1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage Epigenetics Autophagy Apoptosis
  2. HDAC Autophagy Apoptosis
  3. Entinostat

Entinostat  (Synonyms: MS-275; SNDX-275)

Cat. No.: HY-12163 Purity: 99.26%
COA Handling Instructions

Entinostat is an oral and selective class I HDAC inhibitor, with IC50s of 243 nM, 453 nM, and 248 nM for HDAC1, HDAC2, and HDAC3, respectively.

For research use only. We do not sell to patients.

Entinostat Chemical Structure

Entinostat Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 209783-80-2

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Customer Review

Based on 44 publication(s) in Google Scholar

Other Forms of Entinostat:

Top Publications Citing Use of Products

42 Publications Citing Use of MCE Entinostat

Proliferation Assay
WB

    Entinostat purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: PLoS One. 2018 Jul 6;13(7):e0200015.  [Abstract]

    Western blot analysis of AcH3 and H3 in HCC827 whole cell lysate. Cells are treated with Entinostat (Ent) for 4 days in vitro. Band densities are determined with a Luminescent Image Analyzer LAS-3000, and AcH3 densities are normalized by H3.

    Entinostat purchased from MedChemExpress. Usage Cited in: Carcinogenesis. 2015 Feb;36(2):192-201.  [Abstract]

    Entinostat shows a mild inhibitory effect on cell growth.

    View All HDAC Isoform Specific Products:

    • Biological Activity

    • Protocol

    • Purity & Documentation

    • References

    • Customer Review

    Description

    Entinostat is an oral and selective class I HDAC inhibitor, with IC50s of 243 nM, 453 nM, and 248 nM for HDAC1, HDAC2, and HDAC3, respectively.

    IC50 & Target[1]

    HDAC1

    243 nM (IC50)

    HDAC3

    248 nM (IC50)

    HDAC2

    453 nM (IC50)

    In Vitro

    Binding affinity of Entinostat (MS-275) against HDAC1 and HDAC2 is 282 nM and 156 nM, respectively[1]. Effects of the HDAC inhibitor Entinostat (MS-275) have been examined in human leukemia and lymphoma cells (U937, HL-60, K562, and Jurkat) as well as in primary acute myelogenous leukemia blasts in relation to differentiation and apoptosis. MS-275 displays dose-dependent effects in each of the cell lines. When administered at a low concentration (e.g., 1 μM), MS-275 exhibits potent antiproliferative activity, inducing p21CIP1/WAF1-mediated growth arrest and expression of differentiation markers (CD11b) in U937 cells. Entinostat (MS-275) potently induces cell death, triggering apoptosis in ~70% of cells at 48 h[2].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    In Vivo

    Entinostat (MS-27-275) at 49 mg/kg shows marked antitumor effects against KB-3-1, 4-1St, and St-4 tumor lines, and a moderate effect against Capan-1 tumor. Entinostat at 24.5 mg/kg and 12.3 mg/kg also shows significant effects against these tumors. In addition, oral administration of Entinostat apparently increases the level of histone acetylation in HT-29 tumor xenografts 4-24 h after the administration[3]. MS-275 administration (3.5 mg/kg i.p.) to Experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) rats once daily from the appearance of first neurological signs greatly reduces the severity and duration of EAN and attenuated local accumulation of macrophages, T cells and B cells, anddemyelination of sciatic nerves. In addition, MS-275 treatment increases proportion of infiltrated Foxp3+ cells and anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages in sciatic nerves of EAN rats[4].

    MedChemExpress (MCE) has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Clinical Trial
    Molecular Weight

    376.41

    Formula

    C21H20N4O3

    CAS No.
    Unlabeled CAS

    Appearance

    Solid

    Color

    White to light yellow

    SMILES

    O=C(NCC1=CC=C(C=C1)C(NC2=CC=CC=C2N)=O)OCC3=CC=CN=C3

    Shipping

    Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

    Storage
    Powder -20°C 3 years
    In solvent -80°C 1 year
    -20°C 6 months
    Solvent & Solubility
    In Vitro: 

    DMSO : 50 mg/mL (132.83 mM; ultrasonic and warming and heat to 60°C; Hygroscopic DMSO has a significant impact on the solubility of product, please use newly opened DMSO)

    Preparing
    Stock Solutions
    Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
    1 mM 2.6567 mL 13.2834 mL 26.5668 mL
    5 mM 0.5313 mL 2.6567 mL 5.3134 mL
    View the Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

    * Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 1 year; -20°C, 6 months. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 1 year. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 6 months.

