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Saccharides

Saccharides are the most abundant class of organic compounds found in living organisms and a major source of metabolic energy, both for plants and for animals that depend on plants for food. They are represented by a common formula Cm(H2O)n hence, often called carbohydrates. Saccharides are mainly grouped into: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Saccharides perform numerous structural as well as biological roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serves as the reservoir of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. They actively participate in energy storage and transport, signaling, cell-cell communication, pathogenesis, immune response and modulation of protein and lipid function.

Saccharides (458):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-D1056
    Lipopolysaccharides
    Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) is an endotoxin derived from the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharides consists of an antigen O-specific chain, a core oligosaccharide and lipid A. Lipopolysaccharides is a pathogenic associated molecular pattern (PAMP) that activates the immune system. Lipopolysaccharides activates TLR-4 on immune cells. This product is derived from Escherichia coli O55:B5. Lipopolysaccharides induces secretion of cell migrasome.
    Lipopolysaccharides
  • HY-13966
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose 154-17-6 99.93%
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose is a glucose analog that acts as a competitive inhibitor of glucose metabolism, inhibiting glycolysis via its actions on hexokinase.
    2-Deoxy-D-glucose
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Galactose is a natural aldohexose and C-4 epimer of glucose.
    D-Galactose
  • HY-B0389
    D-Glucose 50-99-7 ≥98.0%
    D-Glucose is the naturally occurring form of glucose and the most abundant monosaccharide. D-Glucose is a critical components of the general metabolism, and serve as critical signaling molecules in relation to both cellular metabolic status and biotic or abiotic stress response.
    D-Glucose
  • HY-101916
    Heparan Sulfate 9050-30-0
    Heparan sulfate, a complex and linear polysaccharide, exists as part of glycoproteins named heparan sulfate proteoglycans, which are expressed abundantly on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix.
    Heparan Sulfate
  • HY-B2162A
    Chondroitin sulfate sodium (from shark cartilage) 9082-07-9 ≥99.0%
    Chondroitin sulfate sodium (from shark cartilage), one of five classes of glycosaminoglycans, has been widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Chondroitin sulfate reduces inflammation mediators and the apoptotic process and is able to reduce protein production of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMPs.
    Chondroitin sulfate sodium (from shark cartilage)
  • HY-N0911
    Rehmannioside A 81720-05-0 ≥98.0%
    Rehmannioside A is a neuroprotective agent that can be isolated from Rehmanniae radix. Rehmannioside A can inhibit the release of proinflammatory mediators from microglia and promote M2 polarization in vitro, thereby protecting co-cultured neurons from apoptosis by inhibiting NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways. Rehmannioside A can be used in spinal cord injury research.
    Rehmannioside A
  • HY-N12450
    Aloinoside A 56645-88-6
    56645-88-6
    Aloinoside A
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9
    Hyaluronic acid (corn fermented) is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-B0089
    Acarbose 56180-94-0 99.97%
    Acarbose (BAY g 5421), antihyperglycemic agent, is an orally active alpha-glucosidase inhibitor (IC50=11 nM). Acarbose can potentiate the hypoglycemic effects of sulfonylureas or insulin.
    Acarbose
  • HY-132179
    Fucoidan 9072-19-9 ≥98.0%
    Fucoidan, a biologically active polysaccharide, is an efficient inhibitor of α-amylase and α-glucosidase. Anticoagulant, antitumor, antioxidant and antisteatotic activities.
    Fucoidan
  • HY-I0400
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid 131-48-6 99.44%
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid is a nine-carbon, sialic acid monosaccharide commonly found in glycoproteins on cell membranes and in glycolipids such as gangliosides in mammalian cells.
    N-Acetylneuraminic acid
  • HY-N1132
    D-(+)-Trehalose 99-20-7 99.94%
    D-(+)-Trehalose,which is widespread, can be used as a food ingredient and pharmaceutical excipient.
    D-(+)-Trehalose
  • HY-42682
    D(+)-Galactosamine hydrochloride 1772-03-8 ≥98.0%
    D(+)-Galactosamine (D-Galactosamine) hydrochloride, which is an established experimental toxin, primarily causes liver injury by the generation of free radicals and depletion of UTP nucleotides. D(+)-Galactosamine hydrochloride intoxication also induces renal dysfunction thus, renal failure is often associated with the end-stage of the liver damage. Lipopolysaccharide/D(+)-Galactosamine-induced acute liver injury is a known animal model of fulminant hepatic failure.
    D(+)-Galactosamine hydrochloride
  • HY-B0633
    Hyaluronic acid sodium 9067-32-7 ≥98.0%
    Hyaluronic acid sodium (Sodium hyaluronate) is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid sodium
  • HY-B0400
    D-Sorbitol 50-70-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Sorbitol (Sorbitol) is a six-carbon sugar alcohol and can used as a sugar substitute. D-Sorbitol can be used as a stabilizing excipient and/or isotonicity agent, sweetener, humectant, thickener and dietary supplement.
    D-Sorbitol
  • HY-B1125
    Glucosamine 3416-24-8 ≥98.0%
    Glucosamine (D-Glucosamine) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids, is used as a dietary supplement. Glucosamine also is a natural constituent of glycosaminoglycans in the cartilage matrix and synovial fluid, which when administered exogenously, exerts pharmacological effects on osteoarthritic cartilage and chondrocytes.
    Glucosamine
  • HY-B2162
    Chondroitin sulfate 9007-28-7 98.60%
    Chondroitin sulfate, one of five classes of glycosaminoglycans, has been widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Chondroitin sulfate reduces inflammation mediators and the apoptotic process and is able to reduce protein production of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMPs.
    Chondroitin sulfate
  • HY-N0379
    D-Mannose 3458-28-4 ≥98.0%
    D-Mannose is a C-2 superpolymer of glucose that occurs naturally in many plants and fruits. D-Mannose has anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity. D-Mannose plays an important role in immune regulation.
    D-Mannose
  • HY-119109
    Laminaran 9008-22-4 ≥98.0%
    Laminaran is an β-1-3-glucan and a typical ligand for Dectin-1 from Eisenia Bicyclis, has potent immunomodulating, radioprotective, and anticancer activities. Laminaran is made up of β (1→3)-glucan with β (1→6)-branches and can be catalyzed by enzymes such as laminarinase (EC 3.2.1.6) that breaks the β (1→3) bonds. Laminaran is a promising immune stimulatory molecule for use in cancer immunotherapy.
    Laminaran