1. Immunology/Inflammation
    Apoptosis
  2. COX
    Apoptosis
  3. Diclofenac Sodium

Diclofenac Sodium (Synonyms: GP 45840)

Cat. No.: HY-15037 Purity: 99.93%
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Diclofenac Sodium (GP 45840) is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac Sodium induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Diclofenac Sodium Chemical Structure

Diclofenac Sodium Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 15307-79-6

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Based on 6 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Diclofenac Sodium (GP 45840) is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells[1], and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively[2]. Diclofenac Sodium induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade[3].

IC50 & Target[1][2]

Human COX-2

1.3 nM (IC50, in CHO cells)

Human COX-1

4 nM (IC50, in CHO cells)

Ovine COX-2

0.84 μM (IC50)

Ovine COX-1

5.1 μM (IC50)

In Vitro

Diclofenac effectively blocks COX-1 mediated prostanoid production from U937 cell microsomes, with an IC50 of 7±3 nM[1].
Diclofenac (1-60 μM; 1 day) induces neural stem cells (NSCs)death in a concentration-dependent manner[3].
Diclofenac (10-60 μM; 6 hours) increases the expression of cleaved (activated) caspase-3[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Viability Assay[3]

Cell Line: Neural stem cells (NSCs)
Concentration: 1, 3, 10, 30, 60 μM
Incubation Time: 1 day
Result: Induction of cell death was concentration-dependent and the effect was not saturated at a concentration of up to 60 μM.

Western Blot Analysis[3]

Cell Line: Neural stem cells (NSCs)
Concentration: 10, 30 or 60 μM
Incubation Time: 6 hours
Result: The activation of caspase-3 was increased in a concentration-dependent manner.
In Vivo

Diclofenac (3 mg/kg, b.i.d., for 5 days) significantly increases faecal 51Cr excretion in rats, and such effect is also observed in squirrel monkeys after administrated of 1 mg/kg twice daily for 4 days[1].
Diclofenac (10 mg/kg; administered via oral route just prior to induction of inflammation) shows in vivo anti-inflammatory activity in Wistar rats[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (150±200 g)[1]
Dosage: 3 mg/kg
Administration: Oral administration, b.i.d., for 5 days
Result: Resulted in a significant increase in faecal 51Cr excretion.
Animal Model: Wistar rats (150-175 g) bearing Formalin-induced rat foot paw edema model[2]
Dosage: 10 mg/kg
Administration: Administered via oral route just prior to induction of inflammation
Result: Showed in vivo anti-inflammatory activity (% edema inhibition=29.2, 1 h; 22.2, 3 h; 20, 6 h).
Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

318.13

Formula

C₁₄H₁₀Cl₂NNaO₂

CAS No.

15307-79-6

SMILES

O=C(O[Na])CC1=CC=CC=C1NC2=C(Cl)C=CC=C2Cl

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O : 10 mg/mL (31.43 mM; ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.1434 mL 15.7168 mL 31.4337 mL
5 mM 0.6287 mL 3.1434 mL 6.2867 mL
10 mM 0.3143 mL 1.5717 mL 3.1434 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
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Keywords:

DiclofenacGP 45840GP45840GP-45840COXApoptosisCyclooxygenaseanti-inflammatoryCOX-1COX-2CHOovineneuralstemcellsNSCscaspasecascadeInhibitorinhibitorinhibit

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