1. Academic Validation
  2. Pitavastatin decreases tau levels via the inactivation of Rho/ROCK

Pitavastatin decreases tau levels via the inactivation of Rho/ROCK

  • Neurobiol Aging. 2012 Oct;33(10):2306-20. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2011.10.020.
Tadanori Hamano 1 Shu-Hui Yen Tania Gendron Li-wen Ko Masaru Kuriyama


  • 1 Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan. [email protected]

Epidemiological studies have shown that long-term treatment with statins decreases the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. Statins have pleiotropic effects by lowering the concentration of isoprenoid intermediates. Although several studies have shown that statins may reduce amyloid beta protein levels, there have been few reports on the interaction between statins and tau. We report here that pitavastatin reduces total and phosphorylated tau levels in a cellular model of tauopathy, and in primary neuronal cultures. The decrease caused by pitavastatin is reversed by the addition of mevalonate, or geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate. The maturation of small G proteins, including RhoA was disrupted by pitavastatin, as was the activity of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β), a major tau kinase. Toxin A, inhibitor of glycosylation of small G proteins, and Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor decreased phosphorylated tau levels. Rho kinase inhibitor also inactivated glycogen synthase kinase 3β. Although the mechanisms responsible for the reduction in Tau Protein by pitavastatin require further examination, this report sheds LIGHT on possible therapeutic approaches to tauopathy.