1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
  2. Potassium Channel
  3. TRAM-34

TRAM-34 

Cat. No.: HY-13519 Purity: 99.71%
Handling Instructions

TRAM-34 is a highly selective blocker of intermediate-conductance calcium-activated K+ channel (IKCa1) (Kd=20 nM).

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

TRAM-34 Chemical Structure

TRAM-34 Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 289905-88-0

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Free Sample (0.5-1 mg)   Apply now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO USD 92 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
10 mg USD 84 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
50 mg USD 300 In-stock
Estimated Time of Arrival: December 31
100 mg USD 480 In-stock
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Based on 1 publication(s) in Google Scholar

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Description

TRAM-34 is a highly selective blocker of intermediate-conductance calcium-activated K+ channel (IKCa1) (Kd=20 nM).

IC50 & Target

Kd: 20 nM (IKCa1)[1]

In Vitro

TRAM-34 selectively blocks the IKCa1 current (Kd=25 nM), TRAM-34 also blocks IKCa1 currents in human T84 colonic epithelial cells with equivalent potency (Kd=22 nM). TRAM-34 inhibits the cloned and the native IKCa1 channel in human T lymphocytes with a Kd of 20-25 nM and is 200- to 1,500-fold selective over other ion channels. The dose-response curve reveals a Kd of 20±3 nM and a Hill coefficient of 1.2 with 1 μM calcium in the pipette[1]. TRAM-34, a specific inhibitor of KCa 3.1 channels increased or decreased cell proliferation depending on the concentration. At intermediate concentrations (3-10 µM) TRAM-34 increased cell proliferation, whereas at higher concentrations (20-100 µM) TRAM-34 decreased cell proliferation. The enhancement of cell proliferation caused by TRAM-34 is blocked by the oestrogen receptor antagonists ICI182,780 and tamoxifen. TRAM-34 also increases progesterone receptor mRNA expression, decreased oestrogen receptor-α mRNA expression and reduced the binding of radiolabelled oestrogen to MCF-7 oestrogen receptor, in each case mimicking the effects of 17β-oestradiol[2].

In Vivo

Mice (n=5) injected intravenously with a single dose of TRAM-34 (0.5 mg/kg; 29 μM) appeared clinically normal during the 7-day study. The body-weight data of the TRAM-34-treated group (day 1:17.8 g; day 7: 27.0 g) are similar to control mice injected with the vehicle (day 1: 17.4 g; day 7: 23.4 g). Collectively, data from these limited toxicity studies suggest that TRAM-34 is not acutely toxic at ≈500-1,000 times the channel-blocking dose[1].Treatment with TRAM-34 results in a significant reduction in hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) defined lesion area with the mean infarct size being reduced from 22.6±3.6% in the controls (n=8) to 11.3±2.8% in rats treated with 10 mg/kg TRAM-34 (n=6, mean±s.e.m., P=0.039) and to 8.1±1.9% in rats treated with 40 mg/kg TRAM-34 (n=8; P=0.004). The treatment also tended to reduce brain shrinkage. However, the results are only statistically significant with 40 mg/kg TRAM-34 (P=0.013), but not for the 10 mg/kg group (P=0.11)[3].

Storage
Powder -20°C 3 years
  4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
  -20°C 1 month
Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

DMSO : ≥ 3.5 mg/mL (10.15 mM)

*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

Preparing
Stock Solutions
Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.8999 mL 14.4995 mL 28.9990 mL
5 mM 0.5800 mL 2.8999 mL 5.7998 mL
10 mM 0.2900 mL 1.4499 mL 2.8999 mL
*Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent.
References
Kinase Assay
[2]

MCF-7 cell protein (250 µg) is incubated at room temperature for 2 h in TEDG buffer in the presence of 0.1 nM [2,4,6,7,16,17-3H(N)]-oestradiol ([3H]-E2) (110 Ci/mmol) in a total final volume of 500 µL. Non-specific binding is assessed in the presence of a 100-fold excess of non-radioactive E2. TRAM-34 and E2 standards are diluted in phenol red-free 5% DCC-FBS MEM containing supplements before being added to the cytosolic protein. A vehicle control comprised of 5% DCC-FBS MEM containing supplements with 0.7% DMSO. To separate ER-bound [3H]-E2 from unbound [3H]-E2, 250 µL of hydroxylapatite (HAP, 60% in TEDG buffer) is added, the mixture is vortexed every 5 min over 15 min and centrifuged at 1000×g for 10 min. The HAP-[3H]-E2-ER complex is washed with TEDG buffer, centrifuged and the wash step repeated. To elute [3H]-E2 from the HAP-[3H]-E2-ER complex, 500 µL of 100% ethanol is added and the mixture then incubated for 15 min and centrifuged at 1034×g for 10 min. The separated [3H]-E2 is removed and added to 2 mL of scintillation fluid. Radioactivity is quantified using a Beckman LS 5000TA scintillation counter. Competition of [3H]-E2 with TRAM-34 is assayed in quadruplicate on four independent protein extractions. An apparent dissociation constant of 0.135±0.034 nM (n=3) and a maximum binding capacity of 48.3±5.4 fmol/mg (n=3) are determined by Scatchard analysis[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[1][3]

Mice[1]
Five CF-1BR mice (17-19 g) are injected intravenously with a single 1.0-ml dose of 0.5 mg/kg TRAM-34 (in mammalian Ringer solution with 1% ethanol and 2.5% BSA). Five control mice are injected with an equal volume of the vehicle. Mice are observed for adverse effects immediately after dosing, at 4 h after injection and daily for 7 days.
Rats[3]
Adult male Wistar rats weighing 160 to 180 g are used. Rats receive TRAM-34 at 10 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg or vehicle (Miglyol 812 neutral oil at 1 μL/g) twice daily intraperitoneally for 7 days starting 12 hours after reperfusion. Neurological deficits are scored according to a 4-score test and a tactile and proprioceptive limb-placing test as follows: (1) 4-score test (higher score for more severe neurological deficits): 0=no apparent deficit; 1=contralateral forelimb is consistently flexed during suspension by holding the tail; 2=decreasing grip ability on the contralateral forelimb while tail pulled; 3=spontaneous movement in all directions but circling to contralateral side when pulled by the tail; 4=spontaneous contralateral circling or depressed level of consciousness. (2) 14-score limb-placing test (lower score for more severe neurological deficits): proprioception, forward extension, lateral abduction, and adduction are tested with vision or tactile stimuli. For visual limb placing, rats are held and slowly moved forward or lateral toward the top of a table. Normal rats placed both forepaws on the tabletop. Tactile forward and lateral limb placing are tested by lightly contacting the table edge with the dorsal or lateral surface of a rat's paw while avoiding whisker contact and covering the eyes to avoid vision.

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

344.84

Formula

C₂₂H₁₇ClN₂

CAS No.

289905-88-0

SMILES

ClC1=CC=CC=C1C(N2N=CC=C2)(C3=CC=CC=C3)C4=CC=CC=C4

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

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Product Name:
TRAM-34
Cat. No.:
HY-13519
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TRAM-34

Cat. No.: HY-13519