1. GPCR/G Protein
    Neuronal Signaling
  2. Melanocortin Receptor

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat (Synonyms: ACTH (1-39) (mouse, rat))

Cat. No.: HY-P1477
Handling Instructions

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat is a potent melanocortin 2 (MC2) receptor agonist.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Custom Peptide Synthesis

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat Chemical Structure

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 77465-10-2

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5 mg USD 960 Get quote

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  • Biological Activity

  • Protocol

  • Technical Information

  • Purity & Documentation

  • References

Description

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat is a potent melanocortin 2 (MC2) receptor agonist.

IC50 & Target

Melanocortin 2 receptor[1]

In Vitro

ACTH 1-39 at concentrations of 100-400 nM has no toxic effect on neurons, while ACTH provides protection from excitotoxic neuronal death induced by glutamate (100 μM), NMDA (1 mM), AMPA (50 μM), and kainate (25 μM). ACTH at 400 nM provides substantial protection in each case. ACTH at either 200 or 400 nM protects neurons from quinolinic acid (25 μM). There is also protection by ACTH from cell death induced by 2 μM H2O2, which gives rise to reactive oxygen species (ROS), with significantly more protection at 400 nM ACTH compared to 200 nM. ACTH gives modest protection against rapid release of nitric oxide (NO) by NOC-12 but not slow release by NOC-18. ACTH (200 or 400 nM) protects neurons from cytotoxic effects of staurosporine (10-20 nM), a classic inducer of cell death via apoptosis. ACTH reduces cell death from 80% to 55%[1].

In Vivo

The icv injection of ACTH significantly reduces cumulative food intake over the observation period compared with the saline/IgG group. The injection of ACTH Ab into the PVN abolishes the anorexigenic effect of ACTH. Infusion icv of ACTH significantly decreases cumulative food intake in rats that receive α-MSH Ab into the PVN and ACTH icv, and food intake is as low as in the group treated with ACTH icv and IgG into the PVN. Injection of either ACTH Ab or α-MSH Ab into the PVN significantly increase cumulative food intake compared with IgG-treated animals; the combined application of both Ab’s do not increase food intake further[2].

Solvent & Solubility
In Vitro: 

H2O

Peptide Solubility and Storage Guidelines:

1.  Calculate the length of the peptide.

2.  Calculate the overall charge of the entire peptide according to the following table:

  Contents Assign value
Acidic amino acid Asp (D), Glu (E), and the C-terminal -COOH. -1
Basic amino acid Arg (R), Lys (K), His (H), and the N-terminal -NH2 +1
Neutral amino acid Gly (G), Ala (A), Leu (L), Ile (I), Val (V), Cys (C), Met (M), Thr (T), Ser (S), Phe (F), Tyr (Y), Trp (W), Pro (P), Asn (N), Gln (Q) 0

3.  Recommended solution:

Overall charge of peptide Details
Negative (<0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in water first.
2.  If water fails, add NH4OH (<50 μL).
3.  If the peptide still does not dissolve, add DMSO (50-100 μL) to solubilize the peptide.
Positive (>0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in water first.
2.  If water fails, try dissolving the peptide in a 10%-30% acetic acid solution.
3.  If the peptide still does not dissolve, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO.
Zero (=0) 1.  Try to dissolve the peptide in organic solvent (acetonitrile, methanol, etc.) first.
2.  For very hydrophobic peptides, try dissolving the peptide in a small amount of DMSO, and then dilute the solution with water to the desired concentration.
References
Animal Administration
[2]

Rats[2]
Male Wistar rats (weight range 225-250 g at purchase) are used throughout the study. Animals receive a PVN application of ACTH Ab (2 μg/rat) or IgG (2 μg/rat); administration of either ACTH (1 nM/rat) or saline icv is performed 5 min later[2].

MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

References
Molecular Weight

4582.23

Formula

C₂₁₀H₃₁₅N₅₇O₅₇S

CAS No.

77465-10-2

Sequence

Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-Gly-Lys-Lys-Arg-Arg-Pro-Val-Lys-Val-Tyr-Pro-Asn-Val-Ala-Glu-Asn-Glu-Ser-Ala-Glu-Ala-Phe-Pro-Leu-Glu-Phe

Sequence Shortening

SYSMEHFRWGKPVGKKRRPVKVYPNVAENESAEAFPLEF

Storage

Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.

Shipping

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere

  • Molarity Calculator

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The molarity calculator equation

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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The dilution calculator equation

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)
× = ×
C1   V1   C2   V2

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Product Name:
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat
Cat. No.:
HY-P1477
Quantity:

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) (1-39), rat

Cat. No.: HY-P1477