    • Molarity Calculator

    • Dilution Calculator

    Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

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    Concentration (start) × Volume (start) = Concentration (final) × Volume (final)

    This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2

    Concentration (start)

    C1

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    Volume (start)

    V1

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    In Vivo:

    Select the appropriate dissolution method based on your experimental animal and administration route.

    For the following dissolution methods, please ensure to first prepare a clear stock solution using an In Vitro approach and then sequentially add co-solvents:
    To ensure reliable experimental results, the clarified stock solution can be appropriately stored based on storage conditions. As for the working solution for in vivo experiments, it is recommended to prepare freshly and use it on the same day.
    The percentages shown for the solvents indicate their volumetric ratio in the final prepared solution. If precipitation or phase separation occurs during preparation, heat and/or sonication can be used to aid dissolution.

    • Protocol 1

      Add each solvent one by one:  5% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    50% Saline

      Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (6.64 mM); Clear solution

    • Protocol 2

      Add each solvent one by one:  10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% Saline

      Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (5.53 mM); Clear solution

      This protocol yields a clear solution of ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (saturation unknown).

      Taking 1 mL working solution as an example, add 100 μL DMSO stock solution (20.8 mg/mL) to 400 μL PEG300, and mix evenly; then add 50 μL Tween-80 and mix evenly; then add 450 μL Saline to adjust the volume to 1 mL.

      Preparation of Saline: Dissolve 0.9 g sodium chloride in ddH₂O and dilute to 100 mL to obtain a clear Saline solution.
    In Vivo Dissolution Calculator
    Please enter the basic information of animal experiments:

    Dosage

    mg/kg

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    (per animal)

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    Dosing volume
    (per animal)

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    Number of animals

    Recommended: Prepare an additional quantity of animals to account for potential losses during experiments.
    Please enter your animal formula composition:
    %
    DMSO +
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    Recommended: Keep the proportion of DMSO in working solution below 2% if your animal is weak.
    The co-solvents required include: DMSO, . All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE). , Tween 80. All of co-solvents are available by MedChemExpress (MCE).
    Calculation results:
    Working solution concentration: mg/mL
    Method for preparing stock solution: mg drug dissolved in μL  DMSO (Stock solution concentration: mg/mL).
    The concentration of the stock solution you require exceeds the measured solubility. The following solution is for reference only. If necessary, please contact MedChemExpress (MCE).
    Method for preparing in vivo working solution for animal experiments: Take μL DMSO stock solution, add μL . μL , mix evenly, next add μL Tween 80, mix evenly, then add μL Saline.
     If the continuous dosing period exceeds half a month, please choose this protocol carefully.
    Please ensure that the stock solution in the first step is dissolved to a clear state, and add co-solvents in sequence. You can use ultrasonic heating (ultrasonic cleaner, recommended frequency 20-40 kHz), vortexing, etc. to assist dissolution.
    Purity & Documentation

    Purity: 99.65%

    References
    Kinase Assay
    [1]

    Biochemical assays of HDAC activity are carried out by Nanosyn in a reaction volume of 10 μL in 384-well microplates. A standard enzymatic reaction contains 5 μL of 2× HDAC inhibitor (e.g., Entinostat), 4 μL of 2.5× enzyme, and 1 μL of 10× substrate in assay buffer (100 mM HEPES, pH 7.5, 25 mM KCl, 0.1% BSA, 0.01% Triton X-100, 1% DMSO). Final concentration of all HDACs in the enzymatic assays is between 0.5 and 5 nM. A final substrate concentration of 1 μM FAM-RHKK(Ac)-NH2 or FAM-RHKK(trifluoroacetyl)-NH2 is used in all assays and found to be below the determined Km,app for each enzyme[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Cell Assay
    [1]

