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PKG Substrate 

Cat. No.: HY-P1561
Handling Instructions

PKG Substrate is a selective substrate for cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG).

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Custom Peptide Synthesis

PKG Substrate Chemical Structure

PKG Substrate Chemical Structure

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PKG Substrate is a selective substrate for cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG).

IC50 & Target


In Vitro

Incorporation of [33P]ATP into the synthetic peptide PKG substrate RKRSRAE is measured. N6-benzyl-ATP inhibits kinase activity of PKG Iα gatekeeper mutants but not WT. The serotonin transporter (SERT) is responsible for reuptake of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) after its exocytotic release from neurons. SERT is regulated by several processes, including a cyclic GMP signaling pathway involving nitric oxide synthase, guanylyl cyclase, and PKG[1].

Molecular Weight






Sequence Shortening



Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.


Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 


Peptide Solubility and Storage Guidelines:

1.  Calculate the length of the peptide.

2.  Calculate the overall charge of the entire peptide according to the following table:

  Contents Assign value
Acidic amino acid Asp (D), Glu (E), and the C-terminal -COOH. -1
Basic amino acid Arg (R), Lys (K), His (H), and the N-terminal -NH2 +1
Neutral amino acid Gly (G), Ala (A), Leu (L), Ile (I), Val (V), Cys (C), Met (M), Thr (T), Ser (S), Phe (F), Tyr (Y), Trp (W), Pro (P), Asn (N), Gln (Q) 0

3.  Recommended solution:

Overall charge of peptide Details
Negative (<0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in water first.
2.  If water fails, add NH4OH (<50 μL).
3.  If the peptide still does not dissolve, add DMSO (50-100 μL) to solubilize the peptide.
Positive (>0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in water first.
2.  If water fails, try dissolving the peptide in a 10%-30% acetic acid solution.
3.  If the peptide still does not dissolve, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO.
Zero (=0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in organic solvent (acetonitrile, methanol, etc.) first.
2.  For very hydrophobic peptides, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO, and then dilute the solution with water to the desired concentration.
Kinase Assay

Kinase activity is measured by determining the amount of 33P radioactivity incorporated from [33P]ATP or [33P]N6-benzyl-ATP into a PKG specific peptide substrate (RKRSRAE). The standard 75 μL assay mixture contains 0.15 μCi of [33P]ATP, 10 μM ATP, 15 μM PKG peptide substrate, 2 μM PKI (a synthetic peptide inhibitor of cAMP-dependent protein kinase), 1 μg of purified kinase, and 100 μM 8-Br-cGMP in 50 mM HEPES buffer, pH 7.4, containing 10 mM MgCl2, 0.1% Tween 20, and 1 mM DTT. After incubation at 30°C for 2 min, the reaction is immediately put on ice, and 20 μL of the assay mixture is spotted onto P81 phosphocellulose paper and then quenched in 0.42% H3PO4. The paper is further washed three times in 0.42% H3PO4 for 10 min with gentle agitation and rinsed once with acetone. After air drying, radioactivity on the paper is measured with a Beckman LS6500 liquid scintillation counter. For measuring the effect of N6-benzyl-ATP on the activity of PKG I utilizing ATP as a co-substrate, unlabeled N6-benzyl-ATP is added to each reaction at the indicated concentrations. Saturation kinetic analyses for Km and Vmax with ATP or N6-benzyl-ATP are performed over a concentration range (0.0015-100 μM) by adding unlabeled ATP or N6-benzyl-ATP to a given amount of [33P]ATP or [33P]N6-benzyl-ATP, respectively[1].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

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Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2


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