1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    NF-κB
    Immunology/Inflammation
    Neuronal Signaling
  2. Sodium Channel
    Potassium Channel
    NF-κB
    COX
    Amyloid-β
  3. Ginsenoside Rg3

Ginsenoside Rg3 (Synonyms: 20(S)-Ginsenoside-Rg3; Rg3; S-Ginsenoside Rg3)

Cat. No.: HY-N0603 Purity: >98.0%
Handling Instructions

Ginsenoside Rg3 is the main component of Red ginseng. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits Na+ and hKv1.4 channel with IC50s of 32.2±4.5 and 32.6±2.2 μM, respectively. Ginsenoside Rg3 also inhibits levels, NF-κB activity, and COX-2 expression.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Ginsenoside Rg3 Chemical Structure

Ginsenoside Rg3 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 14197-60-5

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Free Sample (0.5-1 mg)   Apply now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 73 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 66 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 142 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg USD 252 In-stock
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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Ginsenoside Rg3 is the main component of Red ginseng. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits Na+ and hKv1.4 channel with IC50s of 32.2±4.5 and 32.6±2.2 μM, respectively. Ginsenoside Rg3 also inhibits levels, NF-κB activity, and COX-2 expression.

IC50 & Target

IC50: 32.2±4.5 μM (Na+ channel)[1]
IC50: 32.6±2.2 μM (hKv1.4 channel)[2]
NF-κB p65[3]
COX-2[3]
Aβ40 and Aβ42[4]

In Vitro

Ginsenoside Rg3 plays an important role in its effect on the Na+ channel. Treatment with Ginsenoside Rg3 reversibly inhibits the inward Na+ peak current (INa) with an IC50 of 32.2±4.5 μM, and the inhibition is voltage-dependent[1]. Ginsenoside Rg3 at 100 μM inhibits the hKv1.4 channel currents by an average of 65%.The Ginsenoside Rg3 effect is concentration-dependent and reversible. The IC50 value and Hill coefficient are 32.6±2.2 μM and 1.59±0.13, respectively[2]. Ginsenoside Rg3 shows the significant inhibition of NF-κB activity thereby reduced COX-2 expression. To examine the cytotoxicity of Ginsenoside Rg3 on IL-1β-induced inflamed A549 cells, the cells are firstly treated with IL-1β (10 ng/mL) for 4 h and treated with 100 to 900 ng/mL concentration of Ginsenoside Rg3 for 12 h. Cell viability is analyzed using an MTT assay. There is no observed cytotoxicity of Ginsenoside Rg3 in IL-1β-induced inflamed A549 cells compared to only PBS-treated cells (Con).To obtain the anti-inflammatory effects of Ginsenoside Rg3 on inflammation induced human lung epithelial cells, A549 cells inflammation is induced by IL-1β (10 ng/mL) and then treated by 5 μM of Dexamethasone (Dex) or 900 nM of Rg3. The NF-κB activation is analyzed by a western blot analysis to evaluate the effect of Ginsenoside Rg3 treatment on A549 cells. Phospho-NF-κB p65/total NF-κB p65 densitometry in the cells treated with Rg3 shows the significant decrease compared to IL-1β-induced inflamed A549 cells. The meaning of reducing the ratio of p-p65/p65 by Rg3 treatment is associated with NF-κB activation. Ginsenoside Rg3 also downregulates the expression of COX-2 effectively[3].

In Vivo

Ginsenoside Rg3 ((20S)-Rg3) is an Aβ-lowering Natural Compound. APP/PS1 mice are treated with Ginsenoside Rg3 once a day for 4 weeks by intraperitoneal injection (10 mg/kg/day). Aβ ELISA analysis of brain tissues reveal that Ginsenoside Rg3 treatment results in a significant reduction of Aβ40 and Aβ42 in the brain[4].

Clinical Trial
Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 50 mg/mL (63.69 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.2739 mL 6.3693 mL 12.7387 mL
5 mM 0.2548 mL 1.2739 mL 2.5477 mL
10 mM 0.1274 mL 0.6369 mL 1.2739 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (3.18 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Cell Assay
[3]

MTT assays are performed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of Ginsenoside Rg3 on inflamed cells. Ten thousands of A549 cells cultured each well of 96-well plate and are incubated at 37°C and 5% CO2 overnight. After serum starvation using DMEM low glucose without FBS, the medium is changed into RPMI containing IL-1β (10 ng/mL) and the cells are incubated at 37°C and 5% CO2 for 4 h. After 4 h incubation, the cells are treated with Ginsenoside Rg3 (100-900 nM) for 12 h. Thirty microliters of MTT solution (5 mg/mL) is added to each well and the cells are incubated for 2 h. After 2 h incubation in cell culture incubator, the medium containing MTT solution of each well is removed and 50 μL of DMSO is added. Using an automated spectrophotometric plate reader at 570 nm, the optical density of formazan is measured[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[4]

Mice[4]
The mice used are heterozygous, double transgenic animals expressing both human APP(K670N/M671L) and PS1(M146L) proteins. These Alzheimer disease model mice are age-matched (3 months old) in all experiments with wild-type littermates. Both sets of mice are produced by crossing heterozygous APP mice with heterozygous PS1 mice and are weaned at 3 weeks and genotyped by PCR of digested tail samples. Ginsenoside Rg3 is prepared in a saline solution containing 0.01% DMSO at a concentration of 10 mg/kg of body weight. Ginsenoside Rg3 (or saline with 0.01% DMSO for controls) is administered daily via intraperitoneal injection. After sacrifice, one hemibrain from each mouse is frozen on dry ice, homogenized in sucrose buffer, and extracted via formic acid for Aβ quantification using a commercial sandwich ELISA kit.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

785.01

Formula

C₄₂H₇₂O₁₃

CAS No.

14197-60-5

SMILES
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Purity: >98.0%

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Product Name:
Ginsenoside Rg3
Cat. No.:
HY-N0603
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Ginsenoside Rg3

Cat. No.: HY-N0603