1. MAPK/ERK Pathway
  2. JNK
  3. BI-78D3

BI-78D3 functions as a substrate competitive inhibitor of JNK, inhibit the JNK kinase activity (IC50=280 nM).

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

BI-78D3 Chemical Structure

BI-78D3 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 883065-90-5

Size Price Stock Quantity
Free Sample (0.1 - 0.5 mg)   Apply Now  
Solid + Solvent (Highly Recommended)
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO
ready for reconstitution
USD 72 In-stock
Solution
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 72 In-stock
Solid
5 mg USD 65 In-stock
10 mg USD 105 In-stock
25 mg USD 210 In-stock
50 mg USD 335 In-stock
100 mg USD 530 In-stock
200 mg   Get quote  
500 mg   Get quote  

* Please select Quantity before adding items.

This product is a controlled substance and not for sale in your territory.

Customer Review

Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

1 Publications Citing Use of MCE BI-78D3

View All JNK Isoform Specific Products:

  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

  • Customer Review

Description

BI-78D3 functions as a substrate competitive inhibitor of JNK, inhibit the JNK kinase activity (IC50=280 nM).

IC50 & Target[1]

JNK

280 nM (IC50)

In Vitro

BI-78D3, dose-dependently inhibits the phosphorylation of JNK substrates both in vitro and in cell. BI-78D3 is able to compete with the D-domain of JIP1 (amino acids 153-163; pepJIP1) for JNK1 binding (IC50=500 nM). Using the same in vitro LanthaScreen kinase assay and the same ATF2 substrate, BI-78D3 is found to be 100-fold less active vs. p38α, a member of the MAPK family with high structural similarity to JNK, and completely inactive against mTOR and PI3-kinase (α-isoform), both unrelated protein kinases. Furthermore, Lineweaver-Burk analysis clearly indicates that BI-78D3 is competitive with ATF2 for binding to JNK1 with an apparent Ki value of 200 nM. In an attempt to profile the properties of BI-78D3 in the context of a complex cellular milieu, the cell-based LanthaScreen kinase assay is used. In this assay BI-78D3 is able to inhibit TNF-α stimulated phosphorylation of c-Jun in cell (EC50=12.4 μM)[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

In Vivo

The link between ConA-induced liver failure, TNF receptor signaling, and JNK function has been established by studies employing JNK1-/- and JNK2-/- mice. For this analysis, insulin insensitive mice are injected only once with 25 mg/kg BI-78D3, 30 min before insulin injection. The effect of insulin on blood glucose levels is then measured. BI-78D3 results in a statistically significant reduction in blood glucose levels as compared with the vehicle control. Thus, the ability of BI-78D3 to abrogate ConA-induced liver damage and restore insulin sensitivity is consistent with its proposed function as an effective JNK inhibitor. Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry bio-availability analysis demonstrates that BI-78D3 has favorable microsome and plasma stability (T1/2=54 min)[1].

MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Molecular Weight

379.37

Formula

C13H9N5O5S2

CAS No.
Appearance

Solid

Color

White to off-white

SMILES

O=C1N(C2=CC=C(OCCO3)C3=C2)C(SC4=NC=C([N+]([O-])=O)S4)=NN1

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 2 years
-20°C 1 year
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (263.59 mM; Need ultrasonic; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.6359 mL 13.1797 mL 26.3595 mL
5 mM 0.5272 mL 2.6359 mL 5.2719 mL
View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Mass
=
Concentration
×
Volume
×
Molecular Weight *

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start)

C1

×
Volume (start)

V1

=
Concentration (final)

C2

×
Volume (final)

V2

In Vivo:

Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

  • Protocol 1

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (6.59 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

    Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
  • Protocol 2

    Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in Saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (6.59 mM); Clear solution

    This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

    Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (25.0 mg/mL) to 900 μL 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline, and mix evenly.

    Preparation of 20% SBE-β-CD in Saline (4°C, storage for one week): 2 g SBE-β-CD powder is dissolved in 10 mL Saline, completely dissolve until clear.
In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

Dosage

mg/kg

Animal weight
(per animal)

g

Dosing volume
(per animal)

μL

Number of animals

Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
Please enter your animal formula composition:
%
DMSO +
+
%
Tween-80 +
%
Saline
Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
Calculation results:
Working solution concentration: mg/mL
Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
 If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
Purity & Documentation
References
Kinase Assay
[1]