    SH-SY5Y cells are maintained under normal culture conditions in a humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2 and are split twice weekly. Cells are plated in black 384-well plates at 2500 cells/well in 20-μL volume of DMEM/F-12 culture media supplemented with 10% FBS and permitted to adhere overnight. The following day, HDAC inhibitors (e.g., Entinostat) are serially diluted in 100% DMSO, and this series is subsequently cross-diluted into culture media. 5 μL of compound (e.g., Entinostat) diluted in media is added to the appropriate well of the cell plate to afford the indicated final concentration of inhibitor (e.g., Entinostat) with a final 0.1% DMSO. Treated cells are incubated under normal tissue culture conditions for 6, 24, 48, 72, or 96 h prior to quantitation of cellular ATP levels as measured using CellTiter-Glo reagents. Similarly, after 6 h of incubation with HDAC inhibitors (e.g., Entinostat), media from separate cell plates are aspirated, and cells are washed once with media containing no inhibitors. 25 μL of media supplemented with 10% FBS and 0.1% DMSO (no inhibitors) is added back to the cells, and cellular ATP levels are determined using CellTiter-Glo after 24, 48, 72, or 96 h of incubation. Luminescence is measured at each time point using an Envision Instrument with a 0.1 s count time[1].

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    Animal Administration
    [3][4]

    Mice[3]
    A2780 cells (9×106) are suspended in PBS and are injected subcutaneously into the flank of nude mouse. For the other tumor lines, KB-3-1, HCT-15, 4-1St, Calu-3, St-4, Capan-1, and HT-29, tumors are passaged several times before starting in vivo antitumor testing, and a tumor lump (2-3 mm in diameter) is transplanted subcutaneously into the flank of a nude mouse by using a trocar needle. Treatment (four or five mice in each experimental group) with the drugs is started after the tumors are confirmed to have grown in the body (tumor size, 20-100 mm3). Entinostat is administered orally once daily 5 days per week for 4 weeks. Tumor length and width are monitored twice weekly, and tumor volume is calculated.
    Rats[4]
    Male Lewis rats (8-10 weeks, 170-200 g) are housed under a 12-h light/dark cycle with free access to food and water. For therapeutic treatment, EAN rats receive i.p. injection of MS-275 (3.5 mg/kg) daily from day 10 to day 14 (six rats/group). For injection, MS-275 is suspended in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and the same volume (1 mL) of PBS is given to control rats.

    MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

    References

    Complete Stock Solution Preparation Table

    * Please refer to the solubility information to select the appropriate solvent. Once prepared, please aliquot and store the solution to prevent product inactivation from repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    Storage method and period of stock solution: -80°C, 1 year; -20°C, 6 months. When stored at -80°C, please use it within 1 year. When stored at -20°C, please use it within 6 months.

    Optional Solvent Concentration Solvent Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 25 mg
    DMSO 1 mM 2.6567 mL 13.2834 mL 26.5668 mL 66.4169 mL
    5 mM 0.5313 mL 2.6567 mL 5.3134 mL 13.2834 mL
    10 mM 0.2657 mL 1.3283 mL 2.6567 mL 6.6417 mL
    15 mM 0.1771 mL 0.8856 mL 1.7711 mL 4.4278 mL
    20 mM 0.1328 mL 0.6642 mL 1.3283 mL 3.3208 mL
    25 mM 0.1063 mL 0.5313 mL 1.0627 mL 2.6567 mL
    30 mM 0.0886 mL 0.4428 mL 0.8856 mL 2.2139 mL
    40 mM 0.0664 mL 0.3321 mL 0.6642 mL 1.6604 mL
    50 mM 0.0531 mL 0.2657 mL 0.5313 mL 1.3283 mL
    60 mM 0.0443 mL 0.2214 mL 0.4428 mL 1.1069 mL
    80 mM 0.0332 mL 0.1660 mL 0.3321 mL 0.8302 mL
    100 mM 0.0266 mL 0.1328 mL 0.2657 mL 0.6642 mL
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    • Do most proteins show cross-species activity?

      Species cross-reactivity must be investigated individually for each product. Many human cytokines will produce a nice response in mouse cell lines, and many mouse proteins will show activity on human cells. Other proteins may have a lower specific activity when used in the opposite species.

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