1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  2. Deubiquitinase

VLX1570 

Cat. No.: HY-12471 Purity: 98.00%
Handling Instructions

VLX1570, an analogue of b-AP15, is a competitive inhibitor of deubiquitinase activity, with an IC50 of appr 10 μM.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

VLX1570 Chemical Structure

VLX1570 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1431280-51-1

Size Price Stock Quantity
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 434 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
1 mg USD 180 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
5 mg USD 420 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 600 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 1800 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg USD 2520 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
200 mg   Get quote  
500 mg   Get quote  

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Customer Review

    VLX1570 purchased from MCE. Usage Cited in: Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Jul;17(7):1416-1429.

    VLX1570 blocks USP14, but not UCHL5, activity in melanoma.

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    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Technical Information

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    • References

    Description

    VLX1570, an analogue of b-AP15, is a competitive inhibitor of deubiquitinase activity, with an IC50 of appr 10 μM.

    IC50 & Target

    IC50: appr 10 μM (Deubiquitinase)[2]

    In Vitro

    VLX1570 inhibits USP14 and UCHL5 activity of 19S regulatory particles, and the inhibition of USP14 is more pronounced. VLX1570 (1 μM) shows inhibitory activity against USP14 in KMS-11 myeloma cells. VLX1570 exhibits an IC50 of 0.58 μM on HCT116 cells[1]. VLX1570 binds to recombinant USP14 with Kd of 1.5-18 μM using two different sources of recombinant protein, and the Kd for recombinant UCHL5 is higher (14-18 μM) compared to that of USP14. VLX1570 has potent antiproliferative activities on multiple myeloma cells, with IC50s of 43 ± 2 nM, 74 ± 2 nM, 126 ± 3 nM, and 191 ± 1 nM for KMS-11, RPMI8226, OPM-2, and OPM-2-BZR cells, respectively[2]. VLX1570 suppresses the viability of BCWM.1 cells, with an EC50 of 20.22 nM. VLX1570 (100, 250, 500 nM) induces significant apoptosis by 12 h in a dose-dependent manner in all Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM) cell lines tested, including BCWM.1/IR (IR) and BCWM.1/BR (BR) subclones. VLX1570 (100, 250, 500 nM) also causes ER stress machinery and mitochondrial damage in WM cells. VLX1570 (250 nM) downregulates BCR-signalosome components and their end effectors, as well as CXCR4 expression in WM cells[3].

    In Vivo

    VLX1570 (3 mg/kg) significantly decreases tumor growth in mice bearing KMS-11 multiple myeloma cells[2]. VLX1570 (4.4 mg/kg, i.p.) markedly suppresses tumor growth, without obvious weight loss and other signs of systemic toxicity in the Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM)-bearing mice[3].

    Solvent & Solubility
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : ≥ 32 mg/mL (68.17 mM)

    *"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

    Preparing
    Stock Solutions
    Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 2.1304 mL 10.6521 mL 21.3042 mL
    5 mM 0.4261 mL 2.1304 mL 4.2608 mL
    10 mM 0.2130 mL 1.0652 mL 2.1304 mL
    *Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
    References
    Kinase Assay
    [1]

    Preparations of 26S proteasomes (1 nM) are pretreated with DMSO, VLX1570, or b-AP15 for 2 min in assay buffer (25 mM Tris, 5 mM MgCl2, 10% glycerol, 0.05 mg/mL BSA, 2 mM ATP, and 1 mM DTT) before addition of Ubrhodamine. Fluorescence is monitored at 37°C using Ex/Em = 490 nm/520 nm to read data every 10 second for 30 min using a TECAN infinite 200 instrument. For UbVS labeling of KMS 11 cells, cell pellets are lysed from control or treated cells with buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.4, 250 mM sucrose, 10 mM MgCl2, 2 mM ATP, 1 mM DTT) on ice for 30 min and removed debris by centrifugation. Twenty five μg of protein is labeled with 1 μM UbVS for 30 min at 37°C. Samples are resolved by SDS-PAGE and subjected to immunoblotting. For UbVS labeling of proteasomes, purified 19S proteasomes (50 nM) are pretreated with DMSO, VLX1570, or b-AP15 (50 μM) for 10 min at room temperature, followed by labeling with 1 μM HA-UbVS for 30 min at 37°C and by immunoblotting[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Assay
    [2]

    Cell viability is monitored by the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. For the MTT assay, cells are suspended at 5 × 105 cells/mL, and 100 μL aliquots are dispended into 96-well microtiter plates and exposed to drugs using DMSO as control. At the end of incubations, 10 μL of a stock solution of 5 mg/mL MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide), is added into each well, and the plates are incubated 4 hours at 37°C. Formazan crystals are dissolved with 100 μL of 10% SDS/10 mM HCl solution overnight at 37°C. Since MTT assays are affected by mitochondrial activity, and since OXPHOS is affected by VLX1570, the acid phosphatase method49 are used to determine cell viability in some experiments. After washing twice with PBS, cells are lysed in 100 μL of 0.1 M sodium acetate, 0,1% Triton X-100, p-nitrophenylphosphate and incubated for 90 min at 37°C. At the end of the incubation, 10 μL NaOH is added to each well and A405 is determined[2].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [3]

    Animal experiment is performed with a sample size of 7 per group, 80% power at the 5% significance level to detect a difference in means of 1800 mm3 between the 2 groups. For percentage change in IgM from baseline, with a sample size of 7 per group, 80% power at the 5% significance level is calculated to detect a difference in means of 450% between the 2 groups. Fourteen female NOD/SCID mice (6-8 weeks of age) are subcutaneously implanted with 1× 106 luciferase labeled RPCI-WM1 cells (Luc-RPCI-WM1), which are allowed to grow till a bioluminescent signal is observed by IVIS imaging (Day 20). On day 21, mice are randomized into 2 groups (n=7 each), with one group receiving vehicle (cremaphor+PEG+Tween) and the other receiving VLX1570 at 4.4 mg/kg via intraperitoneal injection. The investigator is not blinded to the group allocation. Both groups are respectively treated with either vehicle or VLX1570 every alternate day for 22 days. Sizes of the tumors is measured every 3- 4 days using direct caliper measurements, and volume of the tumorsis calculated using the formula (width)2 × length/2. Bioluminescent tumor imaging is performed with the Xenogen imaging system on Days 0, 20, 30, 36 and 43 post-tumor implantation. Blood from mice is collected on the same days by submandibular venous puncture, with sera subsequently separated for quantification of human IgM levels’ using ELISA. On Day 44, mice are sacrificed, and final tumor volume is measured in control and treatment arms. All images are obtained using a Canon D40 digital camera. No specific criteria for inclusion/exclusion are used as all mice formed tumors and are therefore included into the study[3].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    References
    Molecular Weight

    469.39

    Formula

    C₂₃H₁₇F₂N₃O₆

    CAS No.

    1431280-51-1

    SMILES

    O=C1/C(CN(C(C=C)=O)CC/C1=C\C2=CC=C(F)C([N+]([O-])=O)=C2)=C/C3=CC=C(F)C([N+]([O-])=O)=C3

    Storage
    Powder -20°C 3 years
      4°C 2 years
    In solvent -80°C 6 months
      -20°C 1 month
    Shipping

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

    Purity: 98.00%

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    Cat. No.:
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    Cat. No.: HY-12471