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Geniposide 

Cat. No.: HY-N0009 Purity: 99.52%
Handling Instructions

Geniposide is an iridoid glucoside extracted from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruits; exhibits a varity of biological activities such as anti-diabetic, antioxidative, antiproliferative and neuroprotective activities.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Geniposide Chemical Structure

Geniposide Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 24512-63-8

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Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 55 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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10 mM * 1 mL
ready for reconstitution
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Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
Solid
50 mg USD 50 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg USD 75 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
500 mg USD 175 In-stock
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Customer Review

Based on 2 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

Geniposide is an iridoid glucoside extracted from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruits; exhibits a varity of biological activities such as anti-diabetic, antioxidative, antiproliferative and neuroprotective activities.

In Vitro

Geniposide exhibits a variety of activities, such as on antithrombosis, anti-inflammation, anti-diabetes, anti-atherosclerosis, antidepression, healing Alzheimer’s disease (AD), anti-hypertension, toxicology, and untoward reaction are summarized[1]. Geniposide markedly declines the production of IL-8, IL-1β and MCP-1 in OGD-induced brain microvascular endothelial cells, the expression of P2Y14 receptor is significantly down-regulated, the phosphorylation of RAF-1, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 are suppressed[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

Geniposide (200 and 400 mg/kg) significantly decreases the blood glucose, insulin and TG levels in diabetic mice in a dose-dependent manner. This compound also decreases the expression of GP and G6Pase at mRNA and immunoreactive protein levels, as well as enzyme activity[3]. Geniposide (20.0, 40.0, or 80 mg/kg) significantly reverses the excessive, alcohol-induced elevation in both serum ALT/AST and hepatic LPO levels. Geniposide upregulates the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) to attenuate the cell apoptosis induced by 3-morpholinosydnonimine hydrochloride (SIN-1) in primary cultured hippocampal neurons[4]. Geniposide inhibits photochemistry-induced thromboembolism model in vivo. Geniposide are very effective depressants on NF-κB by interrupting IκB degradation[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

388.37

Formula

C17H24O10

CAS No.
SMILES
Structure Classification
Source
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (257.49 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : 50 mg/mL (128.74 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.5749 mL 12.8743 mL 25.7486 mL
5 mM 0.5150 mL 2.5749 mL 5.1497 mL
10 mM 0.2575 mL 1.2874 mL 2.5749 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.75 mg/mL (7.08 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.75 mg/mL (7.08 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.75 mg/mL (7.08 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are available by MCE.
References
Cell Assay
[2]

The third passages of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) are used for the experiment. The BMECs are divided into four groups: (1)normal control group: the normal cultured BMECs without treatment; (2)OGD group: the BMECs injured by OGD according to the above method; (3) geniposide group: the OGD-injured BMECs treated with 33.2 μg/mL geniposide for 6 h; (4)PTX group: the OGD-injured BMECs administrated with 100 ng/mL PTX. PTX, known as an inhibitor of Gi-coupled receptor is used to assess the activation of P2Y14 receptor induced by OGD in this experiment[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[3]

Mice: Type 2 diabetic mice, induced by a high-fat diet and streptozotocin injection, are treated with or without geniposide for 2 weeks. Blood glucose levels are monitored by a glucometer. Insulin concentrations are analyzed by the ELISA method. Total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels are measured using Labassay kits. Activities of hepatic GP and G6Pase are measured by glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-coupled reaction. Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting are used to determine the mRNA and protein levels of both enzymes[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Purity: 99.52%

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