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  3. Geniposide

Geniposide 

Cat. No.: HY-N0009 Purity: 99.52%
Handling Instructions

Geniposide is an iridoid glucoside extracted from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruits; exhibits a varity of biological activities such as anti-diabetic, antioxidative, antiproliferative and neuroprotective activities.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Geniposide Chemical Structure

Geniposide Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 24512-63-8

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 66 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 60 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg USD 96 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
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Description

Geniposide is an iridoid glucoside extracted from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruits; exhibits a varity of biological activities such as anti-diabetic, antioxidative, antiproliferative and neuroprotective activities.

In Vitro

Geniposide exhibits a variety of activities, such as on antithrombosis, anti-inflammation, anti-diabetes, anti-atherosclerosis, antidepression, healing Alzheimer’s disease (AD), anti-hypertension, toxicology, and untoward reaction are summarized[1]. Geniposide markedly declines the production of IL-8, IL-1β and MCP-1 in OGD-induced brain microvascular endothelial cells, the expression of P2Y14 receptor is significantly down-regulated, the phosphorylation of RAF-1, MEK1/2, ERK1/2 are suppressed[2].

In Vivo

Geniposide (200 and 400 mg/kg) significantly decreases the blood glucose, insulin and TG levels in diabetic mice in a dose-dependent manner. This compound also decreases the expression of GP and G6Pase at mRNA and immunoreactive protein levels, as well as enzyme activity[3]. Geniposide (20.0, 40.0, or 80 mg/kg) significantly reverses the excessive, alcohol-induced elevation in both serum ALT/AST and hepatic LPO levels. Geniposide upregulates the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) to attenuate the cell apoptosis induced by 3-morpholinosydnonimine hydrochloride (SIN-1) in primary cultured hippocampal neurons[4]. Geniposide inhibits photochemistry-induced thromboembolism model in vivo. Geniposide are very effective depressants on NF-κB by interrupting IκB degradation[1].

Molecular Weight

388.37

Formula

C₁₇H₂₄O₁₀

CAS No.

24512-63-8

SMILES
Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (257.49 mM; Need ultrasonic)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.5749 mL 12.8743 mL 25.7486 mL
5 mM 0.5150 mL 2.5749 mL 5.1497 mL
10 mM 0.2575 mL 1.2874 mL 2.5749 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
In Vivo:
  • 1.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.75 mg/mL (7.08 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.75 mg/mL (7.08 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.75 mg/mL (7.08 mM); Clear solution

*All of the co-solvents are provided by MCE.
References
Cell Assay
[2]

The third passages of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) are used for the experiment. The BMECs are divided into four groups: (1)normal control group: the normal cultured BMECs without treatment; (2)OGD group: the BMECs injured by OGD according to the above method; (3) geniposide group: the OGD-injured BMECs treated with 33.2 μg/mL geniposide for 6 h; (4)PTX group: the OGD-injured BMECs administrated with 100 ng/mL PTX. PTX, known as an inhibitor of Gi-coupled receptor is used to assess the activation of P2Y14 receptor induced by OGD in this experiment[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[3]

Mice: Type 2 diabetic mice, induced by a high-fat diet and streptozotocin injection, are treated with or without geniposide for 2 weeks. Blood glucose levels are monitored by a glucometer. Insulin concentrations are analyzed by the ELISA method. Total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels are measured using Labassay kits. Activities of hepatic GP and G6Pase are measured by glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-coupled reaction. Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting are used to determine the mRNA and protein levels of both enzymes[3].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Purity: 99.52%

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Geniposide
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