1. GPCR/G Protein
  2. Guanylate Cyclase
  3. Lificiguat

Lificiguat  (Synonyms: YC-1)

Cat. No.: HY-14927 Purity: 99.74%
COA Handling Instructions

Lificiguat binds to the β subunit of soluble guanylyl cyclase(sGC) with Kd of 0.6-1.1 μM in the presence of CO.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Lificiguat Chemical Structure

Lificiguat Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 170632-47-0

Size Price Stock Quantity
Free Sample (0.1 - 0.5 mg)   Apply Now  
Solid + Solvent
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 61 In-stock
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 61 In-stock
5 mg USD 55 In-stock
10 mg USD 77 In-stock
50 mg USD 308 In-stock
100 mg USD 528 In-stock
200 mg USD 935 In-stock
500 mg   Get quote  
1 g   Get quote  

* Please select Quantity before adding items.

This product is a controlled substance and not for sale in your territory.

Customer Review

Based on 20 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

    Lificiguat purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Radiat Environ Biophys. 2019 Aug;58(3):439-448.  [Abstract]

    Western blot analysis reveals HIF-1α and BCL-2 expression in the four types of H1299 cells exposed to radiation following YC-1 pretreatment. β-actin level is determined as internal control.

    Lificiguat purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Biomed Pharmacother. 2018 Nov;107:1736-1743.  [Abstract]

    Western blot is used to assess the protein levels of VEGF, Ang-2, ALP, Runx2, and OPN-1 in the co-culture of HUVEC-12 and BMSCs. β-actin is used as a loading control.
    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    • Customer Review


    Lificiguat binds to the β subunit of soluble guanylyl cyclase(sGC) with Kd of 0.6-1.1 μM in the presence of CO.

    IC50 & Target

    Kd: 0.6-1.1 μM (sGC, in the presence of CO)[1]

    In Vitro

    Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) is a heterodimeric heme protein and the primary NO receptor. Lificiguat (YC-1) binds near or directly to the heme-containing domain of the beta subunit. In the absence of CO, Lificiguat (YC-1) binds with Kd=9-21 μM, depending on construct. In the presence of CO, these values decrease to 0.6-1.1 μM. Lificiguat (YC-1) greatly enhanced CO binding to heterodimeric sGC, as expected (Kd=1 μM). Lificiguat (YC-1) stimulates sGC two- to four-fold in the absence of NO but acts synergistically with CO or NO to achieve several hundred fold activation. Binding of Lificiguat(YC-1) can also overcome inhibitory phosphorylation of sGC[1]. Lificiguat (YC-1) is a soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) activator. HCC cell lines HepG2, BEL-7402 and HCCLM3 are incubated for 72 h with Sorafenib and/or Lificiguat (YC-1). Sorafenib or Lificiguat (YC-1) alone inhibits HCC cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, combination of Sorafenib and Lificiguat (YC-1) significantly suppresses proliferation of HCC cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, at the ED50 doses for both Sorafenib and Lificiguat (YC-1), combination index values (CI)=0.93 in HepG2, 0.95 in BEL-7402 and 0.72 in HCCLM3 respectively, suggesting that Sorafenib and Lificiguat (YC-1) synergistically inhibit proliferation of HCC cells[2].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    In Vivo

    Lificiguat (YC-1) (30 or 60 mg/kg, i.p.) inhibits MDA-MB-468 tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of the prodrug formulation of Lificiguat (YC-1), YC-1-S, in MDA-MB-468 tumor-bearing mice is also investigated. In vivo pharmacokinetic analysis reveal that YC-1-S is quickly converted into its active form. Mice are administered 20, 40 or 80 mg/kg YC-1-S p.o. YC-1-S also displays dose-dependent inhibition of MDA-MB468 tumor growth. Both Lificiguat (YC-1) and YC-1-S dose-dependently reduce tumor weight. Moreover, the mean body weight of mice is not affected by Lificiguat (YC-1) or YC-1-S compare with vehicle-treated groups[3]. Lificiguat (YC-1) is a potent NO-GC activator reported to improve rodent learning behavior when examined with the Morris water maze (MWM) and avoidance tests. Lificiguat (YC-1) enhances long-term potentiation (LTP) in hippocampal Schafer collateral-CA1 synapse via the NO-cGMP-PKG-dependent pathway and potentiated LTP induction in the amygdala, increases the activation of ERK, and potentiated the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) in response to fear memory test[4].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Molecular Weight




    CAS No.



