1. Apoptosis Autophagy
  2. Apoptosis Autophagy
  3. Brazilin

Brazilin is a red dye precursor obtained from the heartwood of several species of tropical hardwoods. Brazilin inhibits the cells proliferation, promotes apoptosis, and induces autophagy through the AMPK/mTOR pathway. Brazilin shows chondroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Brazilin Chemical Structure

Brazilin Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 474-07-7

Size Price Stock Quantity
Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 176 In-stock
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 176 In-stock
Solid
1 mg USD 56 In-stock
5 mg USD 119 In-stock
10 mg USD 202 In-stock
20 mg USD 343 In-stock
50 mg   Get quote  
100 mg   Get quote  

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Customer Review

Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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  • Biological Activity

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

Brazilin is a red dye precursor obtained from the heartwood of several species of tropical hardwoods. Brazilin inhibits the cells proliferation, promotes apoptosis, and induces autophagy through the AMPK/mTOR pathway. Brazilin shows chondroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities[1][2][3].

In Vitro

Brazilin (40 µM, 24 h) shows no significant cytotoxic effect on PC12 cells[4].
Brazilin (10 μM, 1 h) reduces H2O2-induced (200 μM, 24 h) cytotoxicity in PC12 Cells[4].
Brazilin (10 μM, 1 h) antagonists H2O2-induced (200 μM, 24 h) cytotoxicity in PC12 Cells[4].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Viability Assay[4]

Cell Line: PC12 cell line
Concentration: 10, 20 μM
Incubation Time: 1 h
Result: Attenuated 200 µM H2O2-induced decrease in cell viability at the concentration of 10 µM and 20 µM.(47.83 and 91.51% of the control value, respectively)
In Vivo

Brazilin (10 mg/kg, i.p, 28 d) alleviates the CMS-induced depressive- and anxiety-like behaviors in adult mice[4].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Chronic mild stress (CMS) mice model[4]
Dosage: 10 mg/kg
Administration: Intraperitoneally injected (i.p.), once a day for 28 d
Result: Decreased the prolonged latency to feeding significantly.
Molecular Weight

286.28

Formula

C16H14O5

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

Yellow to brown

SMILES

OC1=CC=C([C@]2([H])[C@](CC3=C2C=C(O)C(O)=C3)(O)CO4)C4=C1

Structure Classification
Initial Source
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 33.33 mg/mL (116.42 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.4931 mL 17.4654 mL 34.9308 mL
5 mM 0.6986 mL 3.4931 mL 6.9862 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
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Concentration
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Volume
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Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

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Volume (start)

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C2

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V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.73 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.73 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
Tween-80 +
%
Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation

Purity: 99.37%

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 3.4931 mL 17.4654 mL 34.9308 mL 87.3271 mL
5 mM 0.6986 mL 3.4931 mL 6.9862 mL 17.4654 mL
10 mM 0.3493 mL 1.7465 mL 3.4931 mL 8.7327 mL
15 mM 0.2329 mL 1.1644 mL 2.3287 mL 5.8218 mL
20 mM 0.1747 mL 0.8733 mL 1.7465 mL 4.3664 mL
25 mM 0.1397 mL 0.6986 mL 1.3972 mL 3.4931 mL
30 mM 0.1164 mL 0.5822 mL 1.1644 mL 2.9109 mL
40 mM 0.0873 mL 0.4366 mL 0.8733 mL 2.1832 mL
50 mM 0.0699 mL 0.3493 mL 0.6986 mL 1.7465 mL
60 mM 0.0582 mL 0.2911 mL 0.5822 mL 1.4555 mL
80 mM 0.0437 mL 0.2183 mL 0.4366 mL 1.0916 mL
100 mM 0.0349 mL 0.1747 mL 0.3493 mL 0.8733 mL
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Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Brazilin
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HY-N0072
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