1. PI3K/Akt/mTOR Stem Cell/Wnt Autophagy
  2. Organoid GSK-3 Wnt β-catenin Autophagy
  3. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride

Laduviglusib monohydrochloride  (Synonyms: CHIR-99021 monohydrochloride; CT99021 monohydrochloride)

Cat. No.: HY-10182A Purity: 99.93%
COA Handling Instructions

Laduviglusib (CHIR-99021) monohydrochloride is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride induces autophagy.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Laduviglusib monohydrochloride Chemical Structure

Laduviglusib monohydrochloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1797989-42-4

Size Price Stock Quantity
Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 97 In-stock
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 97 In-stock
Solid
5 mg USD 88 In-stock
10 mg USD 121 In-stock
50 mg USD 308 In-stock
100 mg USD 605 In-stock
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Customer Review

Based on 151 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Laduviglusib monohydrochloride:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

145 Publications Citing Use of MCE Laduviglusib monohydrochloride

WB
RT-PCR
IF

    Laduviglusib monohydrochloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2020 Apr 2;524(2):280-287.  [Abstract]

    Western blot analysis of Tcf7l1 protein levels in mESCs pre-treated with the indicative different small molecules for 1 h and then treated with CHIR for 24 h.

    Laduviglusib monohydrochloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2020 Apr 2;524(2):280-287.  [Abstract]

    Western blot analysis of Tcf7l1 protein levels in mESCs pre-treated with D4476 or DMAT and then treated with CHIR or PD03 for 24 h.

    Laduviglusib monohydrochloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Chemosphere. 2018 Oct 23;216:372-378.  [Abstract]

    AhR mediates EOM-inhibited cardiac differentiation by downregulating β-catenin expression in P19 cells. mRNA expression changes of β-catenin by Q-PCR. The concentrations of CH (CH223191, AhR antagonist) and CHIR (CHIR99021, Wnt activator) are 0.25 and 0.5 μM respectively.

    Laduviglusib monohydrochloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Chemosphere. 2018 Oct 23;216:372-378.  [Abstract]

    AhR mediates EOM-inhibited cardiac differentiation by downregulating β-catenin expression in P19 cells. Percentage of cTnT positive cells at differentiation day 14. The concentrations of CH (CH223191, AhR antagonist) and CHIR (CHIR99021, Wnt activator) are 0.25 and 0.5 μM respectively.

    Laduviglusib monohydrochloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Chemosphere. 2018 Oct 23;216:372-378.  [Abstract]

    AhR mediates EOM-inhibited cardiac differentiation by downregulating β-catenin expression in P19 cells. Percentage of cTnT positive cells at differentiation day 14. The concentrations of CH (CH223191, AhR antagonist) and CHIR (CHIR99021, Wnt activator) are 0.25 and 0.5 μM respectively.

    Laduviglusib monohydrochloride purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Toxicology. 2016 May 20;355-356:31-38.  [Abstract]

    Western analysis of β-catenin protein level in zebrafish embryos exposed to EOM in the presence or absence of CH/CHIR (n = 3). Different letters indicate significant differences. Moreover, both CH and CHIR attenuate the EOM-induced changes in the protein level of b-catenin and in EROD activity.

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    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    • Customer Review

    Description

    Laduviglusib (CHIR-99021) monohydrochloride is a potent and selective GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride induces autophagy[1][2][3].

    IC50 & Target[1] [1] [1]

    GSK-3β

    6.7 nM (IC50)

    GSK-3α

    10 nM (IC50)

    cdc2

    8800 nM (IC50)

    In Vitro

    Laduviglusib monohydrochloride inhibits human GSK-3β with Ki values of 9.8 nM[1]. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride is a small organic molecule that inhibits GSK3α and GSK3β by competing for their ATP-binding sites. In vitro kinase assays reveal that Laduviglusib monohydrochloride specifically inhibits GSK3β (IC50=~5 nM) and GSK3α (IC50=~10 nM), with little effect on other kinases[4]. In the presence of Laduviglusib monohydrochloride the viability of the ES-D3 cells is reduced by 24.7% at 2.5 μM, 56.3% at 5 μM, 61.9% at 7.5 μM and 69.2% at 10 μM Laduviglusib monohydrochloride with an IC50 of 4.9 μM[2].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    In Vivo

    In ZDF rats, a single oral dose of Laduviglusib (16 mg/kg or 48 mg/kg) monohydrochloride rapidly lowers plasma glucose, with a maximal reduction of nearly 150 mg/dl 3-4 h after administration[1]. Laduviglusib (2 mg/kg) monohydrochloride given once, 4 h before irradiation, significantly improves survival after 14.5 Gy abdominal irradiation (ABI). Laduviglusib monohydrochloride treatment significantly blocks crypt apoptosis and accumulation of p-H2AX+ cells, and improves crypt regeneration and villus height. Laduviglusib monohydrochloride treatment increases Lgr5+ cell survival by blocking apoptosis, and effectively prevents the reduction of Olfm4, Lgr5 and CD44 as early as 4 h[5].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Molecular Weight