    Off-white to yellow




    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    Powder -20°C 3 years
    4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 2 years
    -20°C 1 year
    Solvent & Solubility
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (328.58 mM)

    *"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

    Stock Solutions
    Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 3.2858 mL 16.4290 mL 32.8580 mL
    5 mM 0.6572 mL 3.2858 mL 6.5716 mL
    10 mM 0.3286 mL 1.6429 mL 3.2858 mL
    *Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
    In Vivo:
    • 1.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.21 mM); Clear solution

    • 2.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

      Solubility: 2.5 mg/mL (8.21 mM); Suspended solution; Need ultrasonic

    • 3.

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% Corn Oil

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (8.21 mM); Clear solution

    *All of the co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
    Purity & Documentation

    Purity: 99.74%

    Kinase Assay

    CO dissociation constants are measured by titrating CO from a saturated solution into sGC protein and monitoring the appearance of the CO-bound Soret absorption band. The Ms sGC β1(1-380) and Bt sGC β1(1-197) samples are prepared in Ar-purged buffer supplemented with excess dithionite. CO binding experiments are performed in a 10 cm pathlength cuvette for Ms sGC-β1(1-380) and Ms sGC-NT21 using a Cary 50 spectrophotometer with a modified sample holder. Binding data in the presence and absence of 50 μM Lificiguat (YC-1) is plotted using a single site saturation ligand binding model in SigmaPlot[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Assay

    Cell proliferation assay is measured using a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Briefly, cells are cultured in 96-well plates at a concentration of 3×103/well, incubated for 24 h, and treated with Sorafenib and/or Lificiguat (YC-1). After 72 h treatment, CCK-8 reagent is added to each well. The absorbance is measured at 450 nm after 2.5 h incubation at 37°C using an automated ELISA plate reader. Any synergistic effects resulting from combination of the compounds are measured using Microsoft Excel software to determine the combination index values (CI>1: antagonistic effect, CI=1: additive effect, and CT<1: synergistic effect)[2].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration

    Fifty-eight female nu/nu mice (4 weeks-old) are used. MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells (5×106 cells per mouse) are suspended in 0.1 mL of Matrigel solution (50% v/v Matrigel in PBS) and inoculated into the mammary fat pads of nude mice. When the tumor masses reach 100 mm3, the tumor-bearing mice are randomly divided into groups for treatments with different Lificiguat (YC-1)/YC-1-S doses. The mice are i.p. injected with YC-1 (30 or 60 mg/kg) or administered YC-1-S p.o. Tumor size and mouse body weight are measured once every 3 days, and tumor volume (mm3) is calculated using the equation: length×(width)2×0.5. At the end of the experiments, mice are killed and tumor nodules are dissected and weighed. Tumor tissues are subjected to Western blotting.
    4-month-old (200-250 g) and 24-month-old (550-600 g) male Wistar-albino rats are used. Lificiguat (YC-1) is prepared immediately prior to use and given intraperitoneally (i.p.) in a volume of 0.1 mL per 100 g body weight. All rats receives 1 mg/kg/day of Lificiguat (YC-1) for 2 weeks. DMSO is administered to 4-month-old and 24-month-old rats (n=10, for each group). Doses are selected to confirm the selected doses on locomotor activity; all results are measured.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    • No file chosen (Maximum size is: 1024 Kb)
    • If you have published this work, please enter the PubMed ID.
    • Your name will appear on the site.

    Lificiguat Related Classifications

    Help & FAQs
    • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

      Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

    • Molarity Calculator

    • Dilution Calculator

    The molarity calculator equation

    Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

    Mass   Concentration   Volume   Molecular Weight *
    = × ×

    The dilution calculator equation

    Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

    This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

    Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
    × = ×
    C1   V1   C2   V2

    Your Recently Viewed Products:

    Inquiry Online

    Your information is safe with us. * Required Fields.

    Product Name



    Applicant Name *


    Email Address *

    Phone Number *


    Organization Name *

    Department *


    Requested quantity *

    Country or Region *



    Bulk Inquiry

    Inquiry Information

    Product Name:
    Cat. No.:
    MCE Japan Authorized Agent: