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  2. Saccharides

Saccharides

Saccharides are the most abundant class of organic compounds found in living organisms and a major source of metabolic energy, both for plants and for animals that depend on plants for food. They are represented by a common formula Cm(H2O)n hence, often called carbohydrates. Saccharides are mainly grouped into: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Saccharides perform numerous structural as well as biological roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serves as the reservoir of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. They actively participate in energy storage and transport, signaling, cell-cell communication, pathogenesis, immune response and modulation of protein and lipid function.

Saccharides (196):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-13966
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose 154-17-6 ≥99.0%
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose is a glucose analog that acts as a competitive inhibitor of glucose metabolism, inhibiting glycolysis via its actions on hexokinase.
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose
  • HY-D1056
    Lipopolysaccharides
    Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) is an endotoxin derived from the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consists of an antigen O-specific chain, a core oligosaccharide and lipid A. Lipopolysaccharides is a pathogenic associated molecular pattern (PAMP) that activates the immune system. Lipopolysaccharides activates TLR-4 on immune cells. This product is derived from Escherichia coli O55:B5. Lipopolysaccharides induces secretion of cell migrasome.
    Lipopolysaccharides
  • HY-B0389
    D-Glucose 50-99-7 ≥98.0%
    D-Glucose (Glucose), a monosaccharide, is an important carbohydrate in biology. D-Glucose is a carbohydrate sweetener and critical components of the general metabolism, and serve as critical signaling molecules in relation to both cellular metabolic status and biotic and abiotic stress response. D-Glucose induces secretion of cell migrasome.
    D-Glucose
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Galactose is a natural aldohexose and C-4 epimer of glucose.
    D-Galactose
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9
    Hyaluronic acid (corn fermented) is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-W019806
    Lacto-N-fucopentaose I 7578-25-8
    Lacto-N-fucopentaose I (LNFPI) is a human milk oligosaccharide (HMO), possessing antiviral and antibacterial activity. Lacto-N-fucopentaose I can reduce capsid protein VP1 to block virus adsorption, promote CDK2 and reduce cyclin E to recover cell cycle S phase block. Lacto-N-fucopentaose I inhibits ROS production and apoptosis in virus-infected cells. Lacto-N-fucopentaose I can also regulate intestinal microbiota to affect immune system development.
    Lacto-N-fucopentaose I
  • HY-N9802
    n-Butyl-β-D-fructofuranoside 80971-60-4
    n-Butyl-β-D-fructofuranoside could be isolated from kangaisan. n-Butyl-β-D-fructofuranoside induces apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. n-Butyl-β-D-fructofuranoside can be used for cancer research.
    n-Butyl-β-D-fructofuranoside
  • HY-N1915
    Cellohexaose 2478-35-5
    Cellohexaose is a glucose polymer with two or more glucose monomers produced from the breakdown of cellulose, consisting of a condensation of beta (1-4) linked D-glucose monomers.
    Cellohexaose
  • HY-101916
    Heparan Sulfate 9050-30-0
    Heparan sulfate, a complex and linear polysaccharide, exists as part of glycoproteins named heparan sulfate proteoglycans, which are expressed abundantly on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix.
    Heparan Sulfate
  • HY-I0400
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid 131-48-6 ≥98.0%
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid is a nine-carbon, sialic acid monosaccharide commonly found in glycoproteins on cell membranes and in glycolipids such as gangliosides in mammalian cells.
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid
  • HY-B0089
    Acarbose 56180-94-0 ≥98.0%
    Acarbose (BAY g 5421), antihyperglycemic agent, is an orally active alpha-glucosidase inhibitor (IC50=11 nM). Acarbose can potentiate the hypoglycemic effects of sulfonylureas or insulin.
    Acarbose
  • HY-B0633
    Hyaluronic acid sodium 9067-32-7 ≥98.0%
    Hyaluronic acid sodium (Sodium hyaluronate) is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid sodium
  • HY-B0400
    D-Sorbitol 50-70-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Sorbitol (Sorbitol) is a six-carbon sugar alcohol and can used as a sugar substitute. D-Sorbitol can be used as a stabilizing excipient and/or isotonicity agent, sweetener, humectant, thickener and dietary supplement.
    D-Sorbitol
  • HY-B2162
    Chondroitin sulfate 9007-28-7
    Chondroitin sulfate, one of five classes of glycosaminoglycans, has been widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Chondroitin sulfate reduces inflammation mediators and the apoptotic process and is able to reduce protein production of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMPs.
    Chondroitin sulfate
  • HY-N1132
    D-(+)-Trehalose 99-20-7 ≥98.0%
    D-(+)-Trehalose,which is widespread, can be used as a food ingredient and pharmaceutical excipient.
    D-(+)-Trehalose
  • HY-N0379
    D-Mannose 3458-28-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Mannose is a carbohydrate, which plays an important role in human metabolism, especially in the glycosylation of specific proteins.
    D-Mannose
  • HY-13005
    Fagomine 53185-12-9 ≥98.0%
    Fagomine is a mild glycosidase inhibitor. The Ki of the iminosugar Fagomine is 4.8 μM, 39 μM, and 70 μM for Amyloglucosidase (A.niger), β-Glucosidase (bovine), and Isomaltase (yeast), respectively.
    Fagomine
  • HY-A0132
    N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine 7512-17-6
    N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine (N-Acetyl-2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucose) is a monosaccharide derivative of glucose.
    N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine
  • HY-113511
    Glycogen, Mussel 9005-79-2 ≥99.0%
    Glycogen is a glycolytic intermediates and high-energy phosphates that can serve as a form of energy storage in humans, animals, fungi, and bacteria.
    Glycogen, Mussel
  • HY-N6653
    Lentinan 37339-90-5
    Lentinan is purified β-glucan from Shiitake mushrooms. Lentinan has been approved as a biological response modifier for gastric cancer in Japan.
    Lentinan