    501.80

    Formula

    C22H19Cl3N8

    CAS No.
    Appearance

    Solid

    Color

    White to yellow

    SMILES

    N#CC1=CC=C(NCCNC2=NC=C(C3=NC=C(C)N3)C(C4=CC=C(Cl)C=C4Cl)=N2)N=C1.[H]Cl

    Shipping

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    Storage

    4°C, sealed storage, away from moisture

    *In solvent : -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year (sealed storage, away from moisture)

    Solvent & Solubility
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : 60 mg/mL (119.57 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

    H2O : 7.14 mg/mL (14.23 mM; Need ultrasonic)

    Preparing
    Stock Solutions
    Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 1.9928 mL 9.9641 mL 19.9283 mL
    5 mM 0.3986 mL 1.9928 mL 3.9857 mL
    View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

    * Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year (sealed storage, away from moisture). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

    * Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

    • Molarity Calculator

    • Dilution Calculator

    Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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    Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

    This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

    Concentration (start)

    C1

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    In Vivo:

    Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

    For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
    To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
    The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

    • Protocol 1

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

      Solubility: ≥ 3 mg/mL (5.98 mM); Clear solution

      This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 3 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

      Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (30.0 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

      Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
    • Protocol 2

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

      Solubility: ≥ 3 mg/mL (5.98 mM); Clear solution

      This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 3 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

      Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (30.0 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

      Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.

    For the following dissolution methods, please prepare the working solution directly. It is recommended to prepare fresh solutions and use them promptly within a short period of time.
    The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

    • Protocol 1

      Add each solvent one by one:  PBS

      Solubility: 5 mg/mL (9.96 mM); Clear solution; Need ultrasonic

    In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
    Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

    Dosage

    mg/kg

    Animal weight
    (per animal)

    g

    Dosing volume
    (per animal)

    μL

    Number of animals

    Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
    Please enter your animal formula composition:
    %
    DMSO +
    +
    %
    Tween-80 +
    %
    Saline
    Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
    The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
    Calculation results:
    Working solution concentration: mg/mL
    Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).

    *In solvent : -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year (sealed storage, away from moisture)

    The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
    Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
     If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
    Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
    Purity & Documentation

    Purity: 99.93%

    References
    Cell Assay
    [3]

    The viability of the mouse ES cells is determined after exposure to different concentrations of GSK3 inhibitors for three days using the MTT assay. The decrease of MTT activity is a reliable metabolism-based test for quantifying cell viability; this decrease correlates with the loss of cell viability. 2,000 cells are seeded overnight on gelatine-coated 96-well plates in LIF-containing ES cell medium. On the next day the medium is changed to medium devoid of LIF and with reduced serum and supplemented with 0.1-1 μM BIO, or 1-10 μM SB-216763, CHIR-99021 or CHIR-98014. Basal medium without GSK3 inhibitors or DMSO is used as control. All tested conditions are analyzed in triplicates[3].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [1][4]

    Rats[1]
    Primary hepatocytes from male Sprague Dawley rats that weighed <140 g are prepared and used 1-3 h after isolation. Aliquots of 1×106cells in 1 mL of DMEM/F12 medium plus 0.2% BSA and CHIR-99021(orally at 16 or 48 mg/kg) or controls are incubated in 12-well plates on a low-speed shaker for 30 min at 37°C in a CO2-enriched atmosphere, collected by centrifugation and lysed by freeze/thaw in buffer A plus 0.01% NP40; the GS assay is again performed.
    Mice[4]
    Mice 6-10 weeks old are used. The PUMA+/+ and PUMA-/- littermates on C57BL/6 background (F10) and Lgr5-EGFP (Lgr5-EGFP-IRES-creERT2) mice are subjected to whole body irradiation (TBI), or abdominal irradiation (ABI). Mice are injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 2 mg/kg of CHIR99021 4 h before radiation or 1 mg/kg of SB415286 28 h and 4 h before radiation. Mice are sacrificed to collect small intestines for histology analysis and western blotting. All mice are injected i.p. with 100 mg/kg of BrdU before sacrifice.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    References

    Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

    * Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year (sealed storage, away from moisture). When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

    Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
    H2O / DMSO 1 mM 1.9928 mL 9.9641 mL 19.9283 mL 49.8206 mL
    5 mM 0.3986 mL 1.9928 mL 3.9857 mL 9.9641 mL
    10 mM 0.1993 mL 0.9964 mL 1.9928 mL 4.9821 mL
    DMSO 15 mM 0.1329 mL 0.6643 mL 1.3286 mL 3.3214 mL
    20 mM 0.0996 mL 0.4982 mL 0.9964 mL 2.4910 mL
    25 mM 0.0797 mL 0.3986 mL 0.7971 mL 1.9928 mL
    30 mM 0.0664 mL 0.3321 mL 0.6643 mL 1.6607 mL
    40 mM 0.0498 mL 0.2491 mL 0.4982 mL 1.2455 mL
    50 mM 0.0399 mL 0.1993 mL 0.3986 mL 0.9964 mL
    60 mM 0.0332 mL 0.1661 mL 0.3321 mL 0.8303 mL
    80 mM 0.0249 mL 0.1246 mL 0.2491 mL 0.6228 mL
    100 mM 0.0199 mL 0.0996 mL 0.1993 mL 0.4982 mL

    * Note: If you choose water as the stock solution, please dilute it to the working solution, then filter and sterilize it with a 0.22 μm filter before use.

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      Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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