1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
    Antibody-drug Conjugate/ADC Related
    Anti-infection
    Autophagy
    Apoptosis
  2. Topoisomerase
    DNA/RNA Synthesis
    ADC Cytotoxin
    Bacterial
    Autophagy
    Apoptosis
    Antibiotic
  3. Daunorubicin hydrochloride

Daunorubicin hydrochloride  (Synonyms: Daunomycin hydrochloride; RP 13057 hydrochloride; Rubidomycin hydrochloride)

Cat. No.: HY-13062 Purity: 99.23%
COA Handling Instructions

Daunorubicin (Daunomycin) hydrochloride is a topoisomerase II inhibitor with potent anti-tumor activity. Daunorubicin hydrochloride inhibits DNA and RNA synthesis. Daunorubicin hydrochloride is a cytotoxin that inhibits cancer cell viability and induces apoptosis and necrosis. Daunorubicin hydrochloride is also an anthracycline antibiotic. Daunorubicin hydrochloride can be used in the research of infection and variety of cancers, including leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, Ewing's sarcoma, Wilms' tumor.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Daunorubicin hydrochloride Chemical Structure

Daunorubicin hydrochloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 23541-50-6

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 87 In-stock
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Customer Review

Based on 17 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Daunorubicin hydrochloride:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products
  • Biological Activity

  • Purity & Documentation

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Description

Daunorubicin (Daunomycin) hydrochloride is a topoisomerase II inhibitor with potent anti-tumor activity. Daunorubicin hydrochloride inhibits DNA and RNA synthesis. Daunorubicin hydrochloride is a cytotoxin that inhibits cancer cell viability and induces apoptosis and necrosis. Daunorubicin hydrochloride is also an anthracycline antibiotic. Daunorubicin hydrochloride can be used in the research of infection and variety of cancers, including leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, Ewing's sarcoma, Wilms' tumor[1][2][4][5].

IC50 & Target[1][2]

Topoisomerase II

 

Daunorubicins/Doxorubicins

 

In Vitro

Daunorubicin hydrochloride (0-256 μg/mL, 30 min) inhibits DNA and RNA synthesis in sensitive and resistant Ehrlich ascites tumor cells[2].
Daunorubicin hydrochloride (7 nM-1.9 μM, 72 h) shows chemosensitivity in Molt-4 cells and L3.6 cells[3][4].
Daunorubicin hydrochloride (0.4 μM, 48 h) induces apoptotic and necrosis in L3.6 cells[4].
Daunorubicin hydrochloride (0.4 μM, 120 min) induces ROS generation in L3.6 cells[4].
Daunorubicin hydrochloride (2 μM, 24 h) induces autophagy in K562 cells (myeloid cell line)[6].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Viability Assay[3][4]

Cell Line: Molt-4 cells (a human T-lymphoblastic leukemia cell line), L3.6 cells (metastatic human pancreatic cell line)
Concentration: 7 nM-1.9 μM
Incubation Time: 72 h
Result: Inhibited cell viability with IC50 values of 40 nM (Molt-4) and 400 nM (L3.6).

Apoptosis Analysis[4]

Cell Line: L3.6 cells
Concentration: 0.4 μM
Incubation Time: 72 h
Result: Induced necrosis without apoptosis at 24 h, induced both an apoptotic and extensive necrotic response at 48 h.

Western Blot Analysis[6]:

Cell Line: K562 cells
Concentration: 2 μM
Incubation Time: 24 h
Result: Enabled the switch of LC3-I into LC3-II, accompanied with a significant increased expression level of LC3.
In Vivo

Daunorubicin hydrochloride (intravenous injection, 3 mg/kg, three times at 48 h intervals.) produces cardiotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in rats[5].
Daunorubicin hydrochloride (intraperitoneal injection, 10 mg/kg) induces sister chromatid exchanges in mice[7].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Male Sprague-Dawley rats[5]
Dosage: 3 mg/kg
Administration: Intravenous injection, three times at 48 h intervals.
Result: Caused a significant increase in MDA (malondialdehyde) level in renal tissue, accompanied by a significant reduction in total GPx activity.
Increased urinary protein excretion, serum creatinine, and BUN level.
Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

563.98

Formula

C27H30ClNO10

CAS No.
SMILES

O=C(C(C(OC)=CC=C1)=C1C2=O)C3=C2C(O)=C(C[[email protected]@](O)(C(C)=O)C[[email protected]@H]4O[[email protected]@]5([H])C[[email protected]](N)[[email protected]](O)[[email protected]](C)O5)C4=C3O.[H]Cl

Structure Classification
Source

Streptomyces coeruleorubidus

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

4°C, sealed storage, away from moisture and light

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (sealed storage, away from moisture and light)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 50 mg/mL (88.66 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : ≥ 34 mg/mL (60.29 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.7731 mL 8.8656 mL 17.7311 mL
5 mM 0.3546 mL 1.7731 mL 3.5462 mL
10 mM 0.1773 mL 0.8866 mL 1.7731 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  PBS

    Solubility: 33.33 mg/mL (59.10 mM); Clear solution; Need ultrasonic

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (3.69 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (3.69 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MCE.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.23%

References
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Product Name:
Daunorubicin hydrochloride
Cat. No.:
HY-13062
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