The cell based kinase assays for c-Jun and ATF2 phosphorylation carry out by using the LanthaScreen c-Jun (1-79) HeLa and LanthaScreen ATF2 (19-106) A549 cell lines which stably express GFP-c-Jun 1-79 and GFP-ATF2 19-106, respectively. Phosphorylation is determined by measuring the time resolved FRET (TR-FRET) between a terbium labeled phospho-specific antibody and the GFP-fusion protein. The cells are plated in white tissue culture treated 384 well plates at a density of 10,000 cell per well in 32 μl assay medium (supplemented with 1% charcoal/dextran-treated FBS, 100 U/mL Penicillin and 100 μg/mL Streptomycin, 0.1 mM nonessential amino acids, 1 mM sodium pyruvate, 25 mM Hepes, pH 7.3, and lacking phenol red). After overnight incubation, cells are pretreated for 60 min with BI-78D3 (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 μM) followed by 30 min of stimulation with 2 ng/mL of TNF-α that stimulates both JNK and p38. The medium is then removed by aspiration and the cells are lysed by adding 20 μL of lysis buffer (20 mM Tris•HCl, pH 7.6, 5 mM EDTA, 1% Nonidet P-40 substitute, 5 mM NaF, 150 mM NaCl, and 1:100 protease and phosphatase inhibitor mix, SIGMA P8340 and P2850, respectively). The lysis buffer includs 2 nM of the terbium-labeled anti-pc-Jun (pSer73) or anti-pATF2 (pThr71) detection antibodies. After allowing the assay to equilibrate for 1 h at room temperature, TR-FRET emission ratios are determined on a BMG Pherastar fluorescence plate reader (excitation at 340 nm, emission 520 nm and 490 nm; 100 μs lag time, 200 μs integration time, emission ratio=Em520/Em 490)[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[1]

Mice[1]
ConA and BI-78D3 is injected i.v. at 10 mg/kg into 6 to 8 weeks old male BL/6 mice. For partial hepatectomy, mice are anesthetized with isofluorane and subjected to midventral laparotomy followed by removal of the left lateral and median lobes. Animals are killed, blood is collected by cardiac puncture, and livers are surgically removed. Serum is separated and analyzed for alanine-aminotranferase levels[1].
Eleven-week-old male BKS.Cg-+Leprdb/+Leprdb/OlaHsd db/db mice are randomized based on blood glucose levels acclimated three days before drug dosing. Blood glucose is read by using a hand-held glucose meter (Mice are fasted 6 h before i.p. (i.p.) administration of 25 mg/kg BI-78D3. Thirty minutes after test article administration, Bovine Insulin (I-0516 at 0.75 mg/kg) is administered via i.p. injection. Blood samples are taken at designated time points and blood glucose levels are measured as described. Food is returned three hours after test article administration[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References

Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

* Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 2 years; -20°C, 1 year. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 2 years. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 year.

Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
DMSO 1 mM 2.6359 mL 13.1797 mL 26.3595 mL 65.8987 mL
5 mM 0.5272 mL 2.6359 mL 5.2719 mL 13.1797 mL
10 mM 0.2636 mL 1.3180 mL 2.6359 mL 6.5899 mL
15 mM 0.1757 mL 0.8786 mL 1.7573 mL 4.3932 mL
20 mM 0.1318 mL 0.6590 mL 1.3180 mL 3.2949 mL
25 mM 0.1054 mL 0.5272 mL 1.0544 mL 2.6359 mL
30 mM 0.0879 mL 0.4393 mL 0.8786 mL 2.1966 mL
40 mM 0.0659 mL 0.3295 mL 0.6590 mL 1.6475 mL
50 mM 0.0527 mL 0.2636 mL 0.5272 mL 1.3180 mL
60 mM 0.0439 mL 0.2197 mL 0.4393 mL 1.0983 mL
80 mM 0.0329 mL 0.1647 mL 0.3295 mL 0.8237 mL
100 mM 0.0264 mL 0.1318 mL 0.2636 mL 0.6590 mL
  • No file chosen (Maximum size is: 1024 Kb)
  • If you have published this work, please enter the PubMed ID.
  • Your name will appear on the site.

BI-78D3 Related Classifications

Help & FAQs
  • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

    Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

Your Recently Viewed Products:

Inquiry Online

Your information is safe with us. * Required Fields.

Product Name

 

Salutation

Applicant Name *

 

Email Address *

Phone Number *

 

Organization Name *

Department *

 

Requested quantity *

Country or Region *

     

Remarks

Bulk Inquiry

Inquiry Information

Product Name:
BI-78D3
Cat. No.:
HY-10366
Quantity:
MCE Japan Authorized Agent: