1. Academic Validation
  2. Truncated Orexin Peptides: Structure-Activity Relationship Studies

Truncated Orexin Peptides: Structure-Activity Relationship Studies

  • ACS Med Chem Lett. 2013 Dec 12;4(12):1224-1227. doi: 10.1021/ml400333a.
Nadezhda A German 1 Ann M Decker 1 Brian P Gilmour 1 Brian F Thomas 1 Yanan Zhang 1


  • 1 Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709.

Orexin receptors are involved in many processes including energy homeostasis, wake/sleep cycle, metabolism and reward. Development of potent and selective ligands is an essential step for defining the mechanism(s) underlying such critical processes. The goal of this study was to further investigate the structure-activity relationships of these Peptides and to identify truncated form of the orexin Peptides active at OX1. Truncation studies have led to OXA (17-33) as the shortest active peptide known to date with a 23-fold selectivity for OX1 over OX2. Alanine, D-amino acid and proline scans have highlighted the particular importance of Tyr17, Leu20, Asn25 and His26 for agonist properties of OXA(17-33). The conformation of the C-terminus might also be a defining factor in agonist activity and selectivity of the orexin Peptides for the OX1 receptor.


Orexin; Peptide; Structure-activity relationship.