogen Receptor/ERREndogenous MetaboliteInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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