1. Immunology/Inflammation Apoptosis
  2. COX Apoptosis
  3. Diclofenac potassium

Diclofenac potassium 

Cat. No.: HY-15038 Purity: 99.99%
COA Handling Instructions

Diclofenac potassium is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells, and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Diclofenac potassium induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Diclofenac potassium Chemical Structure

Diclofenac potassium Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 15307-81-0

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
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Based on 12 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Diclofenac potassium is a potent and nonselective anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a COX inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 and 1.3 nM for human COX-1 and COX-2 in CHO cells[1], and 5.1 and 0.84 μM for ovine COX-1 and COX-2, respectively[2]. Diclofenac potassium induces apoptosis of neural stem cells (NSCs) via the activation of the caspase cascade[3].

IC50 & Target[1][2]

Human COX-2

1.3 nM (IC50, in CHO cells)

Human COX-1

4 nM (IC50, in CHO cells)

Ovine COX-2

0.84 nM (IC50)

Ovine COX-1

5.1 nM (IC50)

In Vitro

Diclofenac effectively blocks COX-1 mediated prostanoid production from U937 cell microsomes, with an IC50 of 7±3 nM[1].
Diclofenac (1-60 μM; 1 day) induces neural stem cells (NSCs) death in a concentration-dependent manner[3].
Diclofenac (10-60 μM; 6 hours) increases the expression of cleaved (activated) caspase-3[3].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Viability Assay[3]

Cell Line: Neural stem cells (NSCs)
Concentration: 1, 3, 10, 30, 60 μM
Incubation Time: 1 day
Result: Induction of cell death was concentration-dependent and the effect was not saturated at a concentration of up to 60 μM.

Western Blot Analysis[3]

Cell Line: Neural stem cells (NSCs)
Concentration: 10, 30 or 60 μM
Incubation Time: 6 hours
Result: The activation of caspase-3 was increased in a concentration-dependent manner.
In Vivo

Diclofenac (3 mg/kg, b.i.d., for 5 days) significantly increases faecal 51Cr excretion in rats, and such effect is also observed in squirrel monkeys after administrated of 1 mg/kg twice daily for 4 days[1].
Diclofenac (10 mg/kg; administered via oral route just prior to induction of inflammation) shows in vivo anti-inflammatory activity in Wistar rats[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Model: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (150±200 g)[1]
Dosage: 3 mg/kg
Administration: Oral administration, b.i.d., for 5 days
Result: Resulted in a significant increase in faecal 51Cr excretion.
Animal Model: Wistar rats (150-175 g) bearing Formalin-induced rat foot paw edema model[2]
Dosage: 10 mg/kg
Administration: Administered via oral route just prior to induction of inflammation
Result: Showed in vivo anti-inflammatory activity (% edema inhibition=29.2, 1 h; 22.2, 3 h; 20, 6 h).
Clinical Trial
Molecular Weight

334.24

Formula

C14H10Cl2KNO2

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

O=C(O[K])CC1=CC=CC=C1NC2=C(Cl)C=CC=C2Cl

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage

4°C, sealed storage, away from moisture

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (sealed storage, away from moisture)

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (299.19 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : 14.29 mg/mL (42.75 mM; ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.9919 mL 14.9593 mL 29.9186 mL
5 mM 0.5984 mL 2.9919 mL 5.9837 mL
10 mM 0.2992 mL 1.4959 mL 2.9919 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (7.48 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (7.48 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (7.48 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Purity & Documentation
References
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Diclofenac potassium Related Classifications

Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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Diclofenac potassium
Cat. No.:
HY-15